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HISTORY OF
INTERACTION DESIGN
Week 3: Computing Technology in the Workplace
1875



http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/IMagesWWW/cb000183_c._1900_Bookkeeping_Office_OM.JPG   2
http://www.officemuseum.com/1876_Amberg_File_Asher__Adams.jpg
http://www.officemuseum.com/1876_Amberg_Letter_File_Cabinets...
1900



http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/Photo%20Gallery%201900-1909/1902_Detroit_Typing_Dept._Nat._Cash_Register_4a20574r...
http://www.officemuseum.com/typewriters_office_models.htm
http://www.officemuseum.com/calculating_machines.htm
           ...
1975



http://www.flickr.com/photos/army_arch/3867647402/sizes/o/   6
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/documents/index.html
                                                         7
2000



       8
9
THE FIRST BUSINESS
COMPUTERS
11
ENIAC
(1946)




http://mrsec.wisc.edu/Edetc/SlideShow/slides/computer/eniac.html   12
PRESPER ECKERT & JOHN MAUCHLEY


                                                                   “
(1919 – 1995)       ...
“   One would think that if a man invented a machine
    that revolutionized the world, took out a patent
    on that mach...
http://www.library.upenn.edu/exhibits/rbm/mauchly/img/unidia.jpg   15
UNIVAC
(1951)




http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/comphist/objects/univac.htm
                                  ...
17
http://www.digibarn.com/collections/ads/univac-50s/stand-alone/index.htm   http://www.digibarn.com/collections/ads/univac-...
IBM ELECTRONIC CALCULATORS
       (1950s)




http://www.digibarn.com/collections/ads/ibm-50s/index.html
                 ...
COMPUTER
LANGUAGES
GRACE MURRAY HOPPER


                                                             “
(1906 – 1992)

                      ...
COBOL CODING FORM




                    22
“   Not only would a programmer hardly ever see the
    computer, he or she might never even see the
    keypunch on which...
MAN-COMPUTER
SYMBIOSIS
“
 VANNEVAR BUSH
 (1890 – 1974)

                                                                   The world has arrived ...
“AS WE MAY THINK”


            “
(1945)



                Consider a future device for
                individual use, w...
WEB   MEMEX



              27
J.C.R. LICKLIDER


                                                    “
(1915 – 1990)

                                  ...
“MAN-COMPUTER SYMBIOSIS”
(1950)
AI   HCI



           30
THE COGNITIVE AND
THE PHYSICAL
HENRY DREYFUSS


                                                 “
(1904 – 1972)

                                       ...
DESIGNING FOR PEOPLE
(1955)




                       33
34
35
THE COMMAND LINE
WHIRLWIND
(1952)




 http://www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/Whirlwind-1949.htm
 http://www.computerhistory.org/collections...
WHIRLWIND




COMMAND LINE   GRAPHICAL USER
                 INTERFACE
                                38
SAGE
(1963)




http://www.computermuseum.li/Testpage/IBM-SAGE-computer.htm
                                              ...
IBM SYSTEM/360
(1964)




                 40
DEC PDP-8
(1964)




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PDP-8   41
BATCH        TIME
PROCESSING   SHARING



                       42
HERB GROSCH                      GRACE HOPPER


“   Computer performance
    increases as the square of
    the cost. If c...
SABRE
(1960s)




http://gadgets.boingboing.net/2008/08/08/101-classic-computer.html
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/ind...
DATA ENTRY




             45
“   By the mid-1960s, data processing computers for
    business had become well established. The
    commercial computer ...
MULTICS
(1964 – 1969)

Project MAC @ MIT
_Mathematics and Computation
_Multiple Access Computer
_Multi-access Computing
_M...
UNIX
(1969–1974)




              48
THE STARS ALIGN
THE TRANSISTOR




http://www.jiict.be/afbeeldingen/transistor.jpg   50
http://cva.stanford.edu/classes/cs99s/papers/hennessy-jouppi-computer-technology-and-architecture.pdf
                    ...
NEXT WEEK
Personal Computing
_A Computer of Our Own
_Direct Manipulation
_The Graphical User Interface
_Mobility and Hyper...
53
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1900 http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/Photo%20Gallery%201900-1909/1902_Detroit_Typing_Dept._Nat._Cash_Register_4a20574r.JPG 4 http://www.earlyofficemuseum.com/1907_Burroughs_Corp_Collection_Charles_Babbage_Institute_U_MN_cb000184.jpg Week 3 IxD History: Computing Technology in the Workplace

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