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Child Care in Japan
にほん
By:
Li Juan, Zhu
Kai Lei, Cheng
Dan Yun, Chen
Samia, Shaheen
Farzana, Jaigirdar
An Overview of Japan
http://animoto.com/play/nd5m1ym0SU
AYkR1P57UStA
The Underlying Philosophy
“curriculum-based
education” before 1988
“child centered
education” after 1988
child – hero or h...
Child Care System in Japan
 Daycare centers—for infants
to 6
 Kindergartens—for 3 to 6
 About 70% daycare centers
are l...
Child Care System Update in Japan
Each family gets same allowance
new type called “Integrated daycare
facilities” will be ...
Comparison
--child benefit
Japan
13,000 Yen (≈159 CAD) per
month per child
Before the child complete
junior high school (1...
History of Child Care System in Japan
First kindergarten was
established by Fujimaro
Tanaka in 1876
First daycare center w...
History of Child Care System in Japan
During the Russo-Japanese
War (1904)
raised the demand for
female workforce
Child ca...
History of Child Care System in Japan
in 1908, Home
Ministry provided
subsidies to day
care center
in 1926, some
seasonal ...
Comparison
--daycare’s revenue sources
Japan
Parent fees
National gov. contribution
City gov. contribution 25%
Municipalit...
Classification of Day Care
Day Care
Centers
Authorized
Publically Funded
Publically Run
Publically Funded
Privately Run
Pr...
Accessibility
For pregnant women & working parents----Put
their old children (under 6) into daycare the 4
months before th...
Training of the childcare workers
(in the past)
ECE workers need to get qualification
Two ways:
1. graduate from 2-year Ch...
Training of the childcare workers
(nowadays)
ECE workers need to get certificate
Two ways:
1. finish 4 yrs education and g...
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Childcare in Japan

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Childcare in Japan

  1. 1. Child Care in Japan にほん By: Li Juan, Zhu Kai Lei, Cheng Dan Yun, Chen Samia, Shaheen Farzana, Jaigirdar
  2. 2. An Overview of Japan http://animoto.com/play/nd5m1ym0SU AYkR1P57UStA
  3. 3. The Underlying Philosophy “curriculum-based education” before 1988 “child centered education” after 1988 child – hero or heroine teacher- supporting character
  4. 4. Child Care System in Japan  Daycare centers—for infants to 6  Kindergartens—for 3 to 6  About 70% daycare centers are licensed
  5. 5. Child Care System Update in Japan Each family gets same allowance new type called “Integrated daycare facilities” will be introduced in 2013
  6. 6. Comparison --child benefit Japan 13,000 Yen (≈159 CAD) per month per child Before the child complete junior high school (15 yrs old) education Canada 100 CAD per month per child (UCCB for every family) Under 6 yrs old Ontario 92 CAD per month per child (OCB for low-income families) Between the ages of 0-18
  7. 7. History of Child Care System in Japan First kindergarten was established by Fujimaro Tanaka in 1876 First daycare center was established by Atsutomi and Naka in 1890
  8. 8. History of Child Care System in Japan During the Russo-Japanese War (1904) raised the demand for female workforce Child care center were set up for families of soldiers
  9. 9. History of Child Care System in Japan in 1908, Home Ministry provided subsidies to day care center in 1926, some seasonal day care center opened in busy farming areas
  10. 10. Comparison --daycare’s revenue sources Japan Parent fees National gov. contribution City gov. contribution 25% Municipality contribution 25% Canada Parent fees 49.2% Gov. subsidies 30.5% Gov. grants 17.5% Other 2.8% 50%
  11. 11. Classification of Day Care Day Care Centers Authorized Publically Funded Publically Run Publically Funded Privately Run Privately Funded Privately Run No registered Quazi Authorized center Baby Hotels
  12. 12. Accessibility For pregnant women & working parents----Put their old children (under 6) into daycare the 4 months before their delivery and the 4 months after their delivery For parents----In 2006, Gov. introduced a new childcare center accepting children with working and non working parents.
  13. 13. Training of the childcare workers (in the past) ECE workers need to get qualification Two ways: 1. graduate from 2-year Childcare Training School 2. receive a qualification test
  14. 14. Training of the childcare workers (nowadays) ECE workers need to get certificate Two ways: 1. finish 4 yrs education and get 124 credits. Level 1 certificate 2. finish 2 yrs education and get 62 credits. Level 2 certificate

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