Name : Prabhasis singh
Roll no :
The computers are connected in a
network to exchange information and
data. The computers connected in a
network can also use resources of other
individual components of a network
system that are responsible for
transmitting data and facilitating the
operations of a computer network.
Although a network contains many
hardware components, there are several
basic categories that make up the complete
operations of a network system.
Bus Topology: A bus topology is a type of network setup where each
computer and network device is connected to a single cable or backbone.
Below, is a visual example of a simple computer setup on a network using
the bus topology.
Star topology: Each of the devices and computers on a network
connect to a central hub. A major disadvantage of this network topology is
that if the central hub fails, all computers connected to that hub would be
disconnected. Below is a visual example of a simple computer setup on a
network using the star topology.
Ring Topology: Alternatively referred to as a ring network, the ring
topology is a computer network configuration where each network computer
and device are connected to each other forming a large circle (or similar
shape). Each packet is sent around the ring until it reaches its final
destination. Today, the ring topology is seldom used. Below is a visual
example of a simple computer setup on a network using a ring topology.
LAN –Local Area Network
WAN-Wide Area Network
MAN- Metropolitan Area Network
CAN-Campus area Network, Controller Area Network,or Some times
Cluster area Network
PAN- Personal Area Network
LAN: A local area network (LAN) consists of two or more computers
connected together in a building or home using software and hardware. This
is contrasted to a wide area network (WAN) such as the Internet, which
covers a large geographic area. In a LAN, there is a main computer or server,
and remote computers called clients.
WAN: Wide Area Network, WAN is a collection of computers and
network resources connected via a network over a geographic area. WideArea Networks are commonly connected either through theInternet or special
arrangements made with phone companies or other service providers. A
WAN is different from a MAN because of the distance between each of the
networks. In a WAN, one network may be anywhere from several hundred
miles away, to across the globe in a different country
MAN:, A metropolitan area network (MAN) is a network that
interconnects users with computer resources in a geographic area or region
larger than that covered by even a large local area network (LAN) but
smaller than the area covered by a wide area network (WAN)
CAN:A Controller Area Network (CAN) refers to a network of
independent controllers. It is a serial
communications protocol that efficiently supports distributed real-time
control with a very high level of
security. The CAN bus standard was developed by Bosch and Intel a
PAN: What is PAN & how do I get a PAN at the General Chit Chat within
the Traderji.com - Discussion forum for Stocks Commodities & Forex; What
is PAN & how do I get a PAN What is PAN ? Permanent .