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Impact of stress on productivity

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Impact of stress on productivity

  1. 2. Impact of Stress on Productivity Presented by: Kamran Arshad (F-09-204) Mian Faheem (SP-10-210)
  2. 4. Outline <ul><li>What is Stress? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Stress? </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>
  3. 5. WHAT IS STRESS ? <ul><li>Stress is the body's reaction to a change that requires a physical, mental or emotional adjustment or response. </li></ul><ul><li>stress is a feeling experienced when a person thinks that &quot;the demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize.&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 6. Types Of Stress <ul><li>There are two types of stress: </li></ul><ul><li>Eustress </li></ul><ul><li>Distress </li></ul>
  5. 7. Types Of Stress <ul><li>Eustress: </li></ul><ul><li>Stress that is healthy, or gives one a feeling of fulfillment or other positive feelings. Eustress is a process of exploring potential gains. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Types of Stress <ul><li>Distress: </li></ul><ul><li>Severe strain resulting from exhaustion or an accident </li></ul>
  7. 10. Sources of stress <ul><li>Physical Sources of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Work overload </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular work hours </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Improper lighting </li></ul>
  8. 11. Sources of stress <ul><li>Psychological Sources of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Boring job </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to socialize </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility of results </li></ul><ul><li>Without sufficient authority </li></ul><ul><li>Unrealistic objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Role ambiguity </li></ul><ul><li>Role conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Dual career marriages </li></ul>
  9. 13. Effects of Stress : Positive <ul><li>It offers potential gain </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the superior performance that an ophthalmologist give during a complicated surgery. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Effects of Stress: Negative <ul><li>Physiological: </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Ulcer </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul>
  11. 15. Effects of stress on manufacturing industry and service organization
  12. 16. Impact of Stress on Performance [3]
  13. 17. Impact Of Stress On Employee Productivity [1] <ul><li>Survey results on doctors shows main reasons of stress are; </li></ul><ul><li>lack of span of control over the work environment </li></ul><ul><li>low acceptance for the work done </li></ul><ul><li>rigid organizational structure, </li></ul><ul><li>High unpredictability in job pattern in job </li></ul><ul><li>departmental variation in administrator support, </li></ul><ul><li>inadequate monetary reward, & personal issues </li></ul>
  14. 18. Occupational Stress and Job Performance [2]
  15. 19. Occupational Stress and Job Performance [2] <ul><li>Results of survey show that major factors of stress are; </li></ul><ul><li>Workload </li></ul><ul><li>co-workers </li></ul><ul><li>repetitive work </li></ul><ul><li>It is concluded that there is moderate level of stress with no significant difference in different departments however no affect of stress is found on job performance in the selected organization. </li></ul>
  16. 20. Symptoms of Stress <ul><li>Psychological Symptoms of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>job dissatisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Tension </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Boredom </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in making routine decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Demoralization </li></ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul><ul><li>Poor morale </li></ul>
  17. 21. Symptoms of Stress <ul><li>Behavioral Symptoms of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>High turnover rate </li></ul><ul><li>Work related accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Remarkable changes in productivity both increase and decrease </li></ul><ul><li>Increased smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption of alcohol, </li></ul><ul><li>Fidgeting </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Disorders. </li></ul>
  18. 22. Managing stress!!! <ul><li>Better management of their time </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritious food </li></ul><ul><li>Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Career planning </li></ul><ul><li>Change in jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of psychological health </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation and prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Yoga </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Assertiveness Training Skills </li></ul>
  19. 23. Managing stress!!! <ul><li>Decrease negative self talk </li></ul><ul><li>Learn practical Coping Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Rehearse and practice situations which cause Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid use of Illegal drugs </li></ul>
  20. 24. Time management <ul><li>Time can be managed effectively by, </li></ul><ul><li>Making daily list of activities to be accomplished </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritizing activities by importance and urgency </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduling activities according to the priority set </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing the daily cycle and handling the most demanding parts of job during the high part </li></ul>
  21. 25. References <ul><li>[1] Impact Of Stress On Employee Productivity, Performance And Turnover; An Important Managerial Issue (Subha Imtiaz* and Shakil Ahmad**) </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Occupational Stress And Job Performance (Tahira Mubashir,Saima Ghazal) </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Positive Psychology News Daily </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Productivity and Stress (Ms. Santha Subbulaxmi) </li></ul><ul><li>[5] When Workplace Stress stifles productivity (JACK SANTA-BARBARA) </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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