GIS as a Tool of Resolving Protected Area Boundary Issues, Machiara National Park, Pakistan (Western Himalayan Ecoregion) ...
Presentation Outlines Introduction Study Area Objectives Results Methodology
Introduction
Introduction <ul><li>Protected Area Boundary: A line or polygon, delimited by whatever means that indicates the extent of ...
Protected Area Classification <ul><ul><li>National Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife Sanctuary </li></ul></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Issues Regarding Protected Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Overgrazing of the alpine pastures </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal hu...
Introduction WWF-Pakistan, in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Environment and the financial assistance of Pakis...
PA Standards
Objectives
<ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Develop digital topo-cadastral base layers and maps in GIS format </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Study Area
Introduction <ul><li>It is located in Azad Jammu Kashmir, Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical Location 73 o 38'33.69'...
Methodology
Methodology
<ul><li>Acquisition and processing of Satellite data </li></ul><ul><li>SPOT Satellite Image </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution 2...
<ul><li>Main layers digitized from Topographic Sheets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populated ...
<ul><li>GPS based ground surveys to collect boundary reference data </li></ul>Field Data Collection Methodology
Boundary Delineation The total area covered  by the  park is 33,450 acres. Methodology
<ul><li>Land Cover developed using satellite image </li></ul>Landcover/Landuse Mapping Methodology No. Landcover Classes A...
Methodology
<ul><li>Output of the Study is a notification format </li></ul><ul><li>It was developed after reviewing more than 30 PA’s ...
<ul><li>Proposed notification formats has three parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textual description </li></ul></ul>Output – A ...
<ul><li>A comprehensive GIS map  </li></ul>Output – A GIS based notification format Methodology
<ul><li>List of the boundary coordinates </li></ul>Output – A GIS based notification format Methodology
The boundary effectively describes extent of the National Park and incorporates GIS aspects of flora and fauna. Draft noti...
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GIS as a Tool of Resolving Protected Area Boundary Issues, Machiara National Park, Pakistan (Western Himalayan Ecoregion)

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Protected area boundary delineation - A case study of Machiara National Park, Pakistan

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  • There are almost 230 Protected Areas (PAs) in Pakistan of different categories such as National Parks (NPs), Wildlife Sanctuaries (WSs) and Game Reserves (GRs), covering around 11% land (2,753,357 ha) of the country. These PAs represent almost every ecological, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem and are considerably important for their ecological and socio-economic services.
  • There are almost 230 Protected Areas (PAs) in Pakistan of different categories such as National Parks (NPs), Wildlife Sanctuaries (WSs) and Game Reserves (GRs), covering around 11% land (2,753,357 ha) of the country. These PAs represent almost every ecological, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem and are considerably important for their ecological and socio-economic services.
  • There are almost 230 Protected Areas (PAs) in Pakistan of different categories such as National Parks (NPs), Wildlife Sanctuaries (WSs) and Game Reserves (GRs), covering around 11% land (2,753,357 ha) of the country. These PAs represent almost every ecological, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem and are considerably important for their ecological and socio-economic services.
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  • GIS as a Tool of Resolving Protected Area Boundary Issues, Machiara National Park, Pakistan (Western Himalayan Ecoregion)

    1. 1. GIS as a Tool of Resolving Protected Area Boundary Issues, Machiara National Park, Pakistan (Western Himalayan Ecoregion) Kaif Gill 9 th – 15 th September, 2009 Central Asian Institute for Applied Geosciences Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
    2. 2. Presentation Outlines Introduction Study Area Objectives Results Methodology
    3. 3. Introduction
    4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Protected Area Boundary: A line or polygon, delimited by whatever means that indicates the extent of an area that has been formally set aside for the conservation of biodiversity and land - or seascapes. </li></ul>Introduction
    5. 5. Protected Area Classification <ul><ul><li>National Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife Sanctuary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Game Reserve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unclassified </li></ul></ul>Total PAs in Pakistan Introduction 230
    6. 6. <ul><li>Issues Regarding Protected Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Overgrazing of the alpine pastures </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal hunting </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal cutting of trees </li></ul><ul><li>Irrational harvesting of medicinal plants </li></ul><ul><li>Encroachment in the Forest land </li></ul>Objectives
    7. 7. Introduction WWF-Pakistan, in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Environment and the financial assistance of Pakistan Petroleum Exploration & Production Companies Association (PPEPCA) is currently delineating boundaries of seven prioritized Protected Areas. Introduction
    8. 8. PA Standards
    9. 9. Objectives
    10. 10. <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Develop digital topo-cadastral base layers and maps in GIS format </li></ul><ul><li>Develop land-cover maps using Satellite images </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution and habitat mapping of key fauna species </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building of Wildlife and MNP staff in GIS data handling </li></ul><ul><li>Re-notify and Demarcate boundaries with notifications containing geographic coordinates </li></ul>Objectives
    11. 11. Study Area
    12. 12. Introduction <ul><li>It is located in Azad Jammu Kashmir, Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical Location 73 o 38'33.69'' E, 34 o 31’39.25'' N </li></ul><ul><li>Machiara National Park (MNP) was declared as Game Reserve in 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>MNP was re-notified as National Park in 1996. </li></ul>Study Area
    13. 13. Methodology
    14. 14. Methodology
    15. 15. <ul><li>Acquisition and processing of Satellite data </li></ul><ul><li>SPOT Satellite Image </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution 2.5m </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition Date 20 th October, 2005 </li></ul>Methodology
    16. 16. <ul><li>Main layers digitized from Topographic Sheets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populated Places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spot Heights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest Boundary </li></ul></ul>Digitization from Topographic Sheet Methodology
    17. 17. <ul><li>GPS based ground surveys to collect boundary reference data </li></ul>Field Data Collection Methodology
    18. 18. Boundary Delineation The total area covered by the park is 33,450 acres. Methodology
    19. 19. <ul><li>Land Cover developed using satellite image </li></ul>Landcover/Landuse Mapping Methodology No. Landcover Classes Area (ha) % age Area 1 Conifer Forest 7718 56.6 2 Broadleaved and Conifer Forest 491 3.6 3 Conifer Forest , Shrub, Grasses 1112 8.16 4 Pasture Land, Grasses 2118 15.53 5 Settlement and Grasses 1431 10.49 6 Water / Rocks 208 1.53 7 Snow 557 4.08
    20. 20. Methodology
    21. 21. <ul><li>Output of the Study is a notification format </li></ul><ul><li>It was developed after reviewing more than 30 PA’s notifications and consulting the available literature on World Wide Web </li></ul>Output – A GIS based notification format Methodology
    22. 22. <ul><li>Proposed notification formats has three parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textual description </li></ul></ul>Output – A GIS based notification format Methodology
    23. 23. <ul><li>A comprehensive GIS map </li></ul>Output – A GIS based notification format Methodology
    24. 24. <ul><li>List of the boundary coordinates </li></ul>Output – A GIS based notification format Methodology
    25. 25. The boundary effectively describes extent of the National Park and incorporates GIS aspects of flora and fauna. Draft notification format defines permanent reference i.e. geographic coordinates as compared to previous notifications in which land feature (which depend on season, temporal, social and environmental conditions) were used to define the boundary extent. Results Methodology

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