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PAST SIMPLE andPAST CONTINUOUS
PAST SIMPLE• Os verbos irregulares podem ser: – REGULARES: I played tennis yesterday. – IRREGULARES (consultar a lista de verbos irregulares) She ate ice-cream in winter. *to eat(comer): ate (passado)
Forming the simple past tense (REGULAR VERBS) • Para formar o passado simple dos verbos regulares acrescentamos ED ao verbo: BOIL --- BOILED FILL --- FILLED • Exceções: – Se o verbo terminar em –E: acrescenta-se apelas –D LIVE --- LIVED DATE --- DATED – Se o verbo terminar em consonante + Y: troca-se o Y por I TRY --- TRIED CRY --- CRIED – Se o verbo terminar em –L o –P duplicamos la conconante: (inglês britânico) TRAVEL --- TRAVELLED WORSHIP --- WORSHIPPED – Se o verbo for monossílado e terminar em consoante+ vogal + consonante (expecto W o Y): duplicar a última consonante TAP --- TAPPED COMMIT --- COMMITTED
PAST SIMPLE: affirmative, negative or interrogative• AFIRMATIVA: – He painted the wall – We woke up very early (irregular verb)• NEGATIVA: – He didn’t paint the wall – We didn’t wake up very early• INTERROGATIVA: – Did he paint the wall? – Did we wake up very early?
PAST CONTINUOUSPara formar o passado contínuo vamos a utilizar o verbo to be (was/were) no passado e o verbo principal no gerundio (ING): Suj.+was / were + verbo+ ING He was playing golf They were studying
PAST CONTINUOUS: affirmative, negative or interrogative• AFIRMATIVA: suj+to be+verb+ing – He was painting the wall – We were waking up very early• NEGATIVA: suj.+to be+not+verb+ing – He wasn’t painting the wall – We weren’t waking up very early• INTERROGATIVA: to be+ suj+verb+ing – Was he painting the wall? – Were we waking up very early?
PAST SIMPLE OR PAST CONTINUOUS PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUSPARA FALAR DE UMA AÇÃO ACABADA NO EXPRESSA UMA AÇÃO INCOMPLETA NOPASSADO EM UM TEMPO DETERMINADO PASSADO: John Cabot sailed to America in 1498. "I was going to spend the day at the beach but Ive decided to go on an excursion instead.”EXPRESSÕES DO PASSADO SIMPLES:Frequência: often, sometimes, always; PARA DESCREVER UMA AÇÃOUm ponto determinado em um tempo: last week, when INTERROMPIDA POR OUTRA AÇÃO:I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago. “I was having a beautiful dream when theUm ponto não determinado no tempo: the other day, alarm clock rang.“ages ago, a long time ago etc. PARA DESCREVER O CONTEXTO NO QUALExemplos: ACONTECE A AÇÃO:•Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva. “It was getting dark. The prince was walking•She always played the piano when she was a silently around the hall...”child.
Construções com o passado simples e o passado contínuo juntos• WHEN + a ação curta no passado simples, que interrompe a grande no passado continuo. – John was watching TV when his friend arrived.• WHILE + as duas ações no passado contínuo que não se interrompem ou se cruzam. – While I was talking on the phone, my brother was watching TV.