2011 survey late_antiquity_i

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2011 survey late_antiquity_i

  1. 1. Late Antiquity<br />and Early Christianity<br />
  2. 2. Mediterranean world in Late Antiquity<br /><ul><li>Late Antiquity: 3rd and 4th centuries
  3. 3. Move away from polytheism and rise of monotheistic cults (such as the cults of Mithras and Christianity)
  4. 4. Persecution of Christians, particularly under Emperor Diocletian (284-305)
  5. 5. Tolerance of Christianity only after 313 under Emperor Constantine</li></li></ul><li>Ruins of Dura Europos<br />
  6. 6. Ruins and city wall, Dura Europos<br />
  7. 7. The palace and citadel of Dura Europos<br />Temple of Bel<br />
  8. 8. Temple of Adonis (foreground) and 3rd-century synagogue (in the back by the wall)<br />
  9. 9. 3rd-century synagogue <br />
  10. 10. Fortification of Dura’s city walls in 256 preparing for Sasanian attack<br />
  11. 11. Discovery and excavation of synagogue, Dura Europos, in the 1930s<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Dura Europos synagogue, with wall paints of Old Testament themes. Early 3rd century<br />
  14. 14. Dura Europos synagogue:<br />David anointed by Samuel,<br />Early 3rd century<br />
  15. 15. Fresco of Moses as a baby rescued from the bullrushes of the Nile river in Egypt<br />Narrative traditions in art at Dura Europos synagogue,<br />3rd century<br />Fresco of Moses leading the Israelites out of Egypt (Exodus): pursuit of Egyptian armies, parting of the Red Sea, and destruction of Egyptian armies <br />
  16. 16. Church at Dura Europos<br />
  17. 17. Baptistery<br />
  18. 18. 3rd-century Baptistry at Dura Europos<br />
  19. 19. Dura Europos: 2nd-century Mithraeum,<br />with relief showing Mithras’ ritualistic slaying of a bull<br />
  20. 20. Mediterranean world in Late Antiquity<br />
  21. 21. Roman Catacombs<br />Left: loculi carved out of the tufa rock<br />Right: Pagan cubiculum with an arcosolium, 3rd century<br />
  22. 22. Roman Catacombs:<br />Christian cubiculum with painted fresco ceiling showing Christ as the Shepherd, orant figures, the story of Jonah and personifications of the four winds. <br />Catacomb of Saints Peter and Marcellinus, Rome, early 4th cent.<br />Detail of Christ as the Good Shepherd, Catacomb of San Callisto, early 4th century<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Jonah Sarcophagus, <br />Rome, 3rd century<br />Lateran museum, Vatican<br />
  25. 25. Sarcophagus of JuniusBasius, Rome, 359<br />
  26. 26. Christ seated, from Civita Latina, ca. 350<br />

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