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Textile industry analysis


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Basic Textile Industry Analysis

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Textile industry analysis

  1. 1. TEXTILE INDUSTRY ANALYSIS Prepared By: Kalyani Joshi Satish Jewani Dwayne Menezes Yash Trivedi
  2. 2. AGENDA  Industry Introduction & Overview  Company Overview  Porter’s Five Forces  PEST Analysis  RATIO Analysis  SWOT Analysis  Strategic Recommendations  References
  3. 3. Indian Textile Industry - Introduction  The Indian textile industry is one of the largest in the world.  Currently contributes to 27% of India`s total foreign exchange and to around 4% to the GDP of the country.  The industry employs more than 35 million people directly  The textile is the largest single industry in India, accounting for 20% of the industrial production.  Broader Classification of textile industry :-
  4. 4. OBSERVATION :-  Total global textiles exports was to the tune of US$ 772 billion in 2013, with India’s textiles exports at US$ 40 billion (5.2% market share)  The country's textile industry, is currently estimated at US$ 108 billion  The current industry size comprises domestic market of US$ 68 billion and exports of US$ 40 billion GLOBAL TRADE IN TEXTILE & CLOTHING SECTOR
  5. 5. VALUE CHAIN AND MAJOR SUPPLIERS •Raw material Fiber •Spinning & Twisting Yarn •Weaving & Knitting Grey Fabric •Bleaching Dyeing, Printing Finished Fabric •Designing (Make up) Garment •Retailing Final Consumer. Values in Billion US$ Country 2012 2013 % CHANGE China 97.83 108.97 11.39% EU(28) 30.26 31.87 5.31% India 19.94 22.14 11.06% United States 21.77 21.78 0.04% Germany 15.44 15.97 3.43% Italy 13.65 13.97 2.38% South Korea 13.66 13.81 1.11% Turkey 11.65 12.77 9.57% Taiwan 11.05 10.93 -1.06% Hong Kong 10.66 10.87 2.03% Pakistan 8.19 8.24 0.58% WORLD 323.34 337.73 4.45% OBSERVATION :-  The world export trade in Textiles reported a marginal growth of 4.45% rising from US$ 323.34 Bn to US$ 337.73 Bn.
  6. 6. COMPANY BUSINESS AREAS Welspun India Ltd Home Textile, Bathrobes, Terry Towels Vardhman Group. Yarn, Fabrics, Sewing Threads, Acrylinc Fiber. Raymond Ltd. Suiting ,Tailored Clothing, Denim, Shirting, Woolen Outwears Alok Industries Ltd. Home Textiles, Woven and Knitted apparels Fabric, Garments and Polyester yarn Arvind Mills. Spinning, Weaving , Processing and garment production (denims, shirting, khakis, knitwear) Bombay Dyeing & Manufacturing Company Ltd. Bed linen, Towels, Furnishings, Fabric for suits, shirts ,dresses & Saris in cotton and polyester blend. Garden Silk Mills Ltd. Dyed and Printed Fabric. Mafatlal Industries Ltd. Shirting, Poplins, Bottom wear Fabrics, volies. Aditya Birla Nuvo, a diversified conglomerate of Aditya Birla Group, comprising Three divisions— Madura Garments, Jayashree Textiles & Indian Rayon. Madura Garments- Lifestyle market (Louis Philippe, Van Heusen, Allen Solly, The collective) Jayashree Textiles- Domestic linen and worsted yarn Indian Rayon- Viscose filament yarn. ITC Lifestyle Lifestyle Market Reliance Industries Ltd Fabric and formal wears. Key Players in the Textile Industry
  7. 7. Raymond Apparel Ltd - Introduction  Recognized as the most respected textile company of India, Raymond limited is amongst the first three fully integrated manufacturers of worsted suiting in the world.  As the flag-bearer of the multi-product, multi-divisional Raymond group, it enjoys over 60% share of Indian worsted suiting market.  It produces 25 million meters of high value pure wool, wool blended and premium polyester viscose suiting in addition to half a million blankets and shawls, all marketed under the flagship brand “Raymond”-a worldwide trusted name since 1925.  It also produces and markets plush-velvet furnishing fabric in wide array of design and colors including carpeting for the niche markets of India and Middle East. Fashion Brands: Pioneer in creating and building homegrown Fashion brands
  8. 8. Raymond Apparel Ltd-Introduction  The company has a diverse product range of nearly 20,000 designs and color of suiting fabric.  They export there product to over 55 countries including USA, Canada, Europe, Japan and the Middle East.  The company has a revenue of more than US$ 230million (2013).  Their suiting`s are available in India in over 400 towns through 3,000 retailers as well as over 500 exclusive retail shop.  Raymond was ranked 23rd among India's most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2014 .
  9. 9. Porter’s Five Forces Competitive Rivalry –High Supplier Power - Low Threat of Substitution - High Buyer Power - Low Threat of New Entry - Moderate
  10. 10. Porter’s Five Forces  Threat of New Entrants: • Low barriers in the domestic market. • Economies of scale are high. • Brand identity of a company in this industry is high. • Capital requirements to establish a regional or a national level operation are high. • This industry is not lucrative. • The companies operating at the national level do manage to make economic profit but entry barriers at this stage are very high. • High capital requirement is not an issue for the international players and thus the entry of strong international brands in the domestic market is inevitable. • Thus the threat of new entrants is moderate.  Bargaining Power of Buyers: • High demand for apparels and home textiles in Us and Eu markets. • Product differences and brand identity are quite high. • Buyer concentration is very low. • Buyer volume is generally low. • Buyer information is high. • Ability to backward integrate is very low. • Thus the bargaining power of buyers are low.
  11. 11. Porter’s Five Forces  Bargaining Power of Suppliers : • High availability of cotton. • Low cost of labour. • Differentiation of input is pretty low. • Presence of substitute inputs to cotton like polyester , wool, lycra etc are present. • Importance of volume to suppliers is very high. • Cost relative to total purchases in industry is low. • Thus bargaining power of suppliers is low.  Threat of Substitutes: • Competition from low cost producing nations like Pakistan and Bangladesh. • The threat of substitution from the garments provided by the unorganized sector is high.  The Degree of Rivalry : • Fixed costs are high in this industry. • Product differences are high. • Brand identity is high. • Exit barriers are also high for the national level operations. • Thus the degree of rivalry in this industry is high.
  12. 12. PEST Analysis Political • The Government has announced the release of a subsidy of US$ 533.87 million for the textile industry. • Removal of trade related tariffs and non-tariff barriers in 2005 • The government has extended 10% capital subsidy and 5% interest subsidy on installation of machineries and for processing machinery. • A 41-member Working Group has also been announced to be set up with a National Fiber Policy, to ensure self-sufficiency in fiber consumption and export requirements in India. Economic • Indian textile industry contributes about 14% to industrial production, 4% to the country's gross domestic product (GDP) and 16.63% to export earnings. • Nearly 40% of the textiles produced in the country is exported and the textiles sector is the biggest employment generator after agriculture • The sector is expected to generate 12 million new jobs • Indian textiles and apparel exports, which is worth US$ 22 billion, is expected to register a four-fold increase to touch US$ 90 to 100 billion in the next 25 years.
  13. 13. PEST Analysis Social • The market for textile is growing as a whole as India’s population grows at about 1-2% annually. • Along with that, Raymond’s market segment of upper middle class and the high class segment is also growing due to higher disposable incomes. • The textile industry is mainly a labor intensive industry as it provides livelihood to the huge population, mainly consists of unskilled workers, and thus plays a pivotal role in the development of any economy. Technological • Since the textile industry is more labour intensive, technological factors do not affect it too much, however since the government extends 10% capital subsidy and 5% interest subsidy on installation of machineries and for processing machinery under the TUFS, the textile industry can easily make advancements in technology if it needs to. • Basic advancements in technology for the textile industry include improvements in machinery for computerized flat knitting and embroidering.
  14. 14. RATIO Analysis  Management Efficiency  Leverage and Liquidity  Profitability
  15. 15. 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 Inventory Turnover Debtors Turnover Current Ratio Quick Ratio Debt to Equity Raymond 3.93 5.05 1.63 0.75 1.13 Bombay Dyeing 2.65 12.88 0.77 0.18 0.73 Vardhama 4.80 7.64 2.35 0.60 0.92 Arvind 4.51 7.78 1.43 1.76 1.08 AxisTitle Management Efficiency, Liquidity and Leverage
  16. 16. 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% Return On Equity Return On Assets OP Margin NP Margin Raymond 6.47% 3.03% 12.89% 2.36% Bombay Dyeing 1.66% 0.96% 9.20% 0.92% Vardhama 24.44% 12.70% 23.68% 12.41% Arvind 11.00% 5.28% 14.38% 4.14% AxisTitle Profitability
  17. 17. Raymond – SWOT Analysis • Strong R&D for product innovations like dress shirts, shirting's, jeans wear, tailored clothing. • Loyalty of customers and high product quality • Loyalty of employees due to decentralization • Being MNC company, it has ability to attract large customers as compared to local companies • Owns 550 stores across 200 cities in India and overseas. Strengths • Global penetration is limited as compared to other international brands • Switching cost is low for customers since Indian and international firms offers large to customers • Weak supply chain management • Inconsistent execution Weaknesses • Collaboration with foreign players because of a national brand • Special offers for corporates and business institutions • Global expansion would give more opportunity for brand to grow Opportunities • Changing rules and regulations in the fabric industry • Increase in competition in domestic market due to large number of formal wear brands coming up • Regional trade alliances – All major players in the industry are competing with each other not only on low price but better quality. • Increase in social and ecological awareness , company will be in constant pressure to follow labor laws and environmental laws Threats
  18. 18. Strategic Recommendations  Women segment is relatively new, which is 35% of the total domestic market, this part of market should be focused upon.  Focus on accessories.  To expand to international markets-starting with areas with a sizable indian population.  To eliminate the philosophy that only the quality of the product will create demand and start brand building exercises for all the Raymond App ltd brands.  To increase the consistency of advertising and also increase the number of brands for which ads are run.
  19. 19. References 1. 2. 3. 4. textile-exports_650a_060214042527 5. textilesandapparel-august2013-130926012711-phpapp01 6. ANNUAL REPORT OF 2013-2014 OF TEXPROCIL. 7. REPORT BY CORPORATE CATALYST INDIA PVT LTD. 9.