Sacrificial Procession, Sikyon, ca. 540 On a small wooden plaque, there are not many Greek major paintings Shows what appears to be a family group that shows a family processing Women distinguished by the light color of their skin They are all carrying sacrificial tools of food, or instruments Leading an animal to the sacrificial table
In the center of the island of Crete, at a site called Prinias.
The integration of sculpture on the interior of the temple. There is an increase in elaboration of the temples. This sculpture would have been placed over the doorway. Shows two women facing each other. On the front, a frieze of walking panthers, that end with a squareish block in the center. There aren’t set design rules.
Another frieze showing tiny men riding large horses. There isn’t a theme or proportionalism. They are young, unbearded, armed men. Since they are show on horses, they would be elite young men.
The sculpture creates a space for the smoke to come up.
A different reconstruction image.
Long, narrow temple dedicated to Apollo, with five columns across the front. The row of columns down the middle is for structural support for the heavy ceiling. At the back room, there is a kind of treasury, that could hold bronze or gold vessels that were donated by wealthy peoples.
Temple made of stone.
Fragments of ancient metopes. They are essentially plaques to be hung up around the temple. Each depicting an image.
Today, they are very plain
One of the plaques shows the god Perseus. He is in the symbol of a swastika. It symbolized eternity. They Greeks new it, and implemented it into their art, for example, in this painting as in the shape of a human body. Ugly images would be shown to ward off evil spirits, and be protective, called apotropaic, meaning turning away, or in this case, turning away evil.
Shows two women, facing each other.. And there is retrograte writing, reading from right to left. It was Khelidon. Her sister was married to a bad guy who raped Khelidon and cut out her tongue so she wouldn’t tell anyone. So, she wove what happebed ubto a cloth. Then she shows it so her isister and together, her and her sister murdered her husband, fled.. And then turned into birds.
It is only at this time that we begin to see stone blocks used. This is the Tempe of Hera – the most important sanctuary of the god Zeus. This was the first temple built in the sanctuary. The component part of the temple. The rectangle is the platform for the diety, a front porch, and then a treasury room at the back. This is the general layout for a Greek temple
There are drums on the columns to taper them. There is no base – a doric column. The capitals are not all the same – meaning they were made at different times. The cushiony ones were earlier, and the angular ones were later. A man named Pausanias visited and wrote about this site. Stated that there were two wooden columns on the interior.
However, as time went on, the wood would rot and have to be replaced. Each time it was replaced it was done so with the current styles of the time. This building was constantly undergoing refurbishments.
This is what the sanctuary of Zeus looked like, with the Temple of Hera behind. To the east was the stadium where athletic competitions would happen. The altar existed at the time, cone shaped. Unique to it’s time. It was not built, but the successful piling up of the ashes of the sacrificial victims. As time when on, it just got bigger. It was a huge pile of ash and bone. In the 5 th century the temple was created separately, one of Zeus, one for Hera. They previously shared one temple. The row of buildings as the top were treasuries for specific city-states – showing off.
Recreations of many sculptural groups that are placed outside of the temples. Largest temple in the Greek mainland at the time. Adorned with sculpture in the pediments and medopes. Pediments were full of sculpture.
Local story, not just to the region, but the sanctuary itself. A chariot race between the king and a suitor for his daughter. The king did not want her daughter to get married, so he said that those who wanted to marry her had to beat him in a chariot race ,12 die, the thirteenth gets the horse groomer to betray the King (who’s horses were from Poseidon) by replacing the nails in the chariot with wax so the wheels would fall off. The 13 th suitor wins, and the king is killed – ends up unleashing curses that eventually lead to the Trojan war. This pediment depicts the moments right before the race, on the outer corners showing river gods. Zeus is show as taller in the center
Old man off to the side in the pediment, thought to be a seer, that knows that will happen.
Bottom pediment - Near the center there are images that suggest a fight is about to break out – between the Centauromachy and the Lapiths. Apollo, Zeus’ son, oversees in the center. This is not a local myth – shows that myths can come from even far away. The faces resist emotion.
Fighters, reacting with their body, but not emotion.
Slightly furrowed brow, thought to be yelling something.
Other pediments depict Herakles – the son of Zeus, hero of Greece. Twelve pediments were made, showing is heroism -6 on the east and 6 on the west. East take place within the Peloponnesian, west outside – ways of organizing the images by location. Hera is helping him hold up the heavens. This was one of his great struggles, he needed apples from Atlas, had to hold up the sky for a day.