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Karolina Zawada: Toruń University’s Open Access Data Project – the new role for University Libraries

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V Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa Nauka o informacji (informacja naukowa) w okresie zmian Innowacyjne usługi informacyjne. Wydział Dziennikarstwa, Informacji i Bibliologii Katedra Informatologii, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Warszawa, 15 – 16 maja 2017

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Karolina Zawada: Toruń University’s Open Access Data Project – the new role for University Libraries

  1. 1. Toruń University’s Open Access Data Project – new role for university libraries Karolina Zawada
  2. 2. University Library in Toruń e-books e-journlas audio, video files raw research data journals books 1945 2001 now manuscripts
  3. 3. The most valuable information in modern world is the information to which we have an instant and an unrestricted access
  4. 4. SIMPLE = T / Fits standard BITPIX = -32 / Bits per pixel NAXIS = 3 / Number of axes NAXIS1 = 2048 / Axis length NAXIS2 = 2048 / Axis length NAXIS3 = 1 / Axis length EXTEND = T / File may contain extensions ORIGIN = 'NOAO-IRAF FITS Image Kernel July 2003' / FITS file originator DATE = '2016-07-10T10:34:11' / Date FITS file was generated IRAF-TLM= '2016-07-10T11:33:57' / Time of last modification COMMENT FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) format is defined in 'Astronomy COMMENT and Astrophysics', volume 376, page 359; bibcode: 2001A&A...376..359H HEAD = 'DZ936_BV' / Head model ACQMODE = 'Single Scan' / Acquisition mode READMODE= 'Image ' / Readout mode IMGRECT = '1, 2048, 2048, 1' / Image format HBIN = 1 / Horizontal binning VBIN = 1 / Vertical binning SUBRECT = '1, 2048, 2048, 1' / Subimage format XTYPE = 'Pixel number' / Calibration type XUNIT = 0 / Calibration units RAYWAVE = 422. / Rayleigh Wavelength CALBWVNM= 1 / Wave calibration TRIGGER = 'Internal' / Trigger mode Raw research data: ● in a digital form ● with correct, comprehensive and widely available metadata ● widely available or available on request
  5. 5. How to read raw data set? How to describe them? Where to store them?
  6. 6. How to read raw data set? How to describe them? Where to store them? Should these questions be addressed to librarians?
  7. 7. Toruń Centre for Astronomy Nicolaus Copernicus University www.ca.umk.pl Photo: Andrzej Kus
  8. 8. Toruń University’s open access data project ● partners: University Library and the Centre for Astronomy, which has very broad digital knowledge ● the selected data is “safe” - project concerns historical observations of the sky belonging to the Centre for Astronomy ● the data is archived – there is no embargo or other form of access restriction in time and space
  9. 9. Repozytorium surowych danych astronomicznych online – Repository of raw astronomical data online ● 348 000 zł (ca. 80 000 euro) ● 01.04.2016 – 30.12.2017 The publicly available photometric and spectroscopic database derived from observations conducted at Astronomical Observatory in Piwnice from 1949 to 1993 Toruń
  10. 10. Astronomical Observatory in Piwnice founded in 1945 Credit: TCfA
  11. 11. LeonJeśmanowicz(1950) Credit : TCfA
  12. 12. Henry Draper's telescope was brought to Piwnice from the Harvard College Observatory in 1947. Observer: Cecylia Iwaniszewska Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope was constructed in the optical factory in Jena and mounted in 1962 in Piwnice. The main mirror has diameter of 90cm. Credit:ToruńCentreforAstronomy
  13. 13. The plate CCS 0191 was taken with Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope observing with a slit spectrograph in 1975. Plate 1625 taken with Schmidt-Cassegrain Telescope observing with a prism in 1969 Credit: Toruń Centre for Astronomy The paper sleeve for the storage of the plates
  14. 14. The whole collection contains 12,000 plates taken between 1949 and 1993
  15. 15. ● create initial metadata ● verification of the data and metadata ● standards in astronomy – European Virtual Observatory http://www.euro-vo.org/ and International Virtual Observatory Alliance http://www.ivoa.net/ creates the standards ● saving images and format – astronomical images are store in FITS format. The present scanned images are in tiff format ● the data will be available via an access server on Virtual Observatory and stored on dedicated server at Toruń Center for Astronomy and also at AstroGrid-PL platform (Polish project) and Virtual Observatory platform (European project) Work in progress
  16. 16. ● create initial metadata ● verification of the data and metadata ● standards in astronomy – European Virtual Observatory http://www.euro-vo.org/ and International Virtual Observatory Alliance http://www.ivoa.net/ creates the standards ● saving images and format – astronomical images are store in FITS format. The present scanned images are in tiff format ● the data will be available via an access server on Virtual Observatory and stored on dedicated server at Toruń Center for Astronomy and also at AstroGrid-PL platform (Polish project) and Virtual Observatory platform (European project) Work in progress
  17. 17. Is it worth doing?
  18. 18. 1917 photographic plate spectrum of van Maanen star Plate sleeve with handwritten notes by observer W. S. Adams The historical records were supplied by Carnegie Observatories, who maintains the Mt. Wilson archives. Credit: Carnegie Institution for Science - carnegiescience.edu
  19. 19. Is there a place here for library?
  20. 20. Project team Toruń Centre for Astronomy ● Michał Hanasz – project manager ● Dominik Wóltańsk – astronomer, member of AstroGrid.pl team ● Bogdan Wikierski – observer, technician at TCfA ● PhD students from TcfA ● University Library ● Bożena Bednarek-Michalska – project manager ● Liliana Lewandowska – project administration ● Conservation Departement ● Elżbieta Milkiewicz – preservation ● Karolina Zawada – project promotion
  21. 21. Library can help in projects of raw research data ● serve as an information center for authors of the raw data and potential customers who look for this type of data, ● coordinate such projects, ● show hesitant researchers the meaning of the dissemination activities, ● suggest to the researchers possibilities and benefits of widely accessible form of their research data, and show them how to process it.
  22. 22. How to start? ● check who gathers and collects research data ● contact researchers and ask if they need the help of librarians ● discuss what researchers expect. How a library can help them? ● start the collaboration and take the first steps towards the realization of their needs for raw research data
  23. 23. How exactly libraries can help? ● prepare the project of raw research data together with researchers, determine whether this type of data already exists, where they are stored, what the availability conditions are, ● show or find repository (global or local) to storage special kind of data, ● consider what is a better solution: own new local repository, or a ready-made solution e.g. global repositories which allow to join the international community. Perhaps the existing repositories are not ideal, but it is ready and we do not have to create another one, which is a rather expensive task, ● create and implement a new platform for raw data (with a support of IT section), ● check if any standards exist (metadata description, form of data), ● take into account recommendations of the European Union – some EU projects suggest or require that raw date should be available, ● take into account tests of data sharing in Horizon 2020, ● define the range of availability conditions – take into account regulations, contracts, law issue, special kind of agreement, protection of personal data (typical problem for sociologists), perhaps a private company sponsors research, perhaps an embargo is in force, etc. ● if the data is not born-digital, take into account preservation of analogue forms of data (astronomical glass plates, maps, images, research reports, etc.). Have the institutions got enough good storage condition, enough room? Maybe the material should be passed to a library, to a museum, to archives?
  24. 24. Thank you Karolina Zawada kz@umk.pl

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