Creating Content Smithsonian Institution Libraries' Digital Library Program Martin R. Kalfatovic New Media Office and Pres...
Overview of Library Digitizing <ul><li>Books are unique objects for scanning purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Differ from 2 dime...
Book Digitizing Process <ul><li>Bound materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects t...
SIL Imaging Center <ul><li>Established 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>2 digital scanning-back cameras </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better...
<ul><li>SIL has used a variety of commercial vendors for non- and semi-rare materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kirtas Technol...
Digitizing Partners Internet Archive HQ San Francisco Internet Archive Scribe Book Scanner
Digitizing Standards: Page Images DLF Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials 300 dpi, 24-b...
Digitizing Standards: Text Conversion <ul><li>Re-keying or OCR with correction to 99.997% accuracy </li></ul>Standard mark...
SIL Digitizing Statistics <ul><li>Approximately 350,000 scanned pages </li></ul><ul><li>700+ titles </li></ul><ul><li>1,10...
Who Is Using the SIL Digital Library? <ul><li>Sewing machine enthusiasts </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers in Brazil </li></ul...
Major Projects: Digital Editions <ul><li>History of Science </li></ul><ul><li>Natural History </li></ul><ul><li>History an...
Major Projects: Trade Literature <ul><li>Trade Literature Collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 500,000 pieces, only a sm...
Major Projects: Image Galaxy <ul><li>SIL Image Galaxy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 9,000 of SI Libraries’ most interesting i...
Major Projects: Scholarly Publications <ul><li>Smithsonian Contributions and Studies Series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collabor...
National and International Partnerships <ul><li>Aluka </li></ul><ul><ul><li>African history and culture </li></ul></ul><ul...
Internet Archive Scribe Scanner <ul><li>Single Scribe Machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human operated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
BHL Scribe Facilities <ul><li>Boston Library Consortium (Boston Public Library) </li></ul><ul><li>New York Public Library ...
Digitizing Philosophy <ul><li>Digital Curation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just as libraries keep books, so do libraries have a ...
Smithsonian Digital Repository <ul><li>DSpace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed jointly by MIT and HP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Needs for Enhancing the SIL Digital Library Program <ul><li>Petabyte storage system for source files </li></ul><ul><li>Eff...
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Creating Content: Smithsonian Institution Libraries' Digital Library Program

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Creating Content: Smithsonian Institution Libraries' Digital Library Program. Martin R. Kalfatovic. Special Topics in Librarianship / The Catholic University of America, School of Library and Information Science. Class Lecture. July 31, 2007. Washington, DC.

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Creating Content: Smithsonian Institution Libraries' Digital Library Program

  1. 1. Creating Content Smithsonian Institution Libraries' Digital Library Program Martin R. Kalfatovic New Media Office and Preservation Services Smithsonian Institution Libraries
  2. 2. Overview of Library Digitizing <ul><li>Books are unique objects for scanning purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Differ from 2 dimensional works (e.g. Photographs) </li></ul><ul><li>Differ from 3 dimensional works (e.g. Artifacts) </li></ul><ul><li>Codex has been around for over 1600 years </li></ul><ul><li>The book format (title page, text, index, etc.) since the mid-16th century </li></ul><ul><li>Web delivery of book objects has interesting challenges </li></ul>
  3. 3. Book Digitizing Process <ul><li>Bound materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects the material for future use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disbound materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generally better scans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destructive </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. SIL Imaging Center <ul><li>Established 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>2 digital scanning-back cameras </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BetterLight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase I </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flatbed scanners </li></ul><ul><li>All Mac-based </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>SIL has used a variety of commercial vendors for non- and semi-rare materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kirtas Technologies (Robotic APT 2400 Scanner) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preservation Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PTFS, Inc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JJT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TechBooks </li></ul></ul>Digitizing Vendors
  6. 6. Digitizing Partners Internet Archive HQ San Francisco Internet Archive Scribe Book Scanner
  7. 7. Digitizing Standards: Page Images DLF Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials 300 dpi, 24-bit color uncompressed TIFF, or lossless compressed images (e.g. LZW, JPEG2000)
  8. 8. Digitizing Standards: Text Conversion <ul><li>Re-keying or OCR with correction to 99.997% accuracy </li></ul>Standard mark-up schema (e.g. flavors of XML like TEI or structured databases)
  9. 9. SIL Digitizing Statistics <ul><li>Approximately 350,000 scanned pages </li></ul><ul><li>700+ titles </li></ul><ul><li>1,100 volumes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Who Is Using the SIL Digital Library? <ul><li>Sewing machine enthusiasts </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers in Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>School kids around the country </li></ul><ul><li>Lepidopterists in Peru </li></ul>
  11. 11. Major Projects: Digital Editions <ul><li>History of Science </li></ul><ul><li>Natural History </li></ul><ul><li>History and Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Art and Design </li></ul>
  12. 12. Major Projects: Trade Literature <ul><li>Trade Literature Collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 500,000 pieces, only a small fraction digitized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30,000 images from two collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Among SI Libraries’ most popular sites with over 15,000 visitors per month </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Major Projects: Image Galaxy <ul><li>SIL Image Galaxy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 9,000 of SI Libraries’ most interesting images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves as a gateway for product development and licensing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assists students and teachers in locating images for use in the classroom and other projects </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Major Projects: Scholarly Publications <ul><li>Smithsonian Contributions and Studies Series </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration with Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently over 65,000 pages online with another 80,000 in FY 2007 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. National and International Partnerships <ul><li>Aluka </li></ul><ul><ul><li>African history and culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Content Alliance </li></ul>
  16. 16. Internet Archive Scribe Scanner <ul><li>Single Scribe Machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human operated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>200 volumes per shift per week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 70,000 pages from a single machine per week </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. BHL Scribe Facilities <ul><li>Boston Library Consortium (Boston Public Library) </li></ul><ul><li>New York Public Library </li></ul><ul><li>University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign </li></ul><ul><li>Natural History Museum (London) </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Inst. Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Botanical Garden (non-Scribe operation) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Digitizing Philosophy <ul><li>Digital Curation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just as libraries keep books, so do libraries have a mission to preserve “born digital” material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Preservation through assisting in the transmission of digital content to future generations </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Smithsonian Digital Repository <ul><li>DSpace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed jointly by MIT and HP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source software used in hundreds of academic libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserves and makes available digital output of scientists, researchers, curators, historians, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Needs for Enhancing the SIL Digital Library Program <ul><li>Petabyte storage system for source files </li></ul><ul><li>Effective system for archiving of digital material (byte preservation) </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced capacity for storing/delivering web-deliverable images </li></ul><ul><li>Central programming support for enhanced XML data delivery </li></ul>
  21. 21. Smithsonian Institution Libraries

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