The Digital Library from Information Superhighway to the Semiotic Web   <ul><ul><li>Suzanne C. Pilsk   </li></ul></ul><ul>...
 
The Scarecrow <ul><ul><li>Dedicated Terminals vs. the Personal Computer </li></ul></ul>
Dedicated Terminal <ul><li>Proprietary </li></ul><ul><li>Single function </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>The...
The Personal Computer <ul><li>Client/server paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-use </li></ul><ul><li>Open (as defined by Mic...
 
Munchkinland <ul><ul><li>Early Internet Experiments </li></ul></ul>
Finger <ul><li>Weather Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the status of the Coke machine down the hall </li></ul>“ Fing...
Anonymous FTP <ul><li>Transfer of large file sets that the user could reassemble </li></ul><ul><li>Mastering the art of sp...
Telnet <ul><li>Fast, even with a “slow” Internet connection (the remember 2400 baud modem?) </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient (t...
Gopher <ul><li>The first widely accepted Internet “publishing” tool </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian friendly (who doesn’t love...
LC MARVEL <ul><li>L ibrary of  C ongress </li></ul><ul><li>M achine </li></ul><ul><li>A ssisted </li></ul><ul><li>R ealiza...
SI Library Gopher: SILENUS ? <ul><li>S mithsonian </li></ul><ul><li>I nstitution </li></ul><ul><li>L ibraries </li></ul><u...
 
Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online <ul><li>Dewey to LC classification (ca. 1965) </li></ul><ul><li>Input of da...
Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
 
The Cowardly Lion <ul><ul><li>Communication is King of the Jungle! </li></ul></ul>
Communication is King <ul><li>Bulletin Boards : in the early days of the personal computer, one of the wonders of having a...
<ul><li>Email : the next step was direct communication with others in a nearly asynchronous manner. Soon the ubiquitous “@...
<ul><li>GEAC Mail : Many of our fist experiences with email were not the global email we’re used to today, but instead, in...
<ul><li>BITNet : BITNet hit the Smithsonian around 1988 and suddenly email went beyond the walls of the library (SI used t...
<ul><li>Webmail : Now, with web accessible email, email systems are available on any web enabled PC, and of course, cell p...
<ul><li>Listservs : with “beyond the walls” email, the world of listserv where, again, communities coud form simply by typ...
<ul><li>BLOGS : and now, here we are again. How many of you have participated in some sort of BLOG? Once again we see the ...
 
Deadly Poppy Fields of Jargon  From  Smithsonian Libraries On Display: Seed Catalogs
Deadly Poppy Fields of Jargon <ul><li>Firewall </li></ul><ul><li>Surfing </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul><ul><li>Link rot...
Taxomony  <ul><li>Merriam Webster Online </li></ul><ul><li>1) The study of the general principles of scientific classifica...
Deadly Poppy Fields of Jargon <ul><li>Cataloging </li></ul><ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Thesauri </li></ul><ul...
Dublin Core Metadata
Open Archives Initiative
<ul><li>Open  = Not Supported </li></ul><ul><li>Archives = Means “Repository” </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative = Yet Not Ready...
 
MARC and METS and MODS
MARC
MARC XML
MODS
Oh My! http://mapageweb.umontreal.ca/turner/meta/english/indexacroeng.html
 
The Emerald City of Oz <ul><ul><li>Building and Maintaining the Library Website </li></ul></ul>
The Library Website <ul><li>Mosaic marries graphics, text, and the hyper text transfer protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Informat...
The Library Website
The Library Website
The Library Website
The Library Website
The Library Website
The Library Website
The Library Website
The Library Website
The Library Website <ul><li>The “public site” </li></ul><ul><li>The “library staff site” </li></ul><ul><li>The “scholars’ ...
 
The Search for the Wicked Witch <ul><ul><li>Internet on Your Desk: A Long Hard Battle </li></ul></ul>
Internet on Your Desk: A Long Hard Battle <ul><li>“ I don’t see why any one needs access to the internet at their offices ...
Internet on Your Desk: A Long Hard Battle
 
The Discovery of Oz, the Terrible <ul><ul><li>Taking Content Online </li></ul></ul>
Taking Content Online <ul><li>The Library Catalog </li></ul><ul><li>Citation Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Full-text Databas...
Taking Content Online <ul><li>ASCII text </li></ul><ul><li>HTML </li></ul><ul><li>SGML </li></ul><ul><li>EAD </li></ul><ul...
The Discovery of Oz, the Terrible You see Scarecrow, you always had content, you just need acronyms!
Library Science vs. Rocket Science <ul><li>Case Study: “Sewing Machines: Historical Trade Literature in Smithsonian Collec...
Library Science vs. Rocket Science <ul><li>Case Study: NASA Mars Climate Orbiter (1999) - The peer review preliminary find...
 
The Magic Art of the Great Humbug <ul><ul><li>The Changing Position Title </li></ul></ul>
The Changing Position Title <ul><li>Deck Attendant </li></ul><ul><li>Collections Improvement Assistant </li></ul><ul><li>I...
The Changing Position Title <ul><li>Information Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Cataloger </li></...
<ul><li>Cybrarian </li></ul><ul><li>Webmaster </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata Mistress </li...
 
Where’s Toto? <ul><ul><li>Building the Digital Yellow Brick Road   </li></ul></ul>
 
The Digital Library from Information Superhighway to the Semiotic Web   <ul><ul><li>Suzanne C. Pilsk   </li></ul></ul><ul>...
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The Digital Library from Information Superhighway to the Semiotic Web

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Presentation given at Computers in Libraries (Washington, DC), March 10, 2004 by Martin Kalfatovic and Suzanne Pilsk

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  • Second introduction by Martin and Suzanne
  • The Digital Library from Information Superhighway to the Semiotic Web

    1. 1. The Digital Library from Information Superhighway to the Semiotic Web <ul><ul><li>Suzanne C. Pilsk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin R. Kalfatovic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Libraries </li></ul></ul>
    2. 3. The Scarecrow <ul><ul><li>Dedicated Terminals vs. the Personal Computer </li></ul></ul>
    3. 4. Dedicated Terminal <ul><li>Proprietary </li></ul><ul><li>Single function </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>The vendor’s dream machine </li></ul>
    4. 5. The Personal Computer <ul><li>Client/server paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-use </li></ul><ul><li>Open (as defined by Microsoft) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates and Andy Groves’ dream machine </li></ul>
    5. 7. Munchkinland <ul><ul><li>Early Internet Experiments </li></ul></ul>
    6. 8. Finger <ul><li>Weather Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the status of the Coke machine down the hall </li></ul>“ Finger” is a simple protocol used to retrieve information about users and return the information in a simple string
    7. 9. Anonymous FTP <ul><li>Transfer of large file sets that the user could reassemble </li></ul><ul><li>Mastering the art of spelling “A-N-O-N-Y-M-U-S” </li></ul>Though still useful for various technical operations, as an “end-user” Internet experience, Anonymous FTP’s life is at an end
    8. 10. Telnet <ul><li>Fast, even with a “slow” Internet connection (the remember 2400 baud modem?) </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient (the telnet client was usually quite “lite”) </li></ul><ul><li>Blinking white letters on a black screen! </li></ul>
    9. 11. Gopher <ul><li>The first widely accepted Internet “publishing” tool </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian friendly (who doesn’t love a strict hierarchy of information?) </li></ul><ul><li>Acronym friendly </li></ul>
    10. 12. LC MARVEL <ul><li>L ibrary of C ongress </li></ul><ul><li>M achine </li></ul><ul><li>A ssisted </li></ul><ul><li>R ealization (of the) </li></ul><ul><li>V irtual </li></ul><ul><li>E lectronic </li></ul><ul><li>L ibrary </li></ul>
    11. 13. SI Library Gopher: SILENUS ? <ul><li>S mithsonian </li></ul><ul><li>I nstitution </li></ul><ul><li>L ibraries </li></ul><ul><li>E lectronic </li></ul><ul><li>N ode (of) </li></ul><ul><li>U seful </li></ul><ul><li>S tuff </li></ul>
    12. 15. Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
    13. 16. Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
    14. 17. Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
    15. 18. Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
    16. 19. Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
    17. 20. Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online <ul><li>Dewey to LC classification (ca. 1965) </li></ul><ul><li>Input of data into OCLC (1974) </li></ul><ul><li>GEAC (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>NOTIS – TELNET (1994) </li></ul><ul><li>Web access to the catalog (1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Horizon (1998-1999) </li></ul>
    18. 21. Rescue of the Tin Woodman: Libraries Go Online
    19. 23. The Cowardly Lion <ul><ul><li>Communication is King of the Jungle! </li></ul></ul>
    20. 24. Communication is King <ul><li>Bulletin Boards : in the early days of the personal computer, one of the wonders of having a computer in your home was the ability to plug an acoustic coupler into the machine and snug your telephone handset into the device and connect to a bulletin board. Bulletin boards allowed communities to form around topics, buy and sell things </li></ul>
    21. 25. <ul><li>Email : the next step was direct communication with others in a nearly asynchronous manner. Soon the ubiquitous “@” became a regular part of our language. </li></ul>Communication is King
    22. 26. <ul><li>GEAC Mail : Many of our fist experiences with email were not the global email we’re used to today, but instead, in-house or system dependant “electronic messaging systems”. </li></ul>Communication is King
    23. 27. <ul><li>BITNet : BITNet hit the Smithsonian around 1988 and suddenly email went beyond the walls of the library (SI used that now primitive IBM system, PROFS, I still remember my BITNet email: libem071@sivm. </li></ul>Communication is King
    24. 28. <ul><li>Webmail : Now, with web accessible email, email systems are available on any web enabled PC, and of course, cell phones and PDAs </li></ul>Communication is King
    25. 29. <ul><li>Listservs : with “beyond the walls” email, the world of listserv where, again, communities coud form simply by typing “sub me listserv x”. Communication became a “Push Technology” where people’s opinions, thoughts, questions, and even rants (remember “flame wars”?) came into our in box. </li></ul>Communication is King
    26. 30. <ul><li>BLOGS : and now, here we are again. How many of you have participated in some sort of BLOG? Once again we see the concept of the bulletin boards rising in the form of the BLOG. </li></ul>Communication is King
    27. 32. Deadly Poppy Fields of Jargon From Smithsonian Libraries On Display: Seed Catalogs
    28. 33. Deadly Poppy Fields of Jargon <ul><li>Firewall </li></ul><ul><li>Surfing </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul><ul><li>Link rot </li></ul><ul><li>Burn </li></ul><ul><li>Web Master </li></ul><ul><li>Rip </li></ul><ul><li>Zip and Unzip </li></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><li>Java </li></ul><ul><li>Googling </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>HTML </li></ul><ul><li>XML </li></ul><ul><li>Taxomony </li></ul>
    29. 34. Taxomony <ul><li>Merriam Webster Online </li></ul><ul><li>1) The study of the general principles of scientific classification : systematics </li></ul><ul><li>2) Classification; especially : orderly classification of plants and animals according to their presumed natural relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Webopedia </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy is the way it organizes its data into categories and subcategories, sometimes displayed in a site map </li></ul><ul><li>InformationWeek </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy-creation tools that scan documents and suggest logical categories based on common themes that occur across an organization's data </li></ul>
    30. 35. Deadly Poppy Fields of Jargon <ul><li>Cataloging </li></ul><ul><li>Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Thesauri </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Schemas </li></ul><ul><li>Ontologies </li></ul>
    31. 36. Dublin Core Metadata
    32. 37. Open Archives Initiative
    33. 38. <ul><li>Open = Not Supported </li></ul><ul><li>Archives = Means “Repository” </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative = Yet Not Ready </li></ul>Open Archives Initiative
    34. 40. MARC and METS and MODS
    35. 41. MARC
    36. 42. MARC XML
    37. 43. MODS
    38. 44. Oh My! http://mapageweb.umontreal.ca/turner/meta/english/indexacroeng.html
    39. 46. The Emerald City of Oz <ul><ul><li>Building and Maintaining the Library Website </li></ul></ul>
    40. 47. The Library Website <ul><li>Mosaic marries graphics, text, and the hyper text transfer protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Information becomes less linear and more relational </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians become graphic designers (ack!) </li></ul>
    41. 48. The Library Website
    42. 49. The Library Website
    43. 50. The Library Website
    44. 51. The Library Website
    45. 52. The Library Website
    46. 53. The Library Website
    47. 54. The Library Website
    48. 55. The Library Website
    49. 56. The Library Website <ul><li>The “public site” </li></ul><ul><li>The “library staff site” </li></ul><ul><li>The “scholars’ portal” </li></ul><ul><li>The “Intranet site” </li></ul><ul><li>The “fully customizable with features that only I can find and find useful site” </li></ul>
    50. 58. The Search for the Wicked Witch <ul><ul><li>Internet on Your Desk: A Long Hard Battle </li></ul></ul>
    51. 59. Internet on Your Desk: A Long Hard Battle <ul><li>“ I don’t see why any one needs access to the internet at their offices or in the library because they can come to the central Smithsonian computer office and use it there. What would they be doing on this “internet”?” </li></ul>
    52. 60. Internet on Your Desk: A Long Hard Battle
    53. 62. The Discovery of Oz, the Terrible <ul><ul><li>Taking Content Online </li></ul></ul>
    54. 63. Taking Content Online <ul><li>The Library Catalog </li></ul><ul><li>Citation Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Full-text Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Collections </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Books </li></ul><ul><li>Online Exhibitions </li></ul>
    55. 64. Taking Content Online <ul><li>ASCII text </li></ul><ul><li>HTML </li></ul><ul><li>SGML </li></ul><ul><li>EAD </li></ul><ul><li>XHTML </li></ul><ul><li>XML </li></ul>
    56. 65. The Discovery of Oz, the Terrible You see Scarecrow, you always had content, you just need acronyms!
    57. 66. Library Science vs. Rocket Science <ul><li>Case Study: “Sewing Machines: Historical Trade Literature in Smithsonian Collections” - inches and centimeter mix up leads to confusion </li></ul>
    58. 67. Library Science vs. Rocket Science <ul><li>Case Study: NASA Mars Climate Orbiter (1999) - The peer review preliminary findings indicate that one team used English units (e.g., inches, feet and pounds) while the other used metric units for a key spacecraft operation. </li></ul>
    59. 69. The Magic Art of the Great Humbug <ul><ul><li>The Changing Position Title </li></ul></ul>
    60. 70. The Changing Position Title <ul><li>Deck Attendant </li></ul><ul><li>Collections Improvement Assistant </li></ul><ul><li>ILL Technician </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Information Access Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Projects Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Head, New Media Office </li></ul>
    61. 71. The Changing Position Title <ul><li>Information Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Cataloger </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata Specialist </li></ul>
    62. 72. <ul><li>Cybrarian </li></ul><ul><li>Webmaster </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Metadata Mistress </li></ul>The Changing Position Title
    63. 74. Where’s Toto? <ul><ul><li>Building the Digital Yellow Brick Road </li></ul></ul>
    64. 76. The Digital Library from Information Superhighway to the Semiotic Web <ul><ul><li>Suzanne C. Pilsk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin R. Kalfatovic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Libraries </li></ul></ul>

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