Watering the Vegetable Garden - Clemson University, South Carolina

306 views

Published on

Watering the Vegetable Garden - Clemson University, South Carolina

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Watering the Vegetable Garden - Clemson University, South Carolina

  1. 1. HOME & GARDEN INFORMATION http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic HGIC 1260 1-888-656-9988 CENTER Watering the Vegetable GardenThe home gardener has several ways of irrigating stream of water causes little or no compaction ofthe garden: a watering can; a garden hose with a fan soil or splashing of muddied water on plants.nozzle or spray attachment; a portable lawn Finally, the drip or trickle system has emitterssprinkler; a soaker hose; or drip or trickle irrigation. ideally suited for raised bed or container gardens.Most of these options are simple to use and work Short tubes, or emitters, come off a main wateradequately. While drip or trickle irrigation requires supply hose. The emitter places the water directly atspecial equipment, it is the best method to use for the roots of the desired plants leaving leaves andconserving water. fruits dry. The drip system allows the gardener to replace the water lost on a daily basis. By includingThe watering can and hose are fine for small a filter or self-flushing emitters in the system togardens. When watering with the hose, the low prevent clogging, the drip system is a cost-effectivepressure stream of water should be directed to the irrigation tool that uses a minimum amount ofbase of the plant and not the foliage. water.Overhead sprinklers offer a wide range of watering A gardener should be aware of periods in thepatterns and area coverages. They are convenient development and growth of vegetables when anbut not very water-efficient. During hot, windy adequate amount of water should be available.days, especially with small droplet sizes, a Generally, the first few weeks after planting andconsiderable amount of water is lost to evaporation. transplanting and during the development of fruit orAlso, many sprinklers deposit less water as one storage organs are times when plants may bemoves outward away from the source. The sprinkler adversely affected by shortages of water.needs to be placed at staggered locations to provideadequate overlap; this usually results in an Excerpted from the South Carolina Masteroverapplication of water beyond the plants needs. Gardener Training Manual, EC 678.Oscillating sprinklers apply water more evenly than Prepared by Bob Polomski, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, andoverhead sprinklers and can be easily adjusted to Debbie Shaughnessy, HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemsoncover square or rectangular areas. Watering the University. (New 03/99.)foliage with a sprinkler may increase disease This information is supplied with the understanding that noproblems; however, watering in early morning discrimination is intended and no endorsement by the Clemsonshould reduce the chances for disease outbreaks. University Cooperative Extension Service is implied. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may notThe soaker hose is an inexpensive and easy apply to other areas. Use pesticides only according to the directionswatering device. It is a hose made of plastic or on the label. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the statuscanvas tubing that allows water to seep out all along of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action ofits length at a slow rate. Water is conserved because state and federal regulatory agencies. Follow all directions,the flow is directed into the ground near the plant precautions and restrictions that are listed.with little loss to runoff or evaporation. The gentle The Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, sex, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Clemson University Cooperating with U.S. Department of Agriculture, South Carolina Counties, Extension Service, Clemson, South Carolina. Issued in Furtherance of Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914 Public Service Activities

×