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A Botanical Introduction to The Biodiversity Heritage Library


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A Botanical Introduction to The Biodiversity Heritage Library. Martin R. Kalfatovic. Botany & Mycology 2009. July 26, 2009. Snowbird, UT.

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A Botanical Introduction to The Biodiversity Heritage Library

  1. 1. A Botanical Introduction to The Biodiversity Heritage Library Martin R. Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries Botany & Mycology 2009 Snowbird, Utah July 26, 2009
  2. 3. <ul><li>2003. Telluride. Encyclopedia of Life meeting </li></ul><ul><li>February 2005. London. Library and Laboratory: the Marriage of Research, Data and Taxonomic Literature </li></ul><ul><li>May 2005. Washington. Ground work for the Biodiversity Heritage Library </li></ul><ul><li>June 2006. Washington. Organizational and Technical meeting </li></ul><ul><li>August 2006. New York Botanical Garden. BHL Director’s Meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>October 2006. St. Louis/San Francisco. Technical meetings </li></ul><ul><li>February 2007. Museum of Comparative Zoology. Organizational meeting </li></ul><ul><li>May 2007. Encyclopedia of Life and BHL Portal Launch. Washington DC. </li></ul>
  3. 4. American Museum of Natural History (New York)‏ Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia California Academy of Sciences (San Francisco) Field Museum (Chicago)‏ Natural History Museum (London)‏ Smithsonian Institution Libraries (Washington) Missouri Botanical Garden (St. Louis)‏ New York Botanical Garden (New York)‏ Royal Botanic Garden, Kew Botany Libraries, Harvard University Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University Marine Biological Laboratory / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  4. 5. Scanning Partner Internet Archive Contributor University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Contributor California Digital Library Contributor Library of Congress
  5. 6. Initial grant from the MacArthur and Sloan Foundations (as part of the Encyclopedia of Life grant)‏ Additional support from parent institutions Supplemental grants in place for specific development (e.g. Moore Foundation for Fedora) Additional grants being actively pursued by BHL and individual members
  6. 7. The Encyclopedia of Life
  7. 10. How much is there: Core literature pre-1923: 100 million pages (?) All pre-1923: 120-150 million pages All literature: 280-320 million pages
  8. 11. More than: 36,000 volumes 15 million pages Only 290 million to go! Avg. monthly growth rate 1,500 volumes 600,000 pages See you in 2048! Now Online
  9. 12. More statistics: 1.3 million catalogue records 73% are monographs (remainder are serials at title-level) 63% is English language material The next most popular language (9%) is German About 30% of material was published before 1923
  10. 13. <ul><li>Marine Biological Laboratory/WHOI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine monographs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Science </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Museum of Comparative Zoology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MCZ publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herpetology monographs and serials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ichthyology monographs and serials </li></ul></ul>Rough Selection
  11. 14. <ul><li>University of Illinois </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fieldiana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural history of Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Museum of Natural History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AMNH publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ornithology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NHM publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major natural history general serials </li></ul></ul>Rough Selection
  12. 15. <ul><li>Botany Collections </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Botanical Garden, </li></ul><ul><li>New York Botanical Garden, </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard Botany Libraries, and </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Botanic Garden, Kew </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Libraries Botany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will cooperatively develop a methodology for botanical publications and botanical collections from other BHL members will fill in gaps </li></ul></ul>Rough Selection
  13. 16. <ul><li>Smithsonian Institution Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smithsonian publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entomology collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marine mammals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selected special collections materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperate with other botanical collections </li></ul></ul>Rough Selection
  14. 17. Collections Coordinator on board in February 2009. Bianca Lipscomb, based at the Smithsonian, will coordinate material selection across the BHL and contributing partners Rough Selection
  15. 18. How to make THIS into 0’s and 1’s
  16. 19. Selection Tools: Combined Serial list for selection of title to scan to avoid duplication of effort Monographic “de-duping” algorithm OCLC Collection Analysis
  17. 20. <ul><li>Mass Scanning Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Bid Lists </li></ul><ul><li>Serials Management </li></ul><ul><li>Pick Lists </li></ul><ul><li>Packing Lists </li></ul><ul><li>Monographic Management </li></ul><ul><li>Local data flow </li></ul><ul><li>WonderFetch (tm) </li></ul><ul><li>Return of data </li></ul><ul><li>Return of material </li></ul><ul><li>Billing </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Select Book ~Pull from Shelf </li></ul><ul><li>Review Physically and Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Establish viability and create Wonderfetch </li></ul><ul><li>Send to IA scanning center </li></ul><ul><li>Book is scanned & QA </li></ul><ul><li>Page images loaded </li></ul><ul><li>Derivatives created </li></ul><ul><li>Book returned to library </li></ul><ul><li>Files harvested from IA portal to BHL </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomic Intelligence Added </li></ul><ul><li>Available through BHL </li></ul>
  19. 22. BHL Scanning
  20. 23. <ul><li>Internet Archive </li></ul><ul><li>501(c)(3) organization </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated to “Universal Access to Human Knowledge” </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of the Open Content Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Provides: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archival storage of files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology development </li></ul></ul>
  21. 24. Single Scribe Machine built by the Internet Archive Human operated 3,500 page per shift per day
  22. 25. <ul><li>Northeast Regional Scanning Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Scribe machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MBL/WHOI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jersey City Facility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Scribe machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AMNH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NYBG </li></ul></ul>
  23. 26. <ul><li>University of Illinois </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Scribe machines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum, London </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Scribe machine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Missouri Botanical Garden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Scribe operation </li></ul></ul>
  24. 27. <ul><li>Washington, DC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Scribe machine at Smithsonian Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Scribe facility at Library of Congress (FedScan)‏ </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. Acquiring Other Content
  26. 29. What about other scanning? <ul><li>Missouri Botanical Garden Library continuing in-house scanning process </li></ul><ul><li>Other BHL members also have non-Internet Archive scanning operations </li></ul><ul><li>Ingest of other interested collections </li></ul>
  27. 30. Biodiversity Heritage Library Permission Process Working with non-profit publishers for sharing with the BHL To digitize and mount works under copyright BHL must obtain permission from the copyright holders. Many biodiversity journals and monographs are published by non-profit institutions or learned societies whose mission is to promote research and learning. Some of these institutions have not sold their rights to commercial publishers and are open to sharing with the BHL.
  28. 31. Current Permission Agreement: The agreement is non-exclusive. The copyright holder can use the content for other purposes. It does not involve any transfer of copyright to the BHL or its member institutions. It “grants to the current and future member Participating Institutions of the BHL a world-wide, nonexclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, royalty-free, sublicenseable license to digitize and use the Titles (as identified above) in connection with the BHL, including the right to make reproductions in digital form, publicly display, and disseminate the Titles via the BHL and related websites, and create derivative works in digital form based on the Titles. The scope of this license is equivalent to an open source license, which permits others to use, reproduce, supplement, modify, create derivatives, and otherwise use the Titles, for any and all non-commercial purposes, with proper attribution to the Licensor as the source.”
  29. 33. Process: There is room for some modification of the wording of the draft permission document. When it is finalized, BHL Director sign for the BHL and the Editor-in-chief or Chairperson of the society signs. The process is usually very smooth. >60 titles to date, many published in the US, some of which are published in Europe and Asia.
  30. 34. Permissions Database
  31. 38. ? ? ? ? ?
  32. 39. BHL Forms Global Partnerships
  33. 40. BHL Europe
  34. 41. Biodiversity Heritage Libraries in Europe: Natural History Museum, London, UK Narodni muzeum, Prague, CZ Georg-August-Universität Göttingen Stiftung Öffentlichen Rechts, DE Land Oberösterreich (Oberösterreichische Landesmuseen), AT Hungarian Natural History Museum, HU University of Copenhagen (Natural History Museum of Denmark), DK Stichting Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, Leiden, NL National Botanic Garden of Belgium, BE Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, BE Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, BE Bibliothèque nationale de France, FR Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, FR Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid, ES Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK Helsingin yliopisto, Helsinki, FI
  35. 42. Partners of BHL-Europe: Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, DE Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, AT Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Science, Warsaw, PL Università degli Studi di Firenze (Museo di Storia Naturale), Florence, IT Freie Universität Berlin (Botanic Garden & Museum), DE Missouri Botanical Garden, USA Smithsonian Institution, USA Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, DE European Digital Library Foundation, NL Angewandte Informationstechnik Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, AT ATOS Origin Integration France , FR Species 2000 , UK John Wiley & Sons limited, UK
  36. 43. More Partners Discussions underway with the Chinese Academy of Sciences The Atlas of Living Australia More …
  37. 44. BHL Institutions – July 2009
  38. 45. Technical Details of the Global BHL
  39. 48. But what’s this all mean to me!?
  40. 49. Botanicus & the BHL Portal
  41. 53. Plant Names Specimens Plant Names Plant Names Specimens Descriptions Plant Names Plant Names Citations
  42. 56. <ul><li>Specimen </li></ul><ul><li>Plate or other visual image </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomic description </li></ul>
  43. 57. Built from a variety of new and existing sources Views available for varying levels of expertise from novice to expert Legacy literature a key component of the EOL species pages Encyclopedia of Life Species Pages
  44. 64. BHL Portal Cite Internet Archive Ubio Links
  45. 65. Credits <ul><li>Chris Freeland </li></ul><ul><li>Suzanne Pilsk </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Garnett </li></ul><ul><li>Cathy Norton </li></ul><ul><li>David Remsen </li></ul><ul><li>Henning Scholz </li></ul>
  46. 66. Thanks for sticking around!
  47. 67. A Botanical Introduction to The Biodiversity Heritage Library Martin R. Kalfatovic Smithsonian Institution Libraries Botany & Mycology 2009 Snowbird, Utah July 26, 2009