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IIW-East Introduction to Identity Community


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This is a presentation was given as introduction to the Identity Community for IIW-East with the theme Open Identity for Open Government.

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IIW-East Introduction to Identity Community

  1. 1. IIW-East INTERNET IDENTITY WORKSHOP A WORKING GROUP OF IDENTITY COMMONS Open Identity for Open Government September 9th, 2010 Introduction to the Identity Community by Kaliya Hamlin @identitywoman
  2. 2. Who is IIW? Co-Founders Co-Producers Phil Kaliya Doc Windley Young Searls Hamlin Heidi Nobantu Saul IIW-East Production Co-Facilitation
  3. 3. 5 yrs of Face to DIDW Face MeetingsBurton Group IIW5 RSA IOS 4 2007 IIW 4 IOS 3 IOS 2 OSIS Interop 2 2006 IIW 3 Data Sharing Workshop DIDW RSA Burton Group IOS 1 OSIS Interop 1 2005 DIDW IIW 2 2004 DIDW IIW 1 2003 DIDW
  4. 4. 5 yrs of Face to DIDW Face Meetings Group Burton IIW 11 2010 RSA IIW-Europe DIDW IIW-East Burton Group IIW 10 2009 RSA IIW 9 DIDW IIW 8 Burton Group OSIS Interop5 RSA IIW 7 2008 OSIS Interop 4 IIW 6 Data Sharing Summit Data Sharing Workshop OSIS Interop 3
  5. 5. Peers and Relationships
  6. 6. Unconference Format
  7. 7. Container to Connect Various Efforts
  8. 8. Planetwork Loose Affiliations of People Evolution of Identity Community Link Tank FireFly Liberty Alliance Current Organizations Higgins Project SUN Oracle BT Microsoft Identity Lots of Companies Commons (1) Organizations (no longer) Passport XRI XDI Hailstorm SAML v1 & 2 Company Identity IBM Gang Proprietary Service (no longer) VENN OF IDENTITY Protocol standardized at OASIS Internet Identity OpenID Workshop v2 Protocol standardized at OASIS IMI Identity Metasystem OpenID earlier version (no longer) Interoperability Foundation TIME Information Card Standard Independent Open Protocol Information Card Independent Open Protocol Foundation Identity Commons (2) (no longer) Pamela Project Paper:Shared Understanding Kantara Intiative Project to be annouced at Event IIW Open Identity Exchange Project to be Project with Code annouced at IIW
  9. 9. Mission statements: • Identity Commons: Support, facilitate, and promote the creation of an open identity layer for the Internet, one that maximizes control, convenience, and privacy for the individual while encouraging the development of healthy, interoperable communities. • Information Card Foundation: Promote, protect, and enable the development of an open, trusted, interoperable, royalty-free identity layer for the Internet that maximizes control over personal information by individuals • OpenID Foundation: To foster and promote the development of, public access to, and adoption of OpenID as a framework for user-centric identity on the Internet; and To acquire, create, hold, and manage intellectual property related to OpenID and provide equal access to such intellectual property to the OpenID community and public at no charge. • Kantara Intiative: Foster identity community harmonization, interoperability, innovation, and broad adoption through the development of open identity specifications, operational frameworks, education programs, deployment and usage best practices for privacy- respecting, secure access to online services • Open Identity Exchange: Collecting aggregating, and distributing information regarding the identity-related services industry to businesses and other stakeholders in that industry in order to improve conditions in that industry by fostering innovation, market transparency, and identity-related product and service interoperability; Providing a neutral, open market registration system for participants in the identity-related services industry; • Data Portability Project: Data portability enables a borderless experience, where people can move easily between network services, reusing data they provide while controlling their privacy and respecting the privacy of others. Our Mission is to help people to use and protect the data they create on networked services, and to advocate for compliance with the values of DataPortability.
  10. 10. One of the main community organizations linking various efforts is Identity Commons. OIX Open ID PDX OSIS Open Source Key Foundation Identity System Information Group that who's Card home is at Identity Foundation IDMedia Commons Review XDI.ORG Data Independant Photo Nonprofit Portability Project Identity Group Organization Commons Kids Internet Identity Online Project at Workshop another organization Project Identity Schemas Identity VRM Gang Nick's Pamela Legacy EVENT Higgins Project ID-Legal Project
  11. 11. Broad Base of Participation SMALL COMPANY BIG COMPANY SPONSORS SPONSORS NONPROFIT SPONSORS MSFT FuGen Solutions ISOC PingID OUNO Kantara/Liberty Alliance CORPORATE PARTICIPANTS SUN Rel-ID Info Card Foundation Paypal Facebook Poken OASIS IDTrust Booz Allen Hamilton SMALL COMPANY Google Vidoop Mozilla Apple PATICIPANTS Yahoo Chimp Higgins Project Cisco Burton Group Authentrus Ångströ Bandit Project Hewlett Packared Digg, Inc. Plaxo Sxip Planetwork International Business Machines Privo Internet Society Commerce Net Intuit ClaimID Expensify Adobe LexisNexis NONPROFIT BT Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation FreshBooks PARTICIPANTS Novell Nokia Siemens Networks Gigya Center for Democracy and Facebook NRI Gluu Technology AOL Oracle Janrain DataPortability Project Ping Identity Orange Kynetx IdM Network Netherlands Paypal / eBay Rackspace NetMesh Inc. OCLC Radiant Logic Protiviti Open Forum Foundation World Economic Forum Sony Ericsson The MITRE Corporation IETF Socialtext TriCipher, Inc. UNIVERSITY PARTICIPANTS Tucows Inc VeriSign, Inc. W3C Trusted-ID Wave Systems Goldsmiths, University of London Newcastle University Stanford University Vodafone Group R &D Alcatel-Lucent OASIS Six Apart Acxiom Identity Solutions Acxiom Research GOVERNMENT PARTICIPANTS Equifax Office of the Chief Informaiton Office, Province of British Columbia LinkedIn Amazon and more...
  12. 12. Lots of Open Standards Information XRI/XDI Cards SAML
  13. 13. What do we Share? Shared History Shared Vision Shared Context Shared Language Shared Understanding Shared Technology Development
  14. 14. Shared History
  15. 15. SHARED EXPERIENCE in past wars THE Directory Wars of the 90s
  16. 16. SHARED EXPERIENCE in past wars Passport & Hailstorm vs
  17. 17. SHARED VISION for people’s identity on the scale of the web.
  18. 18. Freedom and Autonomy for People
  19. 19. Open Standards are Essential
  20. 20. No One Dominant Player
  21. 21. There will be a Big Bang With all new technologies there is a point at which new things start happening that the creators of the technology did not envision this is a big bang in identity.
  22. 22. Shared Context
  23. 23. CONTEXT For Shared Vision IDENTITY GANG! formed in 2004
  24. 24. CONTEXT For Shared Vision Early on the Identity Gang list was a critical forum for community collaboration it is still active here & many of the protocol efforts & foundations that have emerged have their own lists.
  25. 25. CONTEXT For Shared Vision The Identity Gang was probably one of the first technical communities to have a very active community blog life that complemented our mailing list conversations. Doc Searls played a critical role in getting almost all community members to blog in the early days of the community 2004-2005. There are several aggregated blogs you can go to get a sense of activity in the community. The Classic - A newer one under development -
  26. 26. CONTEXT For Shared Vision s Wiki forums were critical for sharing ideas and common language like the Lexicon
  27. 27. CONTEXT For Shared Vision Real Time Web Tools SEARCH These are newer mediums for collaboration and information sharing using #hashtags etc. to connect work.
  28. 28. Shared Language
  29. 29. SHARED LANGUAGE developed in Shared Context Identity Gang LEXICON (driven by Paul Trevithick) in August 2005 1.Agent 6. Entity 2.Claim 7. Identity Attribute 3.Claimant 8. Identity Context 4.Digital Identity 9. Party 5.Digital Identity Provider 10. Persona 6.Digital Subject 11. Relying Party
  30. 30. SHARED LANGUAGE developed in Shared Context Scott David’s chair of the ID-Legal group at Identity Commons and council to several of the organizations in this space is working with the American Bar Association to develop a meta lexicon across 35+ lexicons in related fields. “We have included 37 glossaries of terms and have over 1700 different definitions!  Most of the definitions are more security related than identity related, but they may prove useful to have them all together.”
  31. 31. Shared Understanding
  32. 32. SHARED UNDERSTANDING using shared language Laws of Identity Kim Cameron in May 2005
  33. 33. SHARED UNDERSTANDING using shared language Laws of Identity Kim Cameron in May 2005 1. User Control and Consent 2. Minimal Disclosure for a Constrained Use 3. Justifiable Parties 4. Directed Identity 5. Pluralism of Operators and Technologies 6. Human Integration 7. Consistent Experience Across Contexts
  34. 34. SHARED UNDERSTANDING using shared language A Bill of Rights for Users of the Social Web September 4, 2007 Authored by Joseph Smarr, Marc Canter, Robert Scoble, and Michael Arrington Preamble: There are already many who support the ideas laid out in this Bill of Rights, but we are actively seeking to grow the roster of those publicly backing the principles and approaches it outlines. That said, this Bill of Rights is not a document “carved in stone” (or written on paper). It is a blog post, and it is intended to spur conversation and debate, which will naturally lead to tweaks of the language. So, let’s get the dialogue going and get as many of the major stakeholders on board as we can! A Bill of Rights for Users of the Social Web We publicly assert that all users of the social web are entitled to certain fundamental rights, specifically: • Ownership of their own personal information, including: ◦ their own profile data ◦ the list of people they are connected to ◦ the activity stream of content they create; • Control of whether and how such personal information is shared with others; and • Freedom to grant persistent access to their personal information to trusted external sites. Sites supporting these rights shall: • Allow their users to syndicate their own profile data, their friends list, and the data that’s shared with them via the service, using a persistent URL or API token and open data formats; • Allow their users to syndicate their own stream of activity outside the site; • Allow their users to link from their profile pages to external identifiers in a public way; and • Allow their users to discover who else they know is also on their site, using the same external identifiers made available for lookup within the service.
  35. 35. SHARED UNDERSTANDING using shared language OECD Paper Properties of Identity At a Crossroads: "Personhood" and the Digital Identity in the Information Society
  36. 36. SHARED UNDERSTANDING using shared language Properties of Identity 1.Identity is social. 6.Identity is consequential. 2.Identity is subjective. 7.Identity is dynamic. 3.Identity is valuable. 8.Identity is contextual. 4.Identity is referential. 9.Identity is equivocal. 5.Identity is composite. OECD Paper At a Crossroads: "Personhood" and the Digital Identity in the Information Society The Properties of Identity were articulated by Bob Blakley, Jeff Broberg, Anthony Nadalin, Dale Olds, Mary Ruddy, Mary Rundle, and Paul Trevithick.
  37. 37. Shared Technology Development
  38. 38. SHARED UNDERSTANDING Identifiers Claims Single String Pairs A claim is by one party about Identifiers link things together another or itself. and enable correlation. It does not have to be linked to They can be endpoints on the an identifier. internet. Proving you are over 18 for example and not giving your real name.
  39. 39. the Evolution of the VENN
  40. 40. Eve’s diagram 1.0 and 2.0
  41. 41. Evolution of OpenID } OpenID v1 + Lightweight Identity LID + XRI / i-names + sxip v2
  42. 42. Evolution of SAML This diagram is from a presentation by Eve Maler given at IIW
  43. 43. Information Cards
  45. 45. the Evolution of Discovery
  46. 46. Evolution of Discovery XRDS --> XRD-Simple --> XRD (within XRI spec)
  47. 47. Hammer Stack Today
  48. 48. Protocol Family Tree XNS Current Organizations Organizations (no longer) XDI XRI XDI.ORG Event XRDS Internet Identity Independent Open Protocol Workshop Independent Open Protocol XRD #1 Oct 2005 i-names (no longer) Simple XRI Protocol standardized at OASIS YADIS OpenID Protocol standardized at OASIS earlier version (no longer) XRD v1 OpenID LID v2 sxip OpenID Web Foundation OpenID Finger v Next
  49. 49. Collaboration
  50. 50. OSIS Interop
  51. 51. 3rd Interop RSA Conference Spring 2007 European Identity Conference
  52. 52. Emerging Ideas
  53. 53. User Data Banks & Exchanges $ APPLICATIONS EXCHANGE REFINEMENT STORAGE ID + ENCRYPTION DATA + META DATA SOURCES Stack for User Data Banks - Marc Davis
  54. 54. Personal Data Store Ecology Open Standards based Personal Data Stores with people groups and businesses as first class objects on network. Will include full portability and a range of services.
  55. 55. Project VRM - 4th Parties
  56. 56. Challenges and Opportunities
  57. 57. How do all these technical protocols solve real problems?
  58. 58. How do we apply these technologies in different realms? Government Social Sites Ultimately it must work for “regular” people Businesses Organizations
  59. 59. Usability? Different Contexts
  60. 60. What are the emerging legal frameworks to protect & empower end-users?
  61. 61. How does identity work between them? TECHNOLOGY SOCIAL ? BUSINESS LEGAL
  62. 62. Where are we going? Open Identity for Open Government covered in the next presentation by Mary Ruddy
  63. 63. IIW-East INTERNET IDENTITY WORKSHOP A WORKING GROUP OF IDENTITY COMMONS Open Identity for Open Government Kaliya Young Hamlin @identitywoman