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2017.07.25 xixibc kalfatovic

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The Biodiversity Heritage Library: Empowering Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge | Martin R. Kalfatovic, XIX IBC 2017. Shenzhen, China. 25 July 2017

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2017.07.25 xixibc kalfatovic

  1. 1. Martin R. Kalfatovic Twitter@BHLProgDirector Biodiversity Heritage Library The Biodiversity Heritage Library Empowering Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge 25 July 2017 XIX IBC | Shenzhen
  2. 2. 午安
  3. 3. “The cultivation of natural history cannot be efficiently carried out without reference to an extensive library.” Charles Darwin, et al (1847)
  4. 4. “Science is all about disseminating knowledge and building upon what has come before, yet so much of our knowledge of plants and animals has remained inaccessible to those who could make use of it.’” Dr. John Sullivan Evolutionary Biologist Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia Cornell University
  5. 5. The Biodiversity Heritage Library is changing this by providing free and open online access to library collections from around the world.
  6. 6. Inspiring Discovery through Free Access to Biodiversity Knowledge Over 10 years of inspiring discovery 15th-21st centuries through free & open access to biodiversity literature & archives from the Mission The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
  7. 7. A global project that encompasses Technology Libraries Science
  8. 8. Biodiversity then …
  9. 9. Natural history literature and archives contain information that is critical to studying life on Earth. SPECIES DESCRIPTIONS DISTRIBUTION RECORDS HISTORY OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY CLIMATE RECORDS INFORMATION ON EXTINCT SPECIES SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATIONS ECOSYSTEM PROFILES SCIENTIFIC ILLUSTRATIONS
  10. 10. Extensive. Open. Global
  11. 11. “Last year I threw down the gauntlet to [BHL staff] and asked if there was any possibility of BHL arranging to have made available the entire run of the UK periodical The Gardeners' Chronicle. I asked because there is nowhere in my country of residence (Denmark) that holds it, requiring that I make time consuming and expensive research trips to London or Cambridge in the UK should I wish to examine the periodical. I was amazed and delighted that BHL has achieved what I asked. This contribution to the BHL catalogue has been a real boon to my research.” Dr. Toby Musgrave Horticulturalist & Botanist Lecturer, Danish Institute for Study Abroad EXTENSIVE
  12. 12. “Biologists are inclined to agree that it [biodiversity] is in one sense everything” E.O. Wilson
  13. 13. BHL can’t have everything, but we try to include as much as possible!
  14. 14. 52+MILLION PAGES TITLES VOLUMES 122,000+ 205,000+ 176+MILLIONINSTANCES OF TAXONOMIC NAMES 615+IN-COPYRIGHT TITLES LICENSED FOR BHL AGREEMENTS WITH 260+ LICENSORS *Stats as of June 2017
  15. 15. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Ed. 10, 1758. Carl von Linné. biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/542 ___________________ Considered the starting point of zoological nomenclature. Listed about 10,000 species of organisms, of which about 6,000 are plants and 4,236 are animals. The earliest work in BHL is TheophrastiDe Historia plantarum liber primus (1483) biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40913187
  16. 16. Not just “heritage” collections > 23% of BHL's collection of 188,970 items is post-1922 > 72.3% of BHL’s collection is free of copyright restriction in the United States As of August 2016
  17. 17. Logbook of the yacht "France" Whitney South Sea Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History Volume: v.2 (1926-1928) biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44821245 __________________ BHL includes over 100,000 pages of Field Notes and related archival material. Ongoing transcription projects will make these fully searchable.
  18. 18. Bonn Zoological Bulletin 61 (1): 135- 39 (July 2012) biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4482124 ___________________ With the assistance of BioStor, BHL now indexes over 202,000 articles, chapters or other “segments” of BHL content. These are all searchable through the bibliographic interface to BHL. Scotopteryx kuznetzovi (Wardikian, 1957) (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Larentiinae), a new species for the fauna of Iran and Turkey Hossein Rajaei Sh.* & Dieter Stuning
  19. 19. Charles Darwin’s Library biodiversitylibrary.org/browse/collection/darwi nlibrary ___________________ A digital edition and virtual reconstruction of the surviving books owned by Charles Darwin. It also provides full transcriptions of his annotations and marks. These works provide important insight into the development of Darwin’s ideas on evolution and natural selection. "If this were true, adios theory" Charles Darwin wrote these words in response to reading Principles of Geology, v. 2 (1837) by Charles Lyell, who was arguing that changes in species have limitations. Darwin, on the other hand, argued that changes in species are infinite and continuous, an integral concept crucial to his theory of evolution.
  20. 20. "We believe that by sharing important collections in BHL and allowing free digital access to such materials, we will greatly assist researchers in furthering their own research on biodiversity. Information inequality between developing and developed world researchers can be narrowed with the availability of open access digital repositories.” Dr. Nura Abdul Karim Deputy Director Library, Training, and External Relations Singapore Botanic Gardens
  21. 21. “[BHL] is a fantastic resource, making research possible that would never have been considered in the past. I use it to find information on particular species and also to find source documents for further analysis. The ability to search by taxon name is invaluable.” Dr. Quentin Groom Research Assistant and Biogeographer Botanic Garden Meise, Belgium OPEN
  22. 22. A Commitment to Open Access… BHL is a charter signatory of the Bouchout Declaration for Open Biodiversity Knowledge Management. Fundamental principles of the Declaration: Free & Open Use Policies to Foster Free & Open Access Persistent Identifiers Tracking Identifiers to Ensure Attribution Infrastructure, Standards & Protocols to Improve Access Linked Data Sustainable Knowledge Management Registers for Content & Services
  23. 23. CUSTOM PDF DOWNLOADS 517,000+ TO DATE ARTICLE INDEXING 202,000+ TO DATE DOI ASSIGNMENT 104,000+ TO DATE BHL offers a range of free services API & DATA EXPORTS TAXONOMIC NAME SEARCHING REFERENCE MANAGEMENT TOOLS *Stats as of November 2016
  24. 24. Permissions for In Copyright Material Thanks to the work of the Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature team (Mariah Lewis and Patrick Randall) and Bianca Crowley, BHL had a successful year with 164 newly licensed titles and 83 licensors since our last meeting. • Licensed titles in CY 2016: 164 • Licensors in CY 2016: 83
  25. 25. Permissions for In Copyright Material
  26. 26. Agatea violaris Type specimen from the U.S. National Herbarium (Smithsonian Institution) collected by the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842
  27. 27. Agatea violaris Type specimen from the U.S. National Herbarium (Smithsonian Institution) collected by the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 Illustration from the USExEx
  28. 28. Agatea violaris Type specimen from the U.S. National Herbarium (Smithsonian Institution) collected by the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 Illustration from the USExExSpecies Description from the USExEx
  29. 29. Secretariat BHL GOVERNANCE Program Diretor Martin R. Kalfatovic Program Manager Carolyn Sheffield Collections Manager Bianca Crowley Outreach & Communication Manager Grace Costantino
  30. 30. Technical Advisory Group BHL GOVERNANCE Martin R. Kalfatovic BHL Program Director Carolyn Sheffield BHL Program Manager Mike Lichtenberg BHL Developer Joel Richard Smithsonian Libraries Susan Lynch The New York Botanical Garden
  31. 31. FUNDING SOURCES • Federal Funding • Federal allocation to Smithsonian Libraries • Member and Affiliate Dues • Institutional Endowments • Grants • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation • Arcadia Fund • Council on Library & Information Resources • Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation • Institute of Museum & Library Services • JRS Foundation • MacArthur Foundation • Mellon Foundation • National Endowment for the Humanities • National Science Foundation (NSF) • Richard Lounsbery Foundation • Donations • Product Development • Institutional Subventions • In-Kind Contributions
  32. 32. CASH & IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS DIRECT STAFF $1,424,792.54 VALUE OF MEMBER & AFFILIATE CONTRIBUTIONS 2016 OTHER $392,751.28 2015 VS 2016 TOTAL IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS 2015 $1,358,908.20 2016 $1,817,543.82 27.26 TOTAL MEMBER & AFFILIATE FTEs WORKING ON BHL IN 2016
  33. 33. “Congratulations on a superior on-line library service that is of great help to anybody that has no direct access to old literature (like many scientists in developing countries). I used to be located in the Natural History Museum in Leiden, Netherlands with an excellent library, but after my retirement I moved to Brazil and lost direct contact with the Leiden library. In many cases BHL now provides what I am looking for.” Dr. Marinus Hoogmoed Curator of Reptiles and Amphibians, 1963-2003 Naturalis Biodiversity Center GLOBAL
  34. 34. BHL is a Global Consortium 19MEMBERS AS OF JULY 2017 17AFFILIATES 60+ WORLDWIDE PARTNERS
  35. 35. International Focus
  36. 36. 6.4+MILLION TOTAL USERS TO DATE AVERAGE MONTHLY USERS (CY16)115,000+ 12+ MILLION TOTAL WEBSITE VISITS TO DATE AVERAGE MONTHLY VISITS (CY16)194,000+ VISITS FROM 243COUNTRIES & TERRITORIES *Stats as of June 2017
  37. 37. 1. London 2. New York 3. Mexico City 4. Paris 5. Sydney 6. Berlin 7. Washington 8. Melbourne 9. New Delhi 10. Sao Paulo Top 10 Cities by Sessions, CY 2016
  38. 38. 124,295 users February 2016 CY 2016 2.123m sessions 1.162m users 96,862 users/month 2007-2016
  39. 39. 8.51% sessions Mobile Sessions CY 2015 10.45% sessions Mobile Sessions CY 2016 Mobile sessions increase by 34.43% over the past year
  40. 40. “BHL is radically changing the status quo and democratizing access to knowledge about biodiversity. Now anyone in the world has instant access to the original species description in a couple of clicks.” Dr. John Sullivan Evolutionary Biologist Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia Cornell University GLOBAL & COLLABORATIVE
  41. 41. BHL collaborates with and contributes content to a variety of partners…
  42. 42. BHL collaborates with and contributes content to a variety of partners… Two more recent collaboration opportunities
  43. 43. Engagement BHL is used in exhibitions in our partner institutions, such as “Once There Were Billions” at the National Museum of Natural History.
  44. 44. “BHL provides an excellent service for studies of marine and other biodiversity. I’ve said it before, you folks do a great job. Keep up the good work; you’ve got lots of admirers out there.” Dr. Thomas Carefoot Marine Biologist University of British Columbia, Canada Expanding Directions
  45. 45. Areas of expansion include Central America, South America, West and Central Africa, Russia, India, Japan & Korea, Southeast Asia, and New Zealand.
  46. 46. Biodiversity Heritage Library Field Notes Project • Funded by a Digitizing Hidden Special Collections and Archives grant from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) • Two-year award for 491,713 USD. • Collaborative effort to digitize field notes, assign metadata, and publish online through BHL & Internet Archive • Lead Institutions: Smithsonian Libraries and Smithsonian InstitutionArchives. • Participating Institutions: • American Museum of Natural History; • The Field Museum of Natural History Library; Harvard University Botany Libraries; Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ernst Mayr Library; LuEsther T. Mertz Library, The New York Botanical Garden; Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library; Museum of Vertebrate Zoology at the University of California, Berkeley; Yale Peabody MuseumArchives; and Internet Archive.
  47. 47. Smithsonian Field Book Project • Currently funded by the Arcadia Foundation, UK. Initiatedwith funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources and previously supported by Smithsonian Women’s Committee, and the National Park Service’s Save America’s Treasures. • Arcadia’s two-year award funded at 511,200 USD. • Is coordinating work to catalog, conserve and digitize scientists’field notes from the collections of the Smithsonian. • Content will be made available through the Smithsonian’s CollectionSearch Center at collections.si.edu and the Biodiversity Heritage Library at biodiversitylibrary.org, as well as international aggregator sites such as the Internet Archive and the Digital Public Library of America.
  48. 48. Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature • Funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) in 2015 as part of the National Leadership Grants for Libraries program. • Two-year award for 846,457 USD. • EABL is helping libraries, museums, and natural history societies make their content more widely available by providing the tools and support necessary to facilitate contribution to the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) through BHL. • Lead Institution: The New York Botanical Garden. • Participating Institutions: Harvard Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ), Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG), and Smithsonian Libraries (SIL). • Progressto date: 3,578 volumes (479 titles; 393,063 pages); 127 in copyright titles from 59 contributors.
  49. 49. Foundations to Actions: Extending Innovations in Digital Libraries in Partnership with NDSR Learners • Digital stewardship residencies funded by the Instituteof Museum and Library Services (IMLS). Two-years/$370,756. • Plan and develop a next generation digital library using the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as a test-bed. • 5 residents working with geographically-distributed BHL partners • Outcomes: best practices document on: – Transcriptions – Image search – Collection analysis – Use case/user priorities study – Improved connections to museums, archives & data providers • Lead Institution: Harvard/MCZ/Ernst Mayr Library & MuseumArchives. • Participating Institutions: Chicago Botanic Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, and Smithsonian Libraries.
  50. 50. 116,500+ IMAGES IN FLICKR TOTAL IMAGES TAGGED34,500+ 256+MILLION TOTAL VIEWS ON IMAGES OF TOTAL FLICKR COLLECTION TAGGED TAGGED IMAGES IN EOL 30% 18,000+ BHL FLICKR NAMED 1 OF WIRED’S 27 MUST-FOLLOW FEEDS IN THE WORLD OF SCIENCE *Stats as of June 2017 WWW.FLICKR.COM/BIODIVLIBRARY
  51. 51. Engage with audiences
  52. 52. Support BHL Financial Sustainability CafePress: http://www.cafepress.com/biodiversityheritagelibrary
  53. 53. 77,000+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS ON SOCIAL MEDIA TOTAL FOLLOWERS 13,800+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 12,500+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 37,400+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 5,300+ AVERAGE MONTHLY READERS(CY17) 2,200+ FOLLOW @BIODIVLIBRARY *Stats as of June 2017 TOTAL FOLLOWERS 7,500+ TOTAL FOLLOWERS 950+
  54. 54. BHL Citizen Science Opportunities Play a game & help correct BHL’s Optical Character Recognition (OCR) smorballgame.org beanstalkgame.org Describe images from 19th century periodicals in this Zooniverse project. sciencegossip.org Transcribe scientists’ fieldnotes on: fromthepage.com transcription.si.edu volunteer.ala.org.au LEARN MORE: BIT.DO/BHLGetInvolved
  55. 55. AWARDS • Digital Library Federation (DLF) 2016 Community/Capacity Award (joint recipient with Archive of American Broadcasting). 2016 • Internet Archive Hero Award. Global Leaders in Sharing Knowledge. 2015 • Laureate. IDG’s Computerworld Honors Program. • Charles Robert Long Award of Extraordinary Merit. Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries. 2013 • Victorian Government Arts Leadership Recognition Award (BHL Australia). 2012 • John Thackray Medal. The Society for the History of Natural History. 2011 • Outstanding Collaboration Award. Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS). 2010
  56. 56. SPECIES NAMED IN HONOR OF BHL Vargapupa biheli “We may think it is natural to have old literature online, but if we didn't, we would have serious trouble finding the relevant publications. Therefore I thought BHL definitely deserves a new species named after it for the help it provided.” DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3937.1.1 Dr. Barna Páll-Gergely
  57. 57. “Joining BHL represents a greater opportunity for CONABIO to provide broader access to Mexico’s biodiversity knowledge contained within published literature. We believe that only with a well-informed society it is possible to develop and strengthen a culture of appreciation and valuation of Mexico’s natural capital.” Dr. José Sarukhán CONABIO National Coordinator Mexico City, Mexico In Closing …
  58. 58. A Larger Context … Supporting the Convention on Biodiversity “It shall also, where feasible, include repatriation of information.” Convention on Biodiversity (CBD Article 17, 1992)
  59. 59. A Larger Context … Darwin Declaration (1998) “The essential requirements for accessing and utilising this global information are: that existing information held in literature and by current experts is made available electronically”
  60. 60. A Larger Context … The Biodiversity Commons BHL strives to be part of that larger Biodiversity Commons and provide a space for the literature of biodiversity to be widely available…
  61. 61. A Larger Context … The Commons succeeds when, among other elements, there is "the presence of a community; small and stable populations with a thick social network and social norms". Elinor Ostrom, "Sustainable development and the tragedy of commons" (2009)
  62. 62. BHL has created that community among our botanical and natural history libraries
  63. 63. BHL is creating a sustainable biodiversity commons for the literature of taxonomy.
  64. 64. BHL will continue to engage with the larger biodiversity community and remain a cornerstone of the “biodiversity commons.”
  65. 65. “BHL supercharges the speed and efficiency of scholarly research…As a free, mobile archive for natural history literature, BHL is ideal for 21st century research, which can happen on the field, in a museum, or at a coffee shop, as long as there’s internet connectivity.” Dr. Nicholas Pyenson Curator of Fossil Marine Mammals Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  66. 66. Specimens, data, publications...
  67. 67. 唔該 Twitter @ BHLProgDirector

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