Population growth in India
Reasons for the population
Reasons for increase in population of India
Effect for population explosion
Consequences of Rapid Population Growth
Family Welfare Programme
History of family welfare programme
Concept of family welfare programme
Aims and objectives of family welfare programme
Education functions and motivation
Is population explosion a boon or a curse? For
the European developed countries like Spain and
Italy, where the population is decreasing, this
might be considered as a boon. However, for the
developing countries like India, population
explosion is a curse and is damaging to the
development of the country and it’s society.
The literal meaning of population is “the
whole number of people or inhabitants in a
country or region”.
The literal meaning of population explosion
is “a sudden, large increase in the size and
number of population”.
In simple words, it could be defined as
increase in birth rates and decrease in
Population change = (Births + Immigration)
– (Deaths + Emigration).
Migration is the number of people moving in
(immigration) or out (emigration) of a
country, place or locality.
POPULATION GROWTH IN INDIA
According to 2001 census India's total population
has crossed 1,028,737,436 out of which
532,223,090 are males and females are
Of this number, 157,863,145 are children up to the
age of six years out of which 81,911,041 are
males and 75,952,104 are females.
According to the 15th Indian Census in 2011
spread across 29 states and 7 union territories that
covered 640 districts,5,767 tehsils,7,933 towns and
more than 600,000 villages.
Population Total 1,210,193,422
Literacy Total 74%
per km square 382
Hinduism 80.46% 79.80%
Islam 13.43% 14.23%
Christianity 2.34% 2.30%
Sikhism 1.87% 1.72%
Buddhism 0.77% 0.70%
Jainism 0.41% 0.37%
Population trends for major religious groups in
REASONS FOR THE POPULATION
The increase in birth rates due to medical
improvements and illiteracy.
The decrease in death rates due to better medical
facilities and advancements in the field of medicine.
Immigration to better developed countries due to
several reasons like better job opportunities, war,
and natural causes like hurricanes, earthquakes,
and so on.
REASONS FOR INCREASE IN
POPULATION IN INDIA
Illiteracy, traditions and cultural Norms.
Advanced medical treatments.
Migration plays an important role in the population
increase. However, in countries like India,
migration plays a big role in the population
EFFECTS OF POPULATION
Already India is containing 17.5%of the world’s
population.The current rate of population growth in
India is 1.2% and the total fertility rate is 2.1%.
Increase in Demand For Food Resources
Unemployment and Illiteracy
The technological development of India has lead not only to
medical advancements, but also to an increase in the number
of factories. That has lead to air and water pollution.
Increase in factories Increase in vehicles
Nowadays water pollution is also one of the increasing
problems due to the population explosion.
Major Pollutants are:
Pesticides and herbicides
Excessive organic matters like fertilizers.
INCREASE IN DEMAND FOR FOOD
Resources are always limited. And in a developing and
highly populous country like India, resources are even
scarcer. Population explosion results in the shortage of
even the most basic resources like food.
Increase in Deforestation for occupying land for day by day
increase in population .
For Agriculture For Urbanization
UNEMPLOYMENT AND ILLITERACY
Unemployment, or underemployment, further leads to poverty. This
again starts the vicious cycle of poverty and population explosion
discussed above. Poverty leads to an increase in the population,
because poverty leads people to produce more children to increase
the earning members of the family.
CONSEQUENCES OF RAPID POPULATION
1. Economic Consequence
2. Political Effects
3. Consequences for Education
4. Health, Welfare and Child Development
5. Environmental Deterioration
6. Security Problem
Family planning means planning by individuals or
couples to have the children when they want
them.This is responsible parenthood.
Family welfare programme includes not only
planning of births ,but they welfare of whole family
by means of total family health care.
The family welfare programme has high priority in
India, because its success depends upon the
quality of life of all citizen.
HISTORY OF FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME
It was started in the year 1951.
In 1977,the government of India redesignated the
“national family planning programme” as the “national
family programme”, and also changed the name of the
ministry of health and family planning to ministry of
health and family welfare.
India is the first country if the world, that implemented
the family welfare programme at government level.
CONCEPT OF FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME
The concept of welfare is basically related to quality
As such it includes education, nutrition, health,
employment, women’s welfare and rights, shelter,
safe drinking water-all vital factors associated with
the concept of welfare.
It is centrally sponsored programme. For this, the
states receive 100% assistance from central
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF FAMILY WELFARE
The government of India in the ministry of health
and family welfare have started the operational
aims and objectives of family welfare programme
To promote the adoption of small family size norm,
on the basis of voluntary acceptance.
To ensure adequate supply of contraceptives to all
eligible couples within easy each.
Using the means of mass communication and
interpersonal communication to overcome the
social and cultural hindrances in adopting the
programme or extensive use of public health
education for family planning.
EDUCATION FUNCTIONS AND MOTIVATION
Explaining the importance and necessity of family
planning to masses.
Using various techniques of teaching and communication
to propagate the message of family planning to common
Motivation the eligible couple to use contraceptives and
education them about its uses.
Motivating people for family planning.