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Homeworks 4 SPAIN IN THE 19TH CENTURY

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HOMEWORKS SUBJECT 4 SPAIN IN THE 19TH CENTURY 4º ESO

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Homeworks 4 SPAIN IN THE 19TH CENTURY

  1. 1. Departamento de Geografía e Historia UNIT 4. SPAIN IN THE NINETEENTH José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página1 CENTURY. KEYS FOR THE EXAM (you have to know…): - Define: • Treaty of Fontainebleau. • Mutiny of Aranjuez. • Surveys of 2nd of May. • Abdicate. • Abdications of Bayonne. • Frenchified (Afrancesado). • “Guerrilla” war. • Cortes of Cádiz. • Statute of Bayonne. • Confiscation (Desamortización). • “Bienes de manos muertas”. • Mannors (señoríos). • Carlistas. • Regency. • Latifundio. • Jornaleros. - Compare: • Baldíos y Realengos. • Republic and Monarchy. • Federal and centralized. - List the causes of the war of independence. - List the reasons of Francophiles. - Explain who was Godoy, Simón Bolívar, Javier de Burgos… - Analyse some articles of the constitution of 1812. - Resume in a table and compare the main political parties of Spain in the nineteenth century. - Resume and compare in a table the main constitutions of Spain in the nineteenth century. - Resume and compare in a table the political periods of Spain in the nineteenth century. - Analyse a Goya painting.
  2. 2. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE. 1. Define: a) Treaty of Fontainebleau. b) Mutiny of Aranjuez. c) Abdicate. d) Abdications of Bayonne. e) Frenchified (Afrancesado). 2. Observe “Los fusilamientos del 3 de Mayo” of Goya and answer: a) Description and location: • What is represented in the scene? • Where happens the scene? • What two groups of characters make up the picture? b) Analysis of the characters: • Look at the French´s group, how are they represented? What do you think the author try top show? • Look at the Spanish group; what three groups you can divide them? Do you think that there is a temporal sequence? • The faces express various human attitudes to the shooting. Explain what different attitudes are shown. c) Interpretation and historical context: • What do Goya intend report on this painting? • Relate the painting to its historical moment. • Search on Internet for information about Goya. • Research what were the main consequences of the war of independence. José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página2 3. Search information about any of the “guerrilleros” of the War of independence and write in your notebook a short biography.
  3. 3. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE COURTS OF CÁDIZ. 1. Define: a) Statute of Bayonne: b) “Carta Otorgada”: c) Confiscation (desamortización): d) Manors (Señoríos): e) Propiedades de manos muertas: f) Cien mil hijos de San Luís: 2. Read the definitions of “Baldíos” and “Realengos” and explain, in your words, the differences. 3. Answer the questions about the Constitution of Cádiz. Artículo 3.- La soberanía reside esencialmente en la Nación, y por lo mismo pertenece a ésta exclusivamente el derecho de establecer sus leyes fundamentales. Artículo 15.- La potestad de hacer las leyes reside en la Cortes con el Rey. Artículo 16.- La potestad de hacer ejecutar las leyes reside en el Rey. Artículo 17.- La potestad de aplicar las leyes en las causas civiles y criminales reside en los tribunales establecidos por la ley. Art. 172.1. No puede el rey impedir bajo ningún pretexto la celebración de las cortes, ni suspenderlas ni disolverlas. Los que le aconsejen o auxilien en cualquier tentativa para estos actos son declarados traidores y serán perseguidos como tales. Art. 172.11. No puede el rey privar a ningún individuo de su libertad, ni imponerle por sí pena alguna. Art. 371. Todos los españoles tienen libertad de escribir, imprimir y publicar sus ideas políticas sin necesidad de licencia, revisión o aprobación alguna, bajo las restricciones y responsabilidades que establezcan las leyes. a) Which article includes national sovereignty? b) Which articles talk about separation of powers? Who is everyone? c) Why do you think the article 172.1 was written? Do you think it was a common practice of the monarchs? d) What freedoms are recognized? 4. Search for information and prepare a PowerPoint explaining who was José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página3 and what Simon Bolivar did.
  4. 4. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: SPANISH POLITICAL PARTIES. 1. Explain the differences between centralized and decentralized state: 2. Look at the map of the Carlist War and answer the questions: http://vamosaeducarlos.blogspot.com/2012/10/las-guerras-carlistas.html a) What is Carlismo? b) Where were most important? c) How many Carlist War were? 3. Complete the table below: Party Moderate Unión liberal Progressive Democrats Ideology Doctrinaire Liberalism José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página4 Centre Radical liberalism Democratic liberalism Monarchy o Republic? Sovereignty Rights and Freedom Religious Federal or centralized? What social groups support them? Main leaders Stages of government
  5. 5. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE REGENCIES. 1. Define: a) Regency: b) Mendizábal: c) Javier de Burgos: d) Espartero: e) Treaty of Ostende: f) Alfonsinos: 2. Explain the differences between charter or statute and constitution. 3. Complete the table below. Search information in the resume and in the textbook. Constitution 1812 1 837 1845 1856 1869 1873 Who has sovereignty? Rights and Freedom Religious Suffrage Territorial organization of the State Ideology José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página5
  6. 6. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE SPANISH ECONOMY. 1. Look at the map of confiscation (Desamortización) and answer the questions: a) What was the main confiscation in Spain? What kind of land affected each? b) How is the railway line? Why was made so? c) Which mineral had Spain? How were they exploited? d) Which regions were industrialized in Spain? What industries had each region? 2. Define: a) Latifundio: b) Journeyman (Jornalero): c) Subsistence agriculture: d) Protectionism: José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página6
  7. 7. Departamento de Geografía e Historia José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página7 REVIEW ACTIVITIES. 1. Complete, in your notebook, the diagram below: 2. Put in a chronological axis the main political periods of Spain in the 19th century. Then include the events of the table in its period. Fight between absolutism and Liberalism Fight between doctrinaire against progressive liberalism Constitution of 1812. Statute of Bayonne War of Independence Reign of Ferdinand VII Liberal Triennium Liberalism Reign of Isabel II Absolutism Moderate Liberalism 3. Reflect on the map the progress of the armies during the war of independence, the main battles and the areas occupied by each side.

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