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Samia Takhtoukh: The Practices of Historians in the Digital Age: a case study

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V Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa Nauka o informacji (informacja naukowa) w okresie zmian Innowacyjne usługi informacyjne. Wydział Dziennikarstwa, Informacji i Bibliologii Katedra Informatologii, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Warszawa, 15 – 16 maja 2017

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Samia Takhtoukh: The Practices of Historians in the Digital Age: a case study

  1. 1. HISTORIANS PRACTICES IN THE DIGITAL AGE Takhtoukh Samia
  2. 2. QUESTIONS  How do historians deal with the challenges of digital technology?  How do they benefit from it?
  3. 3. INVESTIGATION  Dissemination of an on-line questionnaire in two mailing lists (DH, AHCESR)  Sending e-mail to historians targeted under Academia social network
  4. 4. AXIS OF REFLECTIONS  Collection of research data  Analysis / Processing data  Dissemination of historical knowledge
  5. 5. COLLECTION OF RESEARCH DATA  Search engines were the most used. 28; 31% 32; 36% 6; 7% 23; 26% Bases des données Moteurs de recherche SUDOC (vide)
  6. 6. COLLECTION OF RESEARCH DATA  Need to return to the print version 34% 66% N O
  7. 7. COLLECTION OF RESEARCH DATA  Digitization  In his daily practice, the historian no longer plans to work without the help of the digital tools available for collecting research data
  8. 8. COLLECTION OF RESEARCH DATA  Not all is digitized Time Resources
  9. 9. COLLECTION OF RESEARCH DATA  All that is digitized is not accessible
  10. 10. COLLECTION OF RESEARCH DATA  Not everything that is digitized is necessarily accessible  The historian must develop new skills
  11. 11. COLLECTION OF RESEARCH DATA  All that is accessible is not necessarily exploitable
  12. 12. CONCLUSION
  13. 13. CONCLUSION  Digital humanities must draw attention to the impact that the methods and theories of the human sciences should have on the design of digital media, its valorization and its visibility on the web
  14. 14. PROCESSING DATA  The use of digital analysis tools 13,75; 14% 38,75; 39% 5; 5% 5; 5% 7,5; 7% 18,75; 19% 7,5; 7% 3,75; 4% Zotero Tableur word Evernote Filemaker base de données analyse reseau cartographie
  15. 15. PROCESSING DATA  Problems encountered while using the software:  Does not meet their need.  Interface too complex  Installation and / or configuration problems.  Manual methods allow them to be more productive.
  16. 16. PROCESSING DATA  The analysis of sources using advanced computer tools should help researchers not only to confirm or refine certain hypotheses but also to raise new questions.  In order to grasp the opportunities of access to digitized sources, we must go beyond the simple use of basic functionalities
  17. 17. PROCESSING DATA  One of the main reasons is that most software have been designed for the majority of users who are not historians.  Involve the historians step by step in the development of their own tools, and involve them in the construction of the appropriate digital infrastructure.
  18. 18. PROCESSING DATA  In the research process all the roles are complementary and the contributions of this collaboration could be fruitful.
  19. 19. PROCESSING DATA  Interdisciplinarity
  20. 20. PROCESSING DATA  How to maintain a balance between the various collaborators?  What new forms of evaluation of research are needed?
  21. 21. PROCESSING DATA  What new skills are needed for the researcher?  What training should be considered?
  22. 22. CONCLUSION  Digital humanities must give themselves the means to succeed in instrumentation by the historian community itself in order to guarantee the inclusion of its standards at proposed tools
  23. 23. DISSEMINATION OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE  The use of blogs 70% 30% N O
  24. 24. DISSEMINATION OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE  Depositing articles in free access 49% 51% N O
  25. 25. DISSEMINATION OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE  Reveal the daily life of its activity, its assumptions, his discoveries, his readings that represents a real obstacle for the majority of the historian
  26. 26. DISSEMINATION OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE  Create a network formed by different professionals can be a cognitive power
  27. 27. DISSEMINATION OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE  How to ensure the protection of the intellectual work of the contributor when unveiling a work which is under development.
  28. 28. CONCLUSIONS  Digital humanities must draw attention to the impact that the methods and theories of the human sciences should have on the design of digital media, its valorization and its visibility on the web  It is necessary to subject computer technology to the needs of SHS researchers and to their specificities rather than asking them to submit to the tool by involving them in design.
  29. 29. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

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