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  1. 1. Departamento de Geografía e Historia UNIT 2. THE FEUDALISM. KEYS FOR THE EXAM (you have to know…): - Define: • Middle Age: • Manor (Feudo): • Feudalism: • Estamento: • Servant: • Subsistence: • Tithe (Diezmo): José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página1 • Crusades: • Holy Land: • Transept: • Apse (ábside): • Ambulatory (Girola): • Pantocrator: • Hieratic: - Explain the differences between: • Make (Marca) and county (Condado): • Reserve Manor (Reserva sensorial) and gentle (Manso): • Regular clergy and secular clergy: - Compare the characteristics of a stratified society (Sociedad estamental) with current society. - List and summarize in a diagram the causes of Feudalism. - List or summarize in a diagram the privileges of nobility and clergy. - Explain the importance of the medieval church. - Explain who was and did Charlemagne. - Built a feudal pyramid. - Identify in a picture a cannon arc (Arco de cañón). - Identify, in a picture of a Manor, the book stately, the gentle… - Point in a map the Carolingian territory. - Point in a picture the parts of a medieval building (church or monastery): buttress (Contrafuerte), cloister (Claustro)…
  2. 2. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE. 1. Define: What is the middle age? 2. Write the Germanic peoples who settled in the following modern countries. 3. Answer the questions about the map of Carolingian Empire. a) On what modern countries the Carolingian Empire extended? b) Did it get Spanish territory? Which ones? c) Explain the differences between Make (Marca) and county (Condado). d) What happened with the Carolingian territories at the End? José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página2
  3. 3. Departamento de Geografía e Historia José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página3 ACTIVITIES: CHARLEMAGNE. 1. Investigate and make a PowerPoint presentation about the character Charlemagne: [This exercise is voluntary] 2. Work in the biography of Charlemagne. a) Complete the family tree. b) Indicate if the sentences about Charlemagne are true or false. True (T) or False (F)? a) He defeated the Emir of Córdoba and dominated Al Andalus b) He reinforced the power of the Carolingian Dinasty c) He was crowned Emperor at Aachen (Aquisgrán) in 732. d) He established his imperial residence in Paris 3. Complete the diagram below about the origin of Feudalism. 4. What is Feudalism?
  4. 4. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE STRATIFIED SOCIETY (SOC. ESTAMENTAL). 1. Define: a) Estamento: b) Torre del Homenaje: 2. Complete the diagrams in your notebook. [look at the textbook] 3. Complete the drawing in your notebook by attaching numbers to their name and then answer the questions. Well (Pozo), blacksmith shops (Herrerias), patio de armas, kitchen, entrance, oven a) In what area did the nobility live? What about the serves? b) How is the furniture, there are many luxuries? c) Was there a castle in the town of Marbella? José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página4
  5. 5. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: THE LIFE IN THE MANOR. 1. Define: a) Servant: b) Villain: c) Subsistence: José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página5 d) Reserve Manor (Reserva Señorial): e) Gentle manor (Mansos): f) Fallow (Barbecho): 2. Look at the picture of the manor and answer the questions. a) In how many parts was the manor divided? b) Where did the farmers live? c) Do you think that farmers would have an easy life of comfort? 3. Observe the following drawing and explain how to work the biennial rotation.
  6. 6. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES ON THE CLERGY: THE CRUSADES (LAS CRUZADAS). 1. Why was the Church so important in the Middle Age? 2. Define: a) Cardinal (Cardenal): b) Tithe (Diezmo): José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página6 c) Crusade: d) The Holy Land: 3. Complete, in your notebook, the diagram below for the organization of the medieval church. 4. What is the difference between regular clergy and secular clergy? 5. Look at the map below and answer. a) How many crusades were and at what year were each one? b) Where was each one of the crusades? c) Who participated in the crusades?
  7. 7. Departamento de Geografía e Historia ACTIVITIES: MEDIEVAL MONASTERY. 1. Look at the picture of the medieval monastery and answer: a) Describe the name and function of each of the parts of the monastery. Dependencias Función para la comunidad 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 b) Which of these elements was the centre of monastic life? c) Why were monasteries established in the field? Who were the lands around? Who worked in them? d) What were the most important religious orders in the Middle Age? José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página7
  8. 8. Departamento de Geografía e Historia José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página8 ACTIVITIES: ROMANIC ART. 1. Define and point the definitions form A to F in the drawing below: a) Transept: f) Dome Canyon (Bóveda de cañon): b) Dome (Cimborrio): g) Capitel: c) Apse (Ábside): h) Archivolt (Arquivolta): d) Ambulatory (Girola): i) Pantocrator: e) Canyon arch (Arco de Cañón): j) Hieratic: 2. Answer the questions about the drawing: a) What material is built? b) Why the windows are few and small? c) What shape are the bows? d) What was the main purpose of Romanic Art? 3. What is the main idea of this text? “At one time he had worked in a Cathedral in Exeter. At first it was as usual, and felt upset when the master builder warned him that his work did not conform to the required (…) level. But then he realized it was not enough that the walls of a cathedral were well built. They had to be perfect because a cathedral was for God and also because in such a large building the slightest inclination of the walls could weaken the structure fatally. Ken Follet. “The Pillars of the Earth”.
  9. 9. Departamento de Geografía e Historia José Carlos Núñez Vidal Página9 REVIEW ACTIVITIES. 1. Attach the concepts with their definitions. Investiture Social group with identical rights and common way of life Fallow Group of People around the Monarch Estamento Delivery of a Manor to a nobility or clergy vassal Court Part of land not cultivated in order to regenerate 2. Are True or False these statements about a Manor? T or F? a) The Manor was the land that a noble received in return for his loyalty to the King b) In each manor had several castles and villages c) In the forests of Manor formers could hunt and collect firewood freely d) Mill use was free for residents of the manor e) To cross the land of a Manor you had to pay a tax f) The part of a manor that feudal lord farmed was called gentle Manor g) The plots in which farmers worked were called reserve Manor h) The feudal lord dispensed justice in his land 3. Identify whom each description relates. Monk (Monje) – Knight (Caballero) – Apprentice - Merchant He is preparing his weapons for a tournament in order to train in the arts of weapons for when he need to raise an army in the service of King. At the end of the day, He should collect all workshop materials where he is trained on a trade. That is the place where he live although does not receive a salary for it. With the sound of “Matins”, he stands on his cell and heads common payers with which began the day with other people who, like him, devote the day to prayer and work. He is writing a letter to his colleague to offer a cargo of wool in exchange for amber and furs North.