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History Of Portugal


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this is about the history of Portugal

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History Of Portugal

  1. 1. History of Portugal
  2. 2. History <ul><li>Portugal is one of the oldest countries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>It gained independence in 1143 </li></ul><ul><li>The first people were from the stone ages and arrived in Portugal from Southern France before 10,000 BC. They settled in the north. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2,000 BC, the Iberians settled in the north </li></ul>
  3. 3. Celtic Portgal <ul><li>The Celtic’s arrived later and brought along some Germans. </li></ul><ul><li>The settled in the north and their language began to spread. </li></ul><ul><li>They introduced a Central European wagon that is still used in northern Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in villages in small stone houses like the one to the right </li></ul><ul><li>Later they became known as the Lusitanians </li></ul>
  4. 4. Roman Portugal <ul><li>They settled mostly in the south because it was better for growing wheat, olives, and grapes. </li></ul><ul><li>Their language spread and they layed down their code of law which became the basis of the Portuguese legal code. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 25 BC, Julius Ceaser and Junius Brutus established Lisbon as the capital. They also divided Portugal into many provinces. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Germanic Portugal <ul><li>They did not completely get rid of the Romans, they blended with both the Romans and the Celts since their cultures were mostly the same. </li></ul><ul><li>They settled in the north and northwest which was better for their crops. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Enemies <ul><li>After they gained independence, Portugal fought the Moors in North Africa as well as in Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>In the battle of Aljubarrota, the Portuguese army defeated Castile in Spain. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Discoveries <ul><li>The first Europeans to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discover the islands Madeira, Azores, and Cape Verde, were the Portuguese. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sail down western Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To cross the equator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They named The Cape of Good Hope. </li></ul><ul><li>Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, was the first to sail around the globe. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the richest country in Europe because of world wide trade. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Spanish Invade <ul><li>8,000 people were killed along with the nobility and King Dom Sebastian. </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal ended up using their money as ransom for those who were captured </li></ul><ul><li>In 1581, the Spanish took over Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1640, the governor was kicked out and the Duke of Braganca became King </li></ul>
  9. 9. The French Invade <ul><li>The French threatened that if they did not close ports to the English and open them the French and Spanish, then they would invade. </li></ul><ul><li>They said that Portugal would be split between France and Spain after the invasion. </li></ul><ul><li>France invaded in 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1808, the British helped the Portuguese build defensive lines against France. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 20 th Century <ul><li>1908: the king and queen were assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>1910: Portugal became a republic </li></ul><ul><li>WWII: Portugal was with the allies </li></ul><ul><li>1910-1945: there were 45 changes in government </li></ul><ul><li>1932:the new prime minister was Antonio Salazar and he ruled for 36 years </li></ul><ul><li>In 1975, Portugal finally had a strong and stable government which they still have today </li></ul><ul><li>1986: Portugal joined the European Economic Community (European Union) and became the fastest growing country in the European Union. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Present Day Portugal <ul><li>Today, Portugal is a stable country. </li></ul><ul><li>In the future, Portugal is working on getting their jobs and education up with the rest of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, Portugal took over the presidency of the European Union </li></ul>