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Managing Scholarly Research Output
The Smithsonian Institution Experience
An Introduction to Smithsonian Research Online
M...
ADVANCING KNOWLEDGE AT HOME AND AROUND THE WORLD
Visit us at library.si.edu
Alvin Hutchinson
Richard
Naples
Scott Miller
S...
19 Museums, 9 Research Centers,
171 Affiliates Around the World
7 Art Museums/Galleries
1 Art Research Center
•
• 9 Hist...
156 Million Objects & Specimens
Anacostia Community Museum Library
National Air and Space Museum Library
National Museum of African American History & Cul...
Supporting
Research
Taxonomy
library.si.edu
Supporting
Research
Ecology
Supporting
Research
Keeping Pandas Alive
Olinguito
(Bassaricyon neblina)
First carnivore species
discovered in Americas
in 35 years.
library.si.edu
Scholarly Communications
SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING
EXPONENTIAL GROWTH OF ARTICLES
Global scientific output
doubles every nine years
Source: http://blogs...
SMITHSONIAN SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING
WHAT WE HAVE IN RESEARCH ONLINE
library.si.edu
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Thousands
Gro...
SMITHSONIAN RESEARCH ONLINE
RESEARCH.SI.EDU
 80K records
1843-present
 25K records
2006-present
 75% of recent have DOI...
library.si.edu
Institutional
Repository
Digital Repository
- Mostly PDF but also
metadata, datasets,
mobi/epub
repository....
library.si.edu
Staff Pages
data reuse
SCIENCE
HISTORY &
CULTURE
ART
OTHER
What We Publish
Lots of Science, sure.
But enough of the “other
stuff” to cause
headac...
NATURAL
HISTORY
MUSEUM
ASTROPHYSICAL
OBSERVATORY
TROPICAL
RESEARCH
INSTITUTE
NATIONAL
ZOO
ENVIRONMENTAL
RESEARCH CENTER
MU...
AIR & SPACE
MUSEUM
AMERICAN
HISTORY
MUSEUM
POSTAL
MUSEUM
FOLKLIFE
AMERICAN
INDIAN
ANACOSTIA
AFRICAN AMERICAN
HISTORY AND C...
AMERICAN ART MUSEUM
FREER & SACKLER
PORTRAIT GALLERY
COOPER HEWITT
HIRSHHORN
AFRICAN
ART
350 Art publications since 2012
A...
SCHOLARLY
PRESS
CASTLE
OFFICE OF
POLICY &
ANALYSIS
ARCHIVES
SMITHSONIAN
LIBRARIES
GARDENS
Other Publications in
Research O...
WEB OF
SCIENCE
8.4K
RESEARCH
ONLINE
11.8K
OVERLAP ?
5K
(MATCH ON DOI)
Web of Science
vs. Research
Online
Much of our publi...
Research
Areas
InCites
library.si.edu
Research
Areas
InCites
(excluding
Smithsonian
Astrophysical
Observatory)
library.si.edu
Capturing Scholarly
Communications: Workflow
Research Online Workflow
Manual Entry &
Bulk Uploads
Webform
submissions
REPOSITORY.SI.EDU
RESEARCH.SI.EDU
PROFILES.SI.EDU...
library.si.edu
Public Access
Workflow
Bibliometrics
Our Big Questions:
• Metrics: How do we
measure use and impact?
• Our workflows: How to we
capture and analyze data?
• Doc...
Bibliometrics in Service of ..
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
 Explain metrics that
are available and
commonly used
...
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
More in-depth – impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecos...
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
Impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems
 Can sho...
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
Impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems
 Charts ...
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
 Relying on existing tools like InCites (Clarivate) is...
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
Impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems
 InCites...
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
Smithsonian’s 9 Research Centers – Articles in top publ...
BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
REPORTING EXAMPLES
library.si.edu
Sci2 - https://sci2.cns.iu.edu/
Strategic Planning – Ne...
Bibliometrics: Some Tools
TOOLS AT THE SMITHSONIAN
WHAT WE HAVE AVAILABLE
 Smithsonian Research Online – our research
bibliography & digital reposi...
DATA TOOLS
RESOURCES
 Notepad++, SublimeText, and other text editors
 Excel – (where I’m most comfortable)
 Microsoft A...
BASIC VISUALIZATION TOOLS
RESOURCES
 Excel – (chart chooser at labs.juiceanalytics.com has nice
templates)
 Visualizatio...
BIBLIOMETRIC TOOLS
RESOURCES
 For Google Scholar – Publish or Perish, Scholarometer
(www.harzing.com/resources/publish-or...
Bibliometrics: Use Case
Smithsonian Environmental Research
Center
library.si.edu
SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER
UNDERSTANDING ECOSYSTEMS FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
serc.si.edu
Che...
 Web of Science’s citation report
SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER
 Word Co-occurrence - VOSviewer.com
SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER
 Co-Author Network – Sci2
SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER
Altmetrics … a brief note
WHAT IS ALTMETRIC?
THE COMPANY, NOT THE CONCEPT
library.si.edu
Altmetric (not plural) is a Digital Science company that
tr...
ALTMETRIC – THE COMPANY
WHAT THEY OFFER & WHY WE CHOSE THEM
library.si.edu
Altmetric tracks 10.6 million outputs. Of these...
TRACKING RESEARCH
HOW ALTMETRICS WORK
library.si.edu
IDENTIFIER
Like a DOI, PMID,
URI, etc. attached
to the output
SOURCE
...
ALTMETRIC SOURCES
WHAT OUTLETS ALTMETRIC.COM WATCHES
library.si.edu
OUTPUT
News outlets &
Blogs
• Over 2000 news
sites
• G...
ALTMETRIC ATTENTION SCORE
WHAT INFLUENCES THE SCORE
library.si.edu
OUTPUT
VOLUME
SCORES RISE
AS MENTIONS
INCREASE
SOURCES
...
THE ALTMETRIC BADGE
WHAT EACH COLOR IN THE DONUT REPRESENTS
library.si.edu
Altmetric
Explorer
data reuse
library.si.edu
Top Altmetric-
scoring Publications
Altmetric Explorer
library.si.edu
Top Altmetric-
scoring Publications
Altmetric Explorer
library.si.edu
Top Altmetric-
scoring Publications
Altmetric Explorer
Profiles: Bringing it all Together?
library.si.edu
Smithsonian
Profiles
An expertise
locator using the
VIVO software
library.si.edu
Smithsonian
Profiles
An expertise
locator using the
VIVO software
library.si.edu
Smithsonian
Profiles
An expertise
locator using the
VIVO software
library.si.edu
Smithsonian
Profiles
An expertise
locator using the
VIVO software
library.si.edu
Smithsonian
Profiles
An expertise
locator using the
VIVO software
library.si.edu
Smithsonian
Profiles
An expertise
locator using the
VIVO software
Mpala in Smithsonian Research
Online
Mpala in Smithsonian Research Online
library.si.edu
The following publications
reside in the Smithsonian
Research Bibliogr...
Mpala in Smithsonian Research Online
library.si.edu
In Closing ...
Most research organizations, as well as
agencies who regulate research, are struggling
with the challenges of tracking and...
The library community is working to help
researchers, administrators, funders,
and others understand the value of the
rese...
Perhaps most importantly, helping the
general public understand the broader
societal impacts of scholarly research
may cre...
Questions?
ADVANCING KNOWLEDGE AT HOME AND AROUND THE WORLD
Visit us at library.si.edu
Asante Sana!
ADVANCING KNOWLEDGE AT HOME AND AROUND THE WORLD
Visit us at library.si.edu
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Managing Scholarly Research Output The Smithsonian Institution Experience: An Introduction to Smithsonian Research Online

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Managing Scholarly Research Output The Smithsonian Institution Experience: An Introduction to Smithsonian Research Online. Martin R. Kalfatovic with Alvin Hutchinson and Richard Naples. Mpala Research Centre and Wildlife Foundation, Laikipia County, Kenya. 22 May 2017.

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Managing Scholarly Research Output The Smithsonian Institution Experience: An Introduction to Smithsonian Research Online

  1. 1. Managing Scholarly Research Output The Smithsonian Institution Experience An Introduction to Smithsonian Research Online Martin R. Kalfatovic Richard Naples and Alvin Hutchinson Mpala Research Centre and Wildlife Foundation 22 May 2017 | Laikipia County, Kenya
  2. 2. ADVANCING KNOWLEDGE AT HOME AND AROUND THE WORLD Visit us at library.si.edu Alvin Hutchinson Richard Naples Scott Miller Suzanne Pilsk Thanks to these Smithsonian Staff for assistance in this presentation
  3. 3. 19 Museums, 9 Research Centers, 171 Affiliates Around the World 7 Art Museums/Galleries 1 Art Research Center • • 9 History & Culture Museums • 3 History & Culture Programs • • 2 Science Museums • 5 Science Research Centers • • 2 Other (Castle & A&I) Museums • 2 Other Research Centers AND MORE! The 3 History & Culture programs are Center for Folklife, Smithsonian Latino Center, and Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center
  4. 4. 156 Million Objects & Specimens
  5. 5. Anacostia Community Museum Library National Air and Space Museum Library National Museum of African American History & Culture Library National Museum of American History Library National Postal Museum Library Smithsonian Institution Libraries Research Annex The Vine Deloria, Jr. Library, National Museum of the American Indian History and Culture Smithsonian American Art / Portrait Gallery Library Cooper-Hewitt Smithsonian Design Library Freer and Sackler Galleries Library Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Library Warren M. Robbins Library, National Museum of African Art Art and Design Botany and Horticulture Library John Wesley Powell Library of Anthropology Museum Support Center Library National Museum of Natural History Library National Zoological Park Library Smithsonian Environmental Research Center Library Earl Tupper Library, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Sciences Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology Joseph F. Cullman 3rd Library of Natural History Special Collections library.si.edu Smithsonian Libraries
  6. 6. Supporting Research Taxonomy library.si.edu
  7. 7. Supporting Research Ecology
  8. 8. Supporting Research Keeping Pandas Alive
  9. 9. Olinguito (Bassaricyon neblina) First carnivore species discovered in Americas in 35 years. library.si.edu
  10. 10. Scholarly Communications
  11. 11. SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING EXPONENTIAL GROWTH OF ARTICLES Global scientific output doubles every nine years Source: http://blogs.nature.com/news/2014/05/global- scientific-output-doubles-every-nine-years.html library.si.edu
  12. 12. SMITHSONIAN SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING WHAT WE HAVE IN RESEARCH ONLINE library.si.edu 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Thousands Growth of annual number of publications by Smithsonian authors in Research Online (from 1843-2016) OVER 80K PUBLICATIONS SINCE 1843
  13. 13. SMITHSONIAN RESEARCH ONLINE RESEARCH.SI.EDU  80K records 1843-present  25K records 2006-present  75% of recent have DOI library.si.edu Research Bibliography – metadata only research.si.edu
  14. 14. library.si.edu Institutional Repository Digital Repository - Mostly PDF but also metadata, datasets, mobi/epub repository.si.edu
  15. 15. library.si.edu Staff Pages data reuse
  16. 16. SCIENCE HISTORY & CULTURE ART OTHER What We Publish Lots of Science, sure. But enough of the “other stuff” to cause headaches 12,115 publications since 2012 79,846 total publications since 1846 library.si.edu
  17. 17. NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM ASTROPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY TROPICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE NATIONAL ZOO ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER MUSEUM CONSERVATION INSTITUTE Science Publications in Research Online From astrophysics to zebra reproduction, 10:1 journal articles to everything else 9,834 Science publications since 2012 library.si.edu
  18. 18. AIR & SPACE MUSEUM AMERICAN HISTORY MUSEUM POSTAL MUSEUM FOLKLIFE AMERICAN INDIAN ANACOSTIA AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY AND CULTURE ASIAN PACIFIC AMERICAN CENTER 1,376 History & Culture publications since 2012 History & Culture Publications in Research Online 25% book & book chapters, 25% blog posts, %50 journal articles library.si.edu
  19. 19. AMERICAN ART MUSEUM FREER & SACKLER PORTRAIT GALLERY COOPER HEWITT HIRSHHORN AFRICAN ART 350 Art publications since 2012 Art Publications in Research Online More than half are books or book chapters library.si.edu
  20. 20. SCHOLARLY PRESS CASTLE OFFICE OF POLICY & ANALYSIS ARCHIVES SMITHSONIAN LIBRARIES GARDENS Other Publications in Research Online Interdisciplinary and support organizations, including our publications arm. 60% books & chapters 411 Other publications since 2012 library.si.edu
  21. 21. WEB OF SCIENCE 8.4K RESEARCH ONLINE 11.8K OVERLAP ? 5K (MATCH ON DOI) Web of Science vs. Research Online Much of our publishing goes on outside of WoS Indexed sources (this is a back of the envelope calculation) library.si.edu
  22. 22. Research Areas InCites library.si.edu
  23. 23. Research Areas InCites (excluding Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory) library.si.edu
  24. 24. Capturing Scholarly Communications: Workflow
  25. 25. Research Online Workflow Manual Entry & Bulk Uploads Webform submissions REPOSITORY.SI.EDU RESEARCH.SI.EDU PROFILES.SI.EDU Publisher Alerts (email) Author PDF contributions Staff profile pages & internal dashboards & Altmetric.com
  26. 26. library.si.edu Public Access Workflow
  27. 27. Bibliometrics
  28. 28. Our Big Questions: • Metrics: How do we measure use and impact? • Our workflows: How to we capture and analyze data? • Documentation: Reproducible data is better data
  29. 29. Bibliometrics in Service of ..
  30. 30. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu  Explain metrics that are available and commonly used  Show what is possible for further investigations
  31. 31. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu More in-depth – impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems CITATION ANALYSIS, PRODUCTIVITY, CLARIVATE INCITES, ALTMETRICS
  32. 32. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu Impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems  Can show information textually, via common tools like PowerPoint, Word, etc.
  33. 33. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu Impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems  Charts can be made on Excel & related basic tools
  34. 34. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu  Relying on existing tools like InCites (Clarivate) is fine Impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems
  35. 35. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu Impact of Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems  InCites & Excel but with a common look
  36. 36. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu Smithsonian’s 9 Research Centers – Articles in top publications* * Keep in mind, this is for internal use and is not meant for decision making.  Tables are Powerful, too
  37. 37. BIBLIOMETRICS AT THE SMITHSONIAN REPORTING EXAMPLES library.si.edu Sci2 - https://sci2.cns.iu.edu/ Strategic Planning – Network Analysis for National Museum of Natural History CiteSpace - http://cluster.cis.drexel.edu/~cchen/citespace/
  38. 38. Bibliometrics: Some Tools
  39. 39. TOOLS AT THE SMITHSONIAN WHAT WE HAVE AVAILABLE  Smithsonian Research Online – our research bibliography & digital repository  Subscription to Web of Science (Clarivate) including InCites and Journal Citation Reports  Altmetric for Institutions (Altmetric.com)  Free or easily available tools: including Excel, rawgraphs.io, VOSviewer, Sci2, CiteSpace, Scholarometer, Access or other database software, Notepad++ library.si.edu
  40. 40. DATA TOOLS RESOURCES  Notepad++, SublimeText, and other text editors  Excel – (where I’m most comfortable)  Microsoft Access & other Databases (MsSQL via Squirrel SQL for us)  Open Refine (openrefine.org)  Regular Expressions (regexr.com) & coding library.si.edu
  41. 41. BASIC VISUALIZATION TOOLS RESOURCES  Excel – (chart chooser at labs.juiceanalytics.com has nice templates)  Visualization platforms like Tableau (or similar tools)  Google Charts  Online sites like RAWGraphs (rawgraphs.io) library.si.edu
  42. 42. BIBLIOMETRIC TOOLS RESOURCES  For Google Scholar – Publish or Perish, Scholarometer (www.harzing.com/resources/publish-or-perish | scholarometer.indiana.edu)  Products from Scopus and Web of Science  Networking Software like Pajek, Gephi, GUESS  Toolsets like Sci2, VOSViewer, CiteSpace (sci2.cns.iu.edu | vosviewer.com | cluster.cis.drexel.edu/~cchen/citespace) library.si.edu
  43. 43. Bibliometrics: Use Case Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
  44. 44. library.si.edu SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER UNDERSTANDING ECOSYSTEMS FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE serc.si.edu Chesapeake Bay Edgewater, MD 30 miles east of DC, 6 miles south of Annapolis
  45. 45.  Web of Science’s citation report SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER
  46. 46.  Word Co-occurrence - VOSviewer.com SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER
  47. 47.  Co-Author Network – Sci2 SMITHSONIAN ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CENTER
  48. 48. Altmetrics … a brief note
  49. 49. WHAT IS ALTMETRIC? THE COMPANY, NOT THE CONCEPT library.si.edu Altmetric (not plural) is a Digital Science company that tracks and analyzes the online activity around scholarly research outputs. Competitors: Plum Analytics (plumanalytics.com) Impact Story (impactstory.org) General article-level metrics (journal based – e.g. PLoS)
  50. 50. ALTMETRIC – THE COMPANY WHAT THEY OFFER & WHY WE CHOSE THEM library.si.edu Altmetric tracks 10.6 million outputs. Of these 7.6 million have mentions. Altogether, Altmetric has tracked 45.7 million total mentions in its database. They offer embeddable Altmetric Badges, a free bookmarklet, and access to their API for research.
  51. 51. TRACKING RESEARCH HOW ALTMETRICS WORK library.si.edu IDENTIFIER Like a DOI, PMID, URI, etc. attached to the output SOURCE Where the output is being mentioned OUTPUT Such as an article, book, or dataset, etc.
  52. 52. ALTMETRIC SOURCES WHAT OUTLETS ALTMETRIC.COM WATCHES library.si.edu OUTPUT News outlets & Blogs • Over 2000 news sites • Global coverage • 9,000+ Blogs Social media Twitter, Facebook, Google+, Public posts only Reference managers • Mendeley, Citeulike etc • Reader counts Other sources Scopus Citations Wikipedia YouTube Reddit F1000 Q&A Post-publication peer review Publons Pubpeer Policy documents • NICE Evidence • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change • & Many more…
  53. 53. ALTMETRIC ATTENTION SCORE WHAT INFLUENCES THE SCORE library.si.edu OUTPUT VOLUME SCORES RISE AS MENTIONS INCREASE SOURCES EACH SOURCE CATEGORY IS WEIGHTED DIFFERENTLY AUTHORS WHO MENTIONS AN OUTPUT? A PUBLISHER OR INFLUENTIAL ACADEMIC? the score represents a weighted approximation of tracked attention More: www.altmetric.com/blog/scoreanddonut
  54. 54. THE ALTMETRIC BADGE WHAT EACH COLOR IN THE DONUT REPRESENTS
  55. 55. library.si.edu Altmetric Explorer data reuse
  56. 56. library.si.edu Top Altmetric- scoring Publications Altmetric Explorer
  57. 57. library.si.edu Top Altmetric- scoring Publications Altmetric Explorer
  58. 58. library.si.edu Top Altmetric- scoring Publications Altmetric Explorer
  59. 59. Profiles: Bringing it all Together?
  60. 60. library.si.edu Smithsonian Profiles An expertise locator using the VIVO software
  61. 61. library.si.edu Smithsonian Profiles An expertise locator using the VIVO software
  62. 62. library.si.edu Smithsonian Profiles An expertise locator using the VIVO software
  63. 63. library.si.edu Smithsonian Profiles An expertise locator using the VIVO software
  64. 64. library.si.edu Smithsonian Profiles An expertise locator using the VIVO software
  65. 65. library.si.edu Smithsonian Profiles An expertise locator using the VIVO software
  66. 66. Mpala in Smithsonian Research Online
  67. 67. Mpala in Smithsonian Research Online library.si.edu The following publications reside in the Smithsonian Research Bibliography, research.si.edu. They include publications listed on the Mpala Research Center bibliography, as well as other publications we have identified as having a relationship to the MRC.
  68. 68. Mpala in Smithsonian Research Online library.si.edu
  69. 69. In Closing ...
  70. 70. Most research organizations, as well as agencies who regulate research, are struggling with the challenges of tracking and making available the results of research. The tools that Smithsonian Research Online, adapted from readily available sources, can serve as a model and adapted for use by some of these organizations.
  71. 71. The library community is working to help researchers, administrators, funders, and others understand the value of the research within the research community and individual institutions, and the return on investment of research funding. that will need them simply to survive.
  72. 72. Perhaps most importantly, helping the general public understand the broader societal impacts of scholarly research may create a sympathetic environment for facts in a world that will need them simply to survive.
  73. 73. Questions? ADVANCING KNOWLEDGE AT HOME AND AROUND THE WORLD Visit us at library.si.edu
  74. 74. Asante Sana! ADVANCING KNOWLEDGE AT HOME AND AROUND THE WORLD Visit us at library.si.edu

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