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Photo Manipulation in the Digital Age

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Slides from a class taught on visual literacy of photo manipulation in fall 2015 at the University of Notre Dame.

Published in: Art & Photos
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Photo Manipulation in the Digital Age

  1. 1. Photo Manipulation in the Digital Age Kai Alexis Smith, MSLIS November 18, 2015
  2. 2. "Keeping up with...Visual Literacy." n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.ala.org/acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/publication s/KUW/Keeping%20up%20With%20Visual%20Literacy%20Fig ure%201.jpg ACRL Visual Literacy Standards
  3. 3. What is photo manipulation? A process to change/transform a photograph into a desired image. GIPHY. n.d. Posted November 23, 2015. http://giphy.com/gifs/art-artists-on-tumblr-vintage-hEPQ13afu6RP2
  4. 4. Old school (pre-Photoshop) photo altering tools n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://digital-photography-school.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/diagram.jpg. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://qph.is.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-d65bb314a6998afcbd60a43241b0f9ea?convert_to_webp=true.
  5. 5. GIPHY. Jon Stewart. n.d. Posted November 23, 2015. http://giphy.com/gifs/jon-stewart-why-lYKvaJ8EQTzCU.
  6. 6. … for political reason or to prove a point GIPHY. New GIF Trump. n.d. Posted November 23, 2015. http://giphy.com/gifs/trump-gifted-xipxrJm9BAQcU
  7. 7. "Altered Lincoln." Circa 1865. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/#/lincoln/. Northerner Lincoln’s head on Southerner Calhoun’s body
  8. 8. “Cottingley Collage.” n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://indiainkelephant.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/cottingleycollage.jpg. Are those real fairies?
  9. 9. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://assets.sbnation.com/assets/1537831/hitler-goebbels-shopped.jpg Where’d Goebbels go?
  10. 10. "IStalin." n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/#/stalin/. Not again!
  11. 11. “ Mussolini.” n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://wittyherald.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/mussolini.jpg. What’s different?
  12. 12. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://i.imgur.com/8nXrzMp.jpg.
  13. 13. Downing, Larry. "On the Economist’s Cover, Only a Part of the Picture." Reuters, n.d. http://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/07/05/on-the-economists-cover- only-a-part-of-the-picture/?_r=1.
  14. 14. … for aesthetics/ artistic reasons Muliarchyk, Elle and GIPHY. Elle Muliarchyk GIF - Find & Share on GIPHY. n.d. Posted November 23, 2015. http://giphy.com/gifs/ellemuliarchyk-art-fashion-elle-muliarchyk-LdPug5ipcfORW.
  15. 15. Filo, John Paul. "Kent State University." May 4, 1970. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/#/filo/. What’s different?
  16. 16. Gahan, Gordon. "Pyramids of Giza, Egypt." February 1982. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/national-geographic/. Can you see what Gahen did?
  17. 17. Payne, Steven. “George Free ” n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://creatiwittyblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/inspiration-artist-Steve-Payne-17.jpg Photo manipulation or transformative art?
  18. 18. Ligorano, Nora and Reese, Marshall. “George Bush.” n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://assets.nydailynews.com/polopoly_fs/1.19102!/img/httpImage/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/gallery_1200/gal-danielheyman-2-jpg.jpg Photo manipulation or transformative art?
  19. 19. … to change perceptions GIPHY. Power GIF - Find & Share on GIPHY. n.d. Posted November 23, 2015. http://giphy.com/gifs/power-perception-RHjQINxeadbDG.
  20. 20. Mahurin, Matt. "OJ Simpson." June 27, 1994. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/#/oj-simpson/. … influence public opinion
  21. 21. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://thesocietypages.org/socimages/files/2009/09/Picture5.jpg. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.11points.com/images/blackphotoshop/wisconsin.jpg. … influence potential applicants
  22. 22. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.karendecoster.com/blog/archives/smoke.gif. …influence legacy
  23. 23. Di Lauro, Marco. "Al Musayyib, Iraq." March 27, 2003. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/#/bbc-news/. Iraq 1 year earlier … influence public opinion
  24. 24. … for marketing, advertising & beauty GIPHY. Art GIF. HY. n.d. Posted November 23, 2015. http://giphy.com/gifs/art-design-beauty-zeRVUN2euarrW.
  25. 25. "TV Guide." August 1989. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/#/tv-guide/.
  26. 26. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.photoshopdisasters.com/wp- content/uploads/tdomf/5176/PHOTOSHOPED%20MAY%202014%20OPRAH%20MAG%20jpg.jpg.
  27. 27. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://stylecoquettes.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/2003gq-done-feet-kate-winslet-more-artistic-she-was-very-unhappy-and-said-that-the- thickness-of-the-legs-was-reduced-by-one-third.jpg. What was changed? BeforeAfter
  28. 28. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://stupidcelebrities.net/wp-content/2015/01/justinfake.png-640x350.jpg. What was changed?
  29. 29. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://joannaksiazek92.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/alteration-of-model.jpg. … hmmm
  30. 30. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://images.hngn.com/data/images/full/4870/rcbeyonce1-jpg.jpg?w=650. … hmmm
  31. 31. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://d35brb9zkkbdsd.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/SeventeenEditorLetterCropped3.jpg. Progress?
  32. 32. "Image Authentication and Forensics | Fourandsix Technologies - Photo Tampering throughout History -." August 2015. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.fourandsix.com/photo-tampering-history/it-was-revealed-that-most-of-the-model-photos-featured-on.html. What’s different here with these H&M models?
  33. 33. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.fourandsix.com/photo-tampering-history/?currentPage=11. Is it ok to lighten a POC’s skin for a magazine cover?
  34. 34. "Image Authentication and Forensics | Fourandsix Technologies - Photo Tampering throughout History." September 2015. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.fourandsix.com/photo-tampering-history/?currentPage=12. Should beauty ads be retouched?
  35. 35. … for a good laugh GIPHY. Cute Gif GIF. n.d. Posted November 23, 2015. http://giphy.com/gifs/laughing-gif-cute-minions-Fn7q3cMgPZmqk.
  36. 36. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://tubegator.com/content/uploads/bikini-gun_fake_original.jpg. Funny?
  37. 37. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.eonline.com/eol_images/Entire_Site/2014420/rs_560x358-140520155015-1024.boticelli-birth-of-venus.jpg. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.themarysue.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/cat_16-550x344.jpg#geekosystem. How about now?
  38. 38. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/26/dc/c7/26dcc7980adc70c0d30d47692ebf5043.jpg.
  39. 39. … to make a statement
  40. 40. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Bxp7ryaIIAAEyrE.jpg n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/s--QgotkmRj--/q6smzmz1g9mejtfp6xun.jpg. Original Ad Altered Ad Get the point across?
  41. 41. n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.theblaze.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Holocaust-FB-Photo.jpg. Does this?
  42. 42. Questions ? n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2014/08/07/article- 2718727-20532FD300000578-100_964x1179.jpg.
  43. 43. Resources "Bronx Documentary Center Altered Images" n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.alteredimagesbdc.org/. "Image Authentication and Forensics | Fourandsix Technologies - Photo Tampering throughout History." March 2015. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.fourandsix.com/photo-tampering-history/. "Photo Manipulation throughout History: A Timeline." April 1, 2009. Accessed November 23, 2015. https://ethicsinediting.wordpress.com/2009/04/01/photo-manipulation-through-history-a-timeline/. "Keeping up with...Visual Literacy." n.d. Accessed November 23, 2015. http://www.ala.org/acrl/publications/keeping_up_with/visual_literacy.

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