Condoms, Diaphragms, And Pills Oh

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  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the cancer research agency of WHO, in its press release of the 29th of July 2005, informed of the publication of Monograph 91 on the carcinogenicity of combined estrogen-progestogen oral contraceptives (COC) and combined estrogen-progestogen menopausal therapy (HRT), based on the conclusions of an international Working Group of 21 scientists from 8 countries. Please see
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Condoms, Diaphragms, And Pills Oh

  1. 1. Condoms, Diaphragms, and Pills- Oh My!!! An Introduction to Contraceptive Methods The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106
  2. 2. What Exactly is a Contraceptive Method??? • Contraceptive Methods, also known as Birth Control, are techniques used to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. • There are 3 types of contraceptive methods: – Behavioral – Barrier – Hormonal
  3. 3. How Do I Pick the Right Contraceptive Method??? • Visit your health care provider for prescription contraceptives. • Some contraceptive methods, such as foam and condoms are available at drug stores.
  4. 4. The Female Reproductive System
  5. 5. The Male Reproductive System
  6. 6. Abstinence • Not having sexual intercourse. • It is free and it prevents sexually transmitted infections. • 100% effective against pregnancy.
  7. 7. Spermicides • Kills sperm • Does not require a prescription. • Can be messy. • Comes is different types: – Foams – Creams – Jellies – Film
  8. 8. Male Condoms • Worn on a man’s penis. • Catches ejaculated sperm. • Effectiveness • Better if used with spermicide. • Use with Water- Based Lubes
  9. 9. Female Condoms • Worn in the woman’s vagina. • Prevents sperm from reaching the uterus. • Made with polyurethane. – It’s stronger than latex condoms.
  10. 10. Diaphragms • Is a circular, dome- shaped piece of thin rubber cup that covers the cervix. • How to use one • Tag team with spermicide • Effectiveness – About 50-80% • You must get fitted by a doctor.
  11. 11. Cervical Caps • It is placed in the vagina and it fits snugly on the cervix. • It can be retained in the vagina for 48 hours. • Effectiveness – About 70-85% • It’s only available by prescription – You have to be fitted
  12. 12. The Cervical Shield • The shield works just like the diaphragm and cervical cap for preventing pregnancy. • The shield is only available with a prescription. • Effectiveness – About 50-80%
  13. 13. The Sponge • This method of contraception was re- approved by the FDA in 2005. • The sponge contains the spermicide nonoxynol-9. • It is placed in the vagina and sits below the cervix. • You can buy the sponge from a drug store • Effectiveness – About 50-75%
  14. 14. Implanon • Implanon is a relatively new form of birth control. • Implanon is effective for 3 years once inserted. • Effectiveness – No one has become pregnant from using Implanon. – However no birth control method is 100% effective aside from abstinence.
  15. 15. IUD- The Intrauterine Device • A small, "T-shaped" contraceptive devices made of flexible plastic. • IUDs work by preventing sperm from joining with an egg by affecting the way they move. • Effectiveness • Side effects
  16. 16. The Pill • The pill contains synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones. • The pill works by preventing ovulation and also thickens cervical mucus. • There are three types of birth control pills. • Monophasic • Triphasic/Combination • POP Pills • When taken correctly, the pill is 95% effective in preventing pregnancy. • The pill does have side effects.
  17. 17. The Shot: Depo-Provera • Depo-Provera is a contraceptive shot given every three months. • How it works. – It stops ovulation • Effectiveness – About 95% • Side Effects • How to get it. – Only available by prescription.
  18. 18. The Vaginal Ring: NuvaRing • A small, flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina • How it works. • Effectiveness • How to get it
  19. 19. The Patch: Otho Evra • The patch is worn on the skin of the buttocks, stomach, upper outer arm, or upper torso • How it works • Side effects • How to get one • Who can use it
  20. 20. Emergency Contraceptives • Emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. • Where to get it • How to use it. • Effectiveness • Side effects • Emergency contraception should not be used as a regular form of birth control.
  21. 21. Sterilization-Female • Female sterilization, also known as tubal ligation, involves cutting or tying the fallopian tubes. • Tubal Ligation makes it impossible for the egg to move down the fallopian tube toward the uterus. • Tubal Ligation is 100% effective in preventing pregnancy. • Tubal Ligation is irreversible
  22. 22. Sterilization- Male • Male sterilization, a vasectomy, is where the mans vas deferens (a tube that carries ejaculate and sperm) is cut and tied to prevent sperm production. • A vasectomy is 100% effective after a man has an ejaculate that has no sperm present. • A vasectomy is reversible.
  23. 23. Other Methods • Withdrawal • Douching • Rhythm Method/ Fertility Awareness Planning
  24. 24. Cost of Birth Control vs. Cost of Having a Baby • Abstinence: Free • Male Condoms: $4-12 for • Fertility Awareness: Free 6 • Withdrawal: Free • Female Condom: $2.50 • Depo Shot : $16.66/month each • NuvaRing: $30-40/month • Diaphragm/Cervical Caps and Shields: $13-24/year • Birth Control Pills: $20- 50/month • The Sponge: $15/box of 3 • Emergency Contraction: $8-• Spermicide: $8-17/ tube 25 single use • Sterilization: $1500-6000 IT COSTS ABOUT $10,000 TO TAKE CARE OF A BABY FOR 1 YEAR!!!
  25. 25. Keep in Mind… • The same birth control method your friend is using may not be the right method for you. • Only abstinence and condoms prevent the spread of STIs. • Talk to you health care professional, health educator, or go the your local Free Clinic for questions concerning contraceptive methods. • Always remember, you are in control of your own health and well being.
  26. 26. Places to Get Birth Control in Cleveland Area • The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (216) 721-4010 • Family Planning Services of Lorain County 602 Leona St. Elyria, Ohio 44035 (440) 322-7526
  27. 27. Planned Parenthood • East Cleveland Health Center • Old Brooklyn Health Center 1835 Forest Hill Boulevard 3311 Broadview Road Cleveland, OH 44112 Cleveland, OH 44109 (216) 851-1880 (216) 661-0400 • Shaker Height Health Center • Bedford Health Center Shaker West Professional 19550 Rockside Road Building located at 11811 Shaker Bedford, OH 44146 Boulevard, Ste. 210 (440) 232-8381 or 1-800-230- Cleveland, OH 44120 PLAN (216) 707-6907 Or Call 1-800-230-PLAN to find a Planned Parenthood in your area
  28. 28. References • Hyde, J & DeLameter. Understanding Human Sexuality. McGraw Hill Publishing, New York: 2003 • www.plannedparenthood.org • www.webmd.com • www.teenwire.com
  29. 29. Condoms, Diaphragms, and Pills- Oh My!!! An Introduction to Contraceptive Methods The Free Medical Clinic of Greater Cleveland 12201 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, Ohio 44106

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