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2011 survey 5th_century

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2011 survey 5th_century

  1. 1. Late Antiquity: 5th century<br />
  2. 2. Timeline and Events:<br />315: Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan<br />324: Emperor Constantine founds Constantinople as new capital of Roman Empire<br />337: Death of Constantine<br />Map of Roman Empire under Emperors Diocletian and Constantine(284 - 337)<br />
  3. 3. Timeline and Events:<br />315: Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan<br />324: Emperor Constantine founds Constantinople as new capital of Roman Empire<br />337: Death of Constantine<br />379-395: reign of Emperor Theodosius I<br />391/394: Theodosius bans pagan worship and abolishes the Olympic Games<br />Missorium (commemorative dish) of Theodosius, 388<br />showing Theodosius holding court. Below: putti (putto) and <br />personification of Earth. Ca 30” diameter<br />
  4. 4. Missorium (commemorative dish) of Theodosius, 388<br />showing Theodosius holding court. Below: putti (putto) and personification of Earth. Ca. 30” diameter<br />Main courtyard at the <br />Palace of Emperor Diocletian, Split, ca. 300<br />
  5. 5. Missorium (commemorative dish) of Theodosius, 388<br />showing Theodosius holding court. Below: putti (putto) and personification of Earth. Ca. 30” diameter<br />Mosaic ceiling in the ambulatory at <br />Mausoleum of Santa Costanza, Rome, 351<br />
  6. 6. Timeline and Events:<br />315: Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan<br />324: Emperor Constantine founds Constantinople as new capital of Roman Empire<br />337: Death of Constantine<br />379-395: reign of Emperor Theodosius I<br />391/394: Theodosius bans pagan worship and abolishes the Olympic Games<br />395: Death of Theodosius; permanent division of Empire between East and West<br />
  7. 7. Timeline and Events:<br />315: Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan<br />324: Emperor Constantine founds Constantinople as new capital of Roman Empire<br />337: Death of Constantine<br />379-395: reign of Emperor Theodosius I<br />391/394: Theodosius bans pagan worship and abolishes the Olympic Games<br />395: Death of Theodosius; permanent division of Empire between East and West<br />404: Visigoths invade Italy; Emperor Honorius moves capital to Ravenna<br />410: Sack of Rome by Alaric, King of the Visigoths<br />476: Ravenna falls to Odoacer; End of the Roman Empire (in the West); Odoacer becomes the first Germanic king of Italy<br />493: Odoacer overthrown by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths<br />
  8. 8. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary the Great), Rome<br />built in 432 after the Council of Ephesus (which ruled that Mary was the Theotokos, the Mother of God)<br />Front of building (shown here) redesigned in 17th century<br />
  9. 9. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary the Great), Rome<br />built in 432 after the Council of Ephesus<br />Decoration on interior of building (shown here) dates to 432<br />
  10. 10. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, 432<br />Apse vault and triumphal arch<br />
  11. 11. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, 432<br />Detail of triumphal arch,with images of the Virgin and Christ enthroned<br />
  12. 12. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary the Great), Rome<br />built in 432 after the Council of Ephesus<br />Decoration on interior of building (shown here) dates to 432<br />
  13. 13. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore Rome, 432<br />Detail of nave mosaic showing<br />The Parting of Lot and Abraham<br />
  14. 14. Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary the Great), Rome<br />The church is one of four papal basilicas in Rome. Here, the pope presides over the annual Feast of the Assumption of Mary, celebrated on 15 August each year at the basilica<br />
  15. 15. Timeline and Events:<br />315: Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan<br />324: Emperor Constantine founds Constantinople as new capital of Roman Empire<br />337: Death of Constantine<br />379-395: reign of Emperor Theodosius I<br />391/394: Theodosius bans pagan worship and abolishes the Olympic Games<br />395: Death of Theodosius; permanent division of Empire between East and West<br />404: Visigoths invade Italy; Emperor Honorius moves capital to Ravenna<br />410: Sack of Rome by Alaric, King of the Visigoths<br />476: Ravenna falls to Odoacer; End of the Roman Empire (in the West); Odoacer becomes the first Germanic king of Italy<br />493: Odoacer overthrown by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths<br />
  16. 16. Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 425<br />
  17. 17. Ravenna, Mausoleum of<br />Galla Placidia, 425<br /> Rome, Mausoleum of<br /> S. Costanza, 351<br />
  18. 18. Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 425<br />
  19. 19. Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, detail of ceiling vault mosaic<br />
  20. 20. Mausoleum of GallaPlacidia: Martyrium of Saint Lawrence<br />
  21. 21. Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, detail of Gospel books in mosaic of Saint Lawrence<br />
  22. 22. Mausoleum of Galla Placidia: Christ the Good Shepherd<br />
  23. 23. Ravenna, Mausoleum of GallaPlacidia, 425<br />
  24. 24. Ravenna, Mausoleum of GallaPlacidia, 425<br />Detail of alabaster windows<br />
  25. 25. Timeline and Events:<br />315: Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan<br />324: Emperor Constantine founds Constantinople as new capital of Roman Empire<br />337: Death of Constantine<br />379-395: reign of Emperor Theodosius I<br />391/394: Theodosius bans pagan worship and abolishes the Olympic Games<br />395: Death of Theodosius; permanent division of Empire between East and West<br />404: Visigoths invade Italy; Emperor Honorius moves capital to Ravenna<br />410: Sack of Rome by Alaric, King of the Visigoths<br />476: Ravenna falls to Odoacer; End of the Roman Empire (in the West); Odoacer becomes the first Germanic king of Italy<br />493: Odoacer overthrown by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths<br />
  26. 26. Ravenna, church of Sant’ApollinareNuovo, 504<br />
  27. 27. Ravenna, church of Sant’ApollinareNuovo, 504<br />Detail of mosaic showing King Theodoric’s palace<br />
  28. 28. Ravenna, church of Sant’ApollinareNuovo, 504<br />Detail of mosaic showing King Theodoric’s palace<br />Below left: Missorium of Theodosius, 388<br /> Below right: Palace of <br /> Diocletian, ca. 300<br />
  29. 29. Ravenna, church of Sant’ApollinareNuovo, 504<br />Detail of mosaic showing King Theodoric’s palace and later erasure of images of King Theodoric’s court standing in the arcades<br />
  30. 30. Miracle of the loaves and fishes, nave wall of Sant’ApollinareNuovo. Ravenna, ca. 504<br />
  31. 31. Miracle of the loaves and fishes, nave wall of Sant’ApollinareNuovo. Ravenna, ca. 504<br />Detail of nave mosaic showing<br />The Parting of Lot and Abraham<br />Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore Rome, 432<br />

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