Social Networks and Relations          of Power        Kaitlyn Rathwell              Feb 26th 2013          University of ...
Objective of talk• Illustrate the use of SNA in a  sustainability context• Explore how understandings of social  networks ...
Definitions• Power• Social networks
Dimensions of Power• Decision Making Power• Non-Decision Making Power• Ideological Power   Lukes 2005• Power as Coercion• ...
Network ScienceNetworks as:•An approach to science/theory•A set of methodologies•A metaphor                            Ado...
Social Network Analysis 101      Whole Network                     Position of      Measurements                       an ...
Context                 Crops                 pigs       WATERcottages tourism
How are municipalities socially connected to manage water, given  that water ecologically connects               them?  so...
Methods• Network - interviews; network  ties with whom (first-order,  second order)• Water Management Activities:  intervi...
Critical Role of Bridging              OrganizationsBetween Municipalities   With Government and                         N...
Are some Ecosystem Service Types More                 Connected?TotalCollaborations                                       ...
Are some Ecosystem Service Types More             Connected?
Do More Network collaborations mean                        more Activities?Municipality A           Municipality B        ...
Do some Ecosystem Service Types do    more Management Activities?
How does this relate to             Power?• Decision Making Power•   Central role of Bridging Organizations•   More activi...
What a social network approach can and     cannot tell us about power…                          From Rathwell and Plummer ...
Water Classification   Regulation
Central knowledge         systems may assert         one knowledge         system on others for         formation of      ...
What are limits to a network perspective               on Power?  • Context can be left out (e.g. norms,    discursive cus...
Thank you
Works Cited•   Lukes, S. (2005). Power: a radical view. 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan,    New York.•   Raik, D. B., Wilson, A...
Rathwell- Social Networks & Relations of Power 13,2013
Rathwell- Social Networks & Relations of Power 13,2013
Rathwell- Social Networks & Relations of Power 13,2013
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Rathwell- Social Networks & Relations of Power 13,2013

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A few weeks ago I had the pleasure of giving a talk to a group of graduate students here @ the University of Waterloo. I drew on some of my previous research about social networks and discussed; what a social network perspective can, and cannot, tell us about power?
You can find the presentation here via slideshare.
Cheers!

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  • In this presentation I draw on my masters research with Dr Garry Peterson (@ Stockholm Resilience Institute) as well as other projects where I have used social network analysis. I am not a political scientist, but in this presentation I discuss how a Social Network Perspective can help scholars and practitioners understand power dynamics and how, in turn, this influences environmental governance.
  • I draw on Lukes (2005) conceptualization of power in three dimensions. Different dimensions of power are also explored in Raik et al. 2008 in a natural resource management context
  • This slide was created by my colleague Steve Alexander and I for a presentation we gave at the University of Waterloo on SNA in natural resource governance.
  • So municipalities in the Monteregie want different things. Yet they share water. I divided municipalities into types using PCA and then making clusters gathering 67% of variability.
  • Here is the region of Quebec where I worked.
  • This image captures the social-ecological system orientation of my research.
  • These are all the Watershed organizations that I had the pleasure of interviewing in the summer of 2011.
  • How and what knowledge different knowledge systems share with eachother Different scales are interested in different knowledge (e.g. place based ice, vs global climate models) Different priorities dominate discourses at these different scales
  • Rathwell- Social Networks & Relations of Power 13,2013

    1. 1. Social Networks and Relations of Power Kaitlyn Rathwell Feb 26th 2013 University of Waterloo
    2. 2. Objective of talk• Illustrate the use of SNA in a sustainability context• Explore how understandings of social networks can provide insights on relations of power• Explore the limits of a social network perspective to provide insights on relations of power
    3. 3. Definitions• Power• Social networks
    4. 4. Dimensions of Power• Decision Making Power• Non-Decision Making Power• Ideological Power Lukes 2005• Power as Coercion• Power as Constraint• Power as Concent Production Raik et al. 2008
    5. 5. Network ScienceNetworks as:•An approach to science/theory•A set of methodologies•A metaphor Adopted/ Inspired by: Michael Schoon (2011)
    6. 6. Social Network Analysis 101 Whole Network Position of Measurements an actorDensity Clustering Centrality & Betweeness actor Centrality Attributes of actor (Attributes of neighbors actor actor)
    7. 7. Context Crops pigs WATERcottages tourism
    8. 8. How are municipalities socially connected to manage water, given that water ecologically connects them? social Network of Collaboration Water management Activitiesecological Ecosystem Services
    9. 9. Methods• Network - interviews; network ties with whom (first-order, second order)• Water Management Activities: interview, classification, clarification• Ecosystem Services – spatial data; GIS; statistical analysis
    10. 10. Critical Role of Bridging OrganizationsBetween Municipalities With Government and NGO’s
    11. 11. Are some Ecosystem Service Types More Connected?TotalCollaborations Meanp.value=0.01347 Agricultural Municipalities Tourist Municipalities95% Confidence
    12. 12. Are some Ecosystem Service Types More Connected?
    13. 13. Do More Network collaborations mean more Activities?Municipality A Municipality B Ego-Network Collaborations and Activities Cc= 0.6286, p-value: 6.679e-05 R2=0.3952
    14. 14. Do some Ecosystem Service Types do more Management Activities?
    15. 15. How does this relate to Power?• Decision Making Power• Central role of Bridging Organizations• More activities done by well connected municipalities• Non-Decision Making Power• Some municipalities left completely out of management network• Ideological Power• ? Lukes 2005
    16. 16. What a social network approach can and cannot tell us about power… From Rathwell and Plummer 2012
    17. 17. Water Classification Regulation
    18. 18. Central knowledge systems may assert one knowledge system on others for formation of environmental policiesFrom Rathwell and Plummer 2012
    19. 19. What are limits to a network perspective on Power? • Context can be left out (e.g. norms, discursive customs) • Ideological Power
    20. 20. Thank you
    21. 21. Works Cited• Lukes, S. (2005). Power: a radical view. 2nd ed. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.• Raik, D. B., Wilson, A. L., & Decker, D. J. (2008). Power in Natural Resources Management: An Application of Theory. Society & Natural Resources, 21(8), 729–739.• Rathwell, K. J., and G. D. Peterson. 2012. Connecting social networks with ecosystem services for watershed governance: a social-ecological network perspective highlights the critical role of bridging organizations. Ecology and Society 17(2): 24.http ://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-04810-170224• Rathwell, K. and Plummer, R. 2012. Exploring the roles of Social Networks for Water Governance in New Brunswick, Canada: Lessons from the Water Classification Policy Initiative. Brock University: St. Catharines, ON.

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