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  2. 2. MADE BY KAPil
  3. 3.  Introduction  Mode of transport  Rail  Road  Air  Water
  4. 4. Definition of Transport
  5. 5.  TRANSPORT is responsible for the physical movement of materials between points in the supply chain  At the heart of logistics are transport vehicles moving goods between suppliers and customers
  6. 6. Mode of Transport  The mode of transport describes the type of transport used.  There are basically five different options; *Rail * Road * Air * Water
  7. 7. Rail  Most commonly used for heavy and bulky loads over long land journeys  They are almost invariably public carriers rather than private carriers  The rail service is not nationalised, it is allowed a monopoly
  8. 8. Advantage of Rail  Rail is that once the infrastructure is in place, it has very high capacity and low unit costs.  Railway is the safest form of transport  Railways perform many public utility services  Unit transport cost is low
  9. 9. Disadvantage of Rail  Its inflexibility  Trains can only travel along specified routes between fixed terminals, and cannot stop at intermediary points  Obvious limitation of only being used on land  Rail transport cannot provide door to door service
  10. 10. Road  The most widely used mode of transport and is used at least somewhere in almost all supply chains.  Road transport can normally carry loads up to, say, 20–30 tonnes
  11. 11. Advantage of Road  Main benefit is flexibility, being able to visit almost any location  Travel speed can be an important consideration  Use extensive road networks  Large number of carriers working in the same areas  Easy to monitor location of goods
  12. 12. Disadvantage of Road  These become relatively expensive,so road transport is generally used for shorter distances  Used for delivering finished goods than bulky raw materials  Lorries are particularly vulnerable to congestion and traffic delays  Obvious limitation of only being used on land
  13. 13. Different types of road vehicle  Delivery vans  Flat-bed lorries
  14. 14.  Box-bodied lorries  Articulated lorries  Lorry and trailer
  15. 15. Water  Most supply chains use shipping to cross the oceans,over 90% of world trade is moved by sea.
  16. 16. Advantage of Water  Ideal for transporting heavy and bulky goods  Suitable for products with long lead times  Cheapest traffic means  Requires cheap motor powers than for airplanes
  17. 17. Disadvantage of Water  Longer lead/delivery times and slow  Difficult to monitor exact location of goods in transit  Its inflexibility in being limited to appropriate ports  Transfers to ships take time
  18. 18. Basically three types of water transport; * Rivers and Canals → ← * Coastal Shipping * Ocean Transport →
  19. 19. Different types of vessel * General cargo ships →→ ← ← ←* Bulk carriers * Tankers →→ →→
  20. 20. * Container ships →→ ← ← ← ← * Ferries * Barges →→→→ ← * Combination ships
  21. 21. india has an extensive network of inland waterways in the form of rivers, canals, backwaters and creeks. The total navigable length is 14,500 km (9,000 mi), out of which about 5,200 km (3,200 mi) of the river and 4,000 km (2,500 mi) of canals can be used by mechanized crafts. Freight transportation by waterways is highly under-utilized in India compared to other large countries and geographic areas like the United States, China and the European Union. The total cargo moved (in tonne kilometers) by the inland waterway was just 0.1% of the total inland traffic in India, compared to the 21% figure for United States. Cargo transportation in an organised manner is confined to a few waterways in Goa, West Bengal, Assam ,and Kerala.
  22. 22. Air  Passengers account for most airline business, with eight billion passenger kilometres flown a year in the UK.
  23. 23. Avantage of Air  Main advantage is speed of delivery  Useful for Cargo companies For ex; Yurtiçi,UPS,Aras etc..
  24. 24. Disavantage of Air  Transfers to plane take time in the airport  It is costly transport  Competition can also be fierce  Weight limits is prevent carrying amount of materials.
  25. 25. The air transport in India started in 1911 when the India’s first Aeroplane post services were started between Allahabad and Naini. All the airway companies were nationalized in 1953 and were put under two corporations namely – Indian Airlines and Air India. The Indian Airlines Corporation having headquarters in New Delhi was established to conduct the air service within the country. Besides, it also provides services to the neighboring countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Maldives whereas Air India provides its services to the foreign locations. In 1981, a corporation named ‘Vayudoot‘ was established for the domestic flights which provide the services to inaccessible regions or to those regions where the services of Indian Airlines could not reach. After some time, it has been merged with the Indian Airlines.