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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the
relationship between parental devaluation and self-
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Men's versus Women's Self-Esteem: Influences of Childhood Trauma and Parental Devaluation

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Research presentation by Langston University students with Kamden Strunk on men's versus women's self-esteem, and the influence of childhood trauma and parental devaluation.

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Men's versus Women's Self-Esteem: Influences of Childhood Trauma and Parental Devaluation

  1. 1. Problem The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between parental devaluation and self- esteem among college students, and the role childhood trauma may play in this relationship. Of particular interest was the differential pattern of these associations among men and women. Method •Participants •College students (90 men, 134 women). •Recruited from two Midwestern state universities. •Mean Age was 21.39. •Instruments •Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Short Form (Bernstein, et al., 2003). •Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1986). •A Parent Devaluation Scale, which was written specifically for this study and showed good reliability (Alpha = .835) in the current sample. •This scale was modeled from the Rosenberg •We had to use the Rosenberg to inspire the tone and design for Parental Devaluation questions. •Parent scale acted as the mediating factor for the pathanalysis. •Showed the indirect relationship between physical,emotional, and sexual abuse as it indirectly effects parentdevaluation. •This scale has never been used before and was constructed for the purpose of this study only. Results •A path model was constructed with paths from childhood trauma: emotional abuse, sexual abuse and emotional neglect •Demonstrating direct and indirect influence on self- esteem •For men and women: •The research suggests that there are indirect influences of childhood trauma on self-esteem. •The path models are significantly different in the men versus women in this sample (Δχ26 = 16.522, p = .011). Thus, although childhood trauma influences perceived parent devaluation and self-esteem, and parent devaluation also directly influences self-esteem in both groups, the patterns of influence are significantly different Conclusions •Physical trauma, in this case sexual abuse, had a stronger influence for men. •Meanwhile emotional trauma, had a stronger influence for women, representing a pattern reversal. •The reasons that women’s perceptions were influenced more by emotional abuse while men’s were influenced more by sexual abuse. •Indicator that this should be explored in future research. For more information or a list of references, please contact fletcherk2@yahoo.com or kamden.strunk@okstate.edu •For men •sexual abuse and emotional neglect were associated with parent devaluation. •Sexual abuse had the strongest influence on self- esteem followed by parent devaluation, emotional neglect and finally emotional abuse. •For women: •emotional abuse and emotional neglect were associated with perception of parent devaluation •parent devaluation had the strongest influence on self-esteem followed by emotional neglect), emotional abuse and sexual abuse. Men’s versus Women’s Self-Esteem: Influences of Childhood Trauma and Parental Devaluation Kaiya Fletcher, Dontavius Robinson, Kamden K. Strunk, Yvonne K. Montgomery Emotional Abuse Sexual Abuse Emotional Neglect .739.406 .365 Parent Devaluation Self-Esteem .507 .435 -.342 -.166NS -.302 .687 -.142NS -.073NS .711 Men Emotional Abuse Sexual Abuse Emotional Neglect .513.421 .390 Parent Devaluation Self-Esteem .065NS .471 -.027NS -.170 -.438 .767 .209 -.138NS .784 Women Men Variable Direct Indirect Total Emotional Neglect -.166 -.131 -.298 Sexual Abuse -.342 -.153 -.495 Emotional Abuse -.073 .043 -.030 Parent Devaluation -.302 -.302 Women Variable Direct Indirect Total Emotional Neglect -170 -.206 -.376 Sexual Abuse -.027 -.028 -.056 Emotional Abuse -.138 -.091 -.229 Parent Devaluation -.438 -.438

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