Building on Linnaeus: 260 Years of Taxonomic Annotation


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Building on Linnaeus: 260 Years of Taxonomic Annotation. Martin R. alfatovic. I Annotate - Annoto Ergo Sum, San Francisco, CA, 11 April 2013.

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Building on Linnaeus: 260 Years of Taxonomic Annotation

  1. 1. Building on Linnaeus260 Years of Taxonomic Annotation
  2. 2. You are here** Placement for illustration only, referenced from Apple Maps. Please consult a trained astronomer for accurate astrospatial data
  3. 3. Taxonomic ImpedimentSpecimen collectionsDatabasesPublicationsObservations‘Gray’ literatureIndex cardsField notebooks
  4. 4. The Wherefore of BiodiversityHeritage LibraryThe cultivation ofnatural science cannotbe efficiently carriedon without referenceto an extensive libraryCharles Darwin, et al(1847)
  5. 5. 15 Member institutions …Formed in 2006 15 Members •Academy of Natural Sciences Library and Archives •American Museum of Natural History Library •California Academy of Sciences Library •Cornell University Library •The Field Museum Library •Harvard University Botany Libraries •Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology •Library of Congress •Marine Biological Laboratory and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library •Missouri Botanical Garden Library •Natural History Museum, London, Library & Archives •The New York Botanical Garden •Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, Library & Archives •Smithsonian Institution Libraries •United States Geological Survey Libraries
  6. 6. Biodiversity Heritage LibraryTechnology Library Science
  7. 7. DLF Forum 2012 Denver CO Trish Rose-Sandler, Missouri Botanical Garden Art of Life project
  8. 8. Content Growth2007-2013 40,565,052pages 112,282 items 58,792 titles 10 April 2013
  9. 9. 4+ million total views | 75K+ images (April 13)
  10. 10. TheMachineIsUs/ingUs<Responsexmlns:xsi=""xmlns:xsd=""><Status>ok</Status><Result><Item><ItemID>16800</ItemID><Volume/><Contributor>MBLWHOI Library</Contributor><Sponsor>MBLWHOI Library</Sponsor><Language>English</Language><LicenseUrl/><Rights/><DueDiligence/><CopyrightStatus/><CopyrightRegion/></Item>
  11. 11. Kings PlayChess On Fine Grain Sand
  12. 12. KingdomPhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
  13. 13. Kings Kingdom Play PhylumChess Class On Order Fine Family Grain Genus Sand Species
  14. 14. L.LinnaeusVIAF ID: 34594730Linné, Carl von, 1707-1778
  15. 15. This “lumping” and“splitting”, renaming,finding syonyms, etc.caused a big problemwhen taxonomy was alldone in print form ….
  16. 16. Notes and corrections to thisedition, by Strickland, occurin Ann. & Mag. N.H., VIII,Jan., 1842, pp. 367-375;March, 1842, pp. 544-545
  17. 17. DarwinDarwinVIAF ID: 27063124Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
  18. 18. Biologia Centrali-American
  19. 19. Taxonomic ImpedimentSpecimen collectionsDatabasesPublicationsObservations‘Gray’ literatureIndex cardsField notebooks
  20. 20. U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-42
  21. 21. Plant specimens document occurrenceHeuchera sanguinea Engelm.Collection Information Collectors: • Wislizenus Collection Number: 210 Collection Date: 06 October 1846 Location: Mexico, Chihuahua Elevation: 7,000 ft Description: Crimson flower Locality: Mountains, rocks, at Llanos near Cosiquiriachi.
  22. 22. Data origin & annotation over time < 1.Field label: origin of data 4.Annotation: revision >^ 2.Herbarium label: synthesized data ^ 3.Annotation: locality
  23. 23. Thanks for sticking around!And thanks to …Chris FreelandSuzanne PilskDaria Wingreen-MasonLeslie Overstreet