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James stone iii college and career ready 9-21-11


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Improving College & Career Readiness TEK Action Area 3 Combine Rigorous Academics and Technical Skills

James R. Stone III
National Center for Career and Technical Education

Published in: Education
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James stone iii college and career ready 9-21-11

  1. 1. Improving College & Career ReadinessTEK Action Area 3Combine Rigorous Academics and Technical SkillsTEK Action Area 5<br />James R. Stone III<br />Director<br />
  2. 2. Seen on I-65 & U.S. 60<br />
  3. 3. The Challenge Before Us . . . <br />Making a difference for students, schools and communities…<br />
  4. 4. Panel Participants<br />Gene Bottoms, Senior Vice President, Southern Regional Education Board/High Schools That Work<br />William Symonds, Director, Pathways to Prosperity Project, Harvard University<br />James R. Stone, III, Director, National Research Center for Career and Technical Education, University of Louisville<br />You<br />
  5. 5. Defining College & Career Ready <br />Whatever skills needed to succeed in credit bearing CC courses (Tucker, NCEE)<br />Being ready for college means that a high school graduate has the knowledge and skills necessary to qualify for and succeed in entry-level, credit-bearing college courses without the need for remedial coursework. (Achieve Inc)<br />4 years of math, English; 3 years of science & social science (College Board)<br />Skills needed for living-wage, entry level jobs are same as skill needed to succeed in college (ADP)<br />
  6. 6. Another perspective<br />No support … that those not going to college need to be qualified to enter college credit courses in order to enter the workforce.<br />Becoming qualified for college-level classes or for entering a job directly out of high school is not the sole purpose of a high school education, e.g. preparing citizens to participate in a democracy.<br />Barton, P (ETS, 2006)<br />
  7. 7. Many Perspectives . . . <br />
  8. 8. CCR Begs the question(s):<br />What colleges?<br />What careers?<br />Where are the necessary “ready” skills learned?<br />A dose of reality . . . <br />
  9. 9. The College & Career Dilemma<br />Workforce Credentials<br /><ul><li>30% enter as HS drop outs
  10. 10. 25% enter as HS grad
  11. 11. 19% enter with some college & a lot of debt
  12. 12. 18-24% enter with college degree (6/4;3/2)</li></ul>9th Grade Cohort<br />100 enter 9th grade*<br />70 complete HS<br />43 Start college<br />Benchmarks<br />70% complete HS1<br />62% start college immediately2<br />47% drop out (31% with 0 credits)<br />57% complete within 6 years3<br />Greene et al, 2006<br />NCHEMS, 2009 (2006)<br />NCES, 2010<br />*An unknown number of pre-9th graders never make it to high school<br />
  13. 13. To be college ready: What college, what skills?<br />Trade/Technical School?<br />Apprenticeship?<br />Community College?<br />Certificate? Diploma? Degree-Selective or not?<br />Nursing <br />Allied health<br />Law enforcement<br />Engineering technology<br />Computer technology<br />Cut scores?<br />Baccalaureate College?<br />MN College Readiness Benchmarks set by ACT: an 18 in English, 22 in Math, 21 in Reading, and 24 in Science. <br />Only 32% of Minnesota’s 2009 ACT-tested graduates met all four <br />27% of post-sec license or certificate holders earn more than average BS/BA grads<br />Framework<br />Where skills are learned<br />
  14. 14. Defining College & Career Ready II*“Soft Skills” Overlap<br />College & Career Ready <br />Career Ready<br />High personal expectations<br />Self-management<br />Critical thinking<br />Academic achievement<br />Career Planning<br />Previous work experience<br />Decision making<br />Listening skills<br />Integrity<br />Creativity<br />*Child Trends, 2008<br />
  15. 15. College & Career Ready: 3 Domains<br />Academic <br />Skills & Knowledge<br />Occupational<br />Expression<br />Technical <br />Expression<br />Occupational <br />Skills & Knowledge<br />Technical <br />Skills & Knowledge<br />Framework<br />Where skills are learned<br />
  16. 16. What Academic Skills?<br />College Ready Academic Skills<br />Career Ready Academic Skills<br />Academic <br />Skills & Knowledge<br />
  17. 17. Measuring College & Career Readiness<br />College Ready?<br /><ul><li>Using traditional assumptions (i.e., preparation for 4-year college), only 32% of HS graduates are college ready (Greene, 2003)
  18. 18. 28% of 4-year college entrants require remediation (NCES, 2007)
  19. 19. 50% of HS grads (who take the ACT exam) are college ready (ACT, 2005)</li></ul>Career Ready (the academic side)?<br /><ul><li>ACT Work Readiness Assessment (based on O’Net data) measures:
  20. 20. Reading for information
  21. 21. Locating information
  22. 22. Applied math</li></li></ul><li>Academic Skills Needed for College are the Same Needed for Careers . . . ?<br />Career Ready (the academic side)?<br /><ul><li>ACT Work Readiness Assessment (based on O’Net data) measures:
  23. 23. Reading for information
  24. 24. Locating information
  25. 25. Applied math
  26. 26. Zone 3 Jobs, Level 5 Math Skills</li></li></ul><li>Career ready math for Level 5 work<br />ACT College & Work Readiness Brief (2008)<br />
  27. 27. Career ReadyElectronic Technician – Level 5*<br />Skills<br />Requirements<br />Fundamental knowledge of PC and Server Operating Systems.<br />Fundamental knowledge of networking principles.<br />Strong Electronics and Mechanical background<br />Highly motivated and energetic<br />Strong communication skills and work ethic<br />Strong organizational skills<br />Working knowledge of Microsoft Office applications<br />Excellent troubleshooting skills<br />Experience with IBM POS equipment<br />Experience with Lexmark printers<br />Experience with Toledo and Hobart scale systems<br />Experience with Nortel BCM and Toshiba CTX systems<br />Experience with Fujitsu Self Checkout systems<br />Experience with Cisco routers and HP network switches<br />Tech Skills<br />Tech Skills<br />WBL<br />Soft Skills<br />Soft Skills<br />Soft Skills<br />Tech Skills<br />Tech Skills<br />WBL<br />WBL<br />WBL<br />WBL<br />WBL<br />WBL<br />WBL<br />*Most ads call for <br />2-years of ed/training & experience<br />
  28. 28. What Occupational Skills!!!!!<br />(AKA Employability Skills)<br />Frameworks: SCANS, 21st Century Skills<br />*Critical thinking<br />*Teamwork/ collaboration<br />*Problem solving<br />*Creativity<br />*Technology-information application <br />Oral & written communication skills<br />Responsibility<br />Professionalism<br />Ethics<br />Systems knowledge<br />Occupational <br />Skills & Knowledge<br />
  29. 29. Skills for the 21st Century<br />
  30. 30. What technical skills <br />Immediate specific job skills*<br />Industry certifications <br />132 available through HS programs (n=4 states)<br />* Learning for jobs (OECD)<br />Technical <br />Knowledge & Skills<br />
  31. 31. More STEM or . . . <br />S&E occupations make up only about one-twentieth (5%) of all workers (5.3% in 2018), Urban Institute, 2007<br />435,000 U.S. citizens and permanent residents a year graduated with bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees in science and engineering. Over the same period, there were about 150,000 jobs added annually to the science and engineering workforce. .<br />
  32. 32. More Required Career Skills<br />Employability Skills<br />Technical Skills<br />*Critical thinking<br />*Teamwork/ collaboration<br />*Problem solving<br />*Creativity<br />*Technology-information application <br />Oral & written communication skills<br />Responsibility<br />Professionalism<br />Ethics<br />Systems knowledge<br />Immediate specific job skills*<br />Industry certifications <br />132 available through HS programs (n=4 states)<br />* Learning for jobs (OECD)<br />21ST Century Skills+<br />
  33. 33. College Ready Math-Liberal Arts Majors<br />Rutgers<br />University of Minnesota<br />UC-Berkeley<br />One course in college-level mathematics.<br />One course, Mathematical Thinking<br />Test out (basic understanding and competency in math, statistics, or computer science) or 2-unit course. <br />
  34. 34. Education and Future Work: 2 Perspectives<br />
  35. 35. Different States: Different Predicted Needs<br />
  36. 36. High school is the last education opportunity paid for wholly by the public. It’s purpose has to be to do the best it can to provide all who leave it the foundation necessary to enter, or further prepare for, adult life.<br />Barton, 2006<br />
  37. 37. Gene Bottoms Bill Symonds<br />