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The Impact of Digitisation on Photographic Heritage

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Simon Tanner's keynote presentation to the Europeana Photography Group in Leuven, January 2015.

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The Impact of Digitisation on Photographic Heritage

  1. 1. @SimonTanner The Impact of Digitization on Photographic Heritage Simon Tanner Department of Digital Humanities, King’s College London Twitter: @SimonTanner 01/02/2015 17:45 ENC Public Talk 19 February 2013 1
  2. 2. Digital Humanities: the application of digital technology to humanities disciplines reflection upon the impact of digital media upon humanity > 50 academics & researchers ~ £2.5 million research income per annum >5 million digital objects, 130+projects 200+million hits over 5 years: 2009-2013 www.kcl.ac.uk/ddh/
  3. 3. @SimonTanner@SimonTanner www.kdcs.kcl.ac.uk/innovation/us-art.html Charging Models & Rights Strategy for Images in Museums
  4. 4. @SimonTanner@SimonTanner www.kdcs.kcl.ac.uk/innovation/inspiring.html Inspiring Research, Inspiring Scholarship
  5. 5. @SimonTanner@SimonTanner www.kdcs.kcl.ac.uk/innovation/impact.html The Balanced Value Impact Model
  6. 6. http://simon-tanner.blogspot.co.uk/2012/01/when-crowdsourcing-was-called.html Telecrofting - a tale of Puffins Shetland Isles Museum and Archives http://photos.shetland-museum.org.uk/
  7. 7. @SimonTanner@SimonTanner “the daguerreotype image was as fragile as a butterfly’s wing, fleeting and much more difficult to reproduce than an engraving. There was a general consensus that photography would become a force only once it could produce durable, infinitely repeatable images...” Aubenas, S., ‘The photograph in print. Multiplication and stability of the image’. In: M. Frizot (editor), A new history of photography. Köln (Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft),1998, pp. 225-231. Where we started from Retrat d'estudi d'una dona jove amb un llibre a les mans ,1839 Courtesy of Ajuntament de Girona on Europeana
  8. 8. How many photos have ever been taken? http://blog.1000memories.com/94-number-of-photos-ever-taken-digital-and-analog-in-shoebox What happened next? ~3 Trillion Photos Approx. 250 billion photos have been uploaded to Facebook, and roughly 350 million photos are uploaded every day
  9. 9. The Attention Economy We will compete: – for attention, – for eyeballs looking at our collections and resources, – for time, funds & engagement from our communities.
  10. 10. The Economics of Digitisation European museums house >485 million photographs Library collections > 34 million Archives > 8.3 million Approximately 90% of the photographic record is recorded as orphaned “Based on 8.64m photographs (30% of the total estimated un-digitised holdings)... can estimate the total cost range between €14m and €19.44m to digitise 8.64m photographs across European libraries. “ “of all of our estimates, this one is perhaps prone to the greatest margin of error “ The Cost of Digitising Europe’s Cultural Heritage A Report for the Comité des Sages of the European Commission Prepared by Nick Poole, the Collections Trust November 2010 http://nickpoole.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/digiti_report.pdf
  11. 11. @SimonTanner Curation Challenges & Unfunded Mandates Digitisation Web Archiving Collection Development Material heritage Intellectual heritage Digital Preservation Virtual heritage Web 2.0 / Interactive heritage User Generated Content Born digital Preservation & Conservation
  12. 12. @SimonTanner A Digital Death Spiral?
  13. 13. @SimonTanner “digitisation = funding” “Digital is everything today” “who knows how much it’ll cost, but digital’s bound to be wonderful” “Planning is so 20th Century, let’s be Agile” “cos our competition / Google / my mate is doing it” “cos if we build it, they will come!” Signs you are in the Digital Death Spiral
  14. 14. “the measurable outcomes arising from the existence of a digital resource that demonstrate a change in the life or life opportunities of the community” www.kdcs.kcl.ac.uk/innovation/impact.html
  15. 15. www.kdcs.kcl.ac.uk/innovation/impact.html
  16. 16. A Glance at the Future “things can change so abruptly, so violently, so profoundly, that futures like our grandparents’ have insufficient ‘now’ to stand on. We have no future because our present is too volatile. We have only... the spinning of the given moment's scenarios.” William Gibson, Pattern Recognition
  17. 17. © BBC
  18. 18. The advantages of setting your data free
  19. 19. We have 125,000 art works available in high resolution. Anything you want, you can do with it... So now we can say “I love Rijks”, the Rijksmuseum was a very dull, traditional museum and now we can say proudly “I love Rijks”... So if you think about impact then maybe love is the biggest impact. Peter Gorgels www.youtube.com/watch?v=iW17d-OQsIs I love Rijks
  20. 20. @SimonTanner The Impact of Digitization on Photographic Heritage Simon Tanner Department of Digital Humanities, King’s College London Twitter: @SimonTanner 01/02/2015 17:45 ENC Public Talk 19 February 2013 23

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