AMBRIDGambridge                 UNIVERSITY        P RESS                   New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapo...
CAMBRIDGEUNIVERSITY   PRESS
Tipsfor a British                                                                           touristin yourcountry   Tipson...
7A At the alrport                        p54    stateverbs                      simpleandcontinuous                       ...
Reading WritingPortfolio WBp80                                                                                            ...
Vocabulary Language                      ability"         a} Choose the correct words in        / fuesepillases. Check in ...
1A Vocabulary and GrammarD   Readthe article again.What doesit sayaboutthesepeople,                "   Work in pairs. Name...
Vocabulary education                                                                                                      ...
1 B Vocabulary and Grammar                                                                   IJ   a) Mia and Tiro meet aga...
Vocabulary verb patterns (1)                                                                                              ...
1C     Vocabulary         and Skills                                                                             "        ...
Real World keeping a                                                                                           conversatio...
~            a) Readthe next part of Sueand                                                                               ...
--     Reading,Ustening and Grammar"         a) Read part of a web page on health. Try to          ful in gaps 1-4 with th...
2A     Vocabulary and Grammar                                                                    "     a) Read about Teds ...
Vocabulary feelings and opinions                                                                                          ...
"   a}Read articleagain.          the          WhatdoesPeter    Taylor about         say    thesethings?    a) bis job    ...
VocabuLary    word building (1): suffixes                                                                                 ...
2C     Vocabulary         and Ski lis                                                                 ,,:   a) mil   Liste...
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  1. 1. AMBRIDGambridge UNIVERSITY P RESS New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, Sao Paulo CambridgeUniversity Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambrid~e.org/9780521603379 <9 Cambridge University Press 200~ This publication is in copyright. Subjectto statutory exception and to the provisions of relevantcollective licensing agreements no reproduction of any part mar take place without the written permissionof CambridgeUniversity Press. published 2007 Printed in Italy by Eurografica (part of the group) A catalogue recordfor this publication is availablefrom the British Library ISBN 978-0-521-60337-9 Students Book with CD-ROM/Audio CD ISBN 978-0-521-69165-9 Workbook with Key ISBN 978-0-521-69166-6 Teachers Book ISBN 978-0-521-60341-6 Class Audio CDs ISBN 978-0-521-60345-4 Class Audio Cassettes ISBN 978-0-521-61401-6 Network CD-ROM ISBN 978-8-483-23372-6 Students Book with CD-ROM/Audio CD, Spanish edition ISBN 978-3-125-39744-6 Students Book with CD-ROM/Audio CD, Klett edition CambridgeUniversity Presshas no responsibility for the persistenceor accuracy of URLS for external or third-party Internet websitesreferred to in this publicatiol and does not guaranteethat any content on suchwebsitesis, or will remain, accurateor appropriate.EGO
  2. 2. CAMBRIDGEUNIVERSITY PRESS
  3. 3. Tipsfor a British touristin yourcountry Tipson socialcodes -A difficultcolleague The next two weeks Thefutureof pea yauknaw pieBreaking codes linking(2):Iw/, Ijl andIrl sounds Types code ofA dayat the office intonation:beingpolite Twoconversations Reading WritingPortfolio WB p74 and 6
  4. 4. 7A At the alrport p54 stateverbs simpleandcontinuous aspects; activity stateverbs and78 The new superpower p56 business trade and PresentPerfect Simpleand Present Perfect Continuous7C Ufe in cyberspace p58 the Internet; wordbuilding (2): prefixes7D Youre breaking up peo RealWorldproblems the phone on7 Review and progress Portfolio p618A Im broke ~~ , p62 dealing with money --- wishes (1); I hope ...; Its time 000 wishes (2); should have RealWorldapologising Review and Progress Portfolio p699A The Oscars p70 the cinema the passive Michael Landy Real World making and responding to suggestions910A How practical are you? p78 householdjobs have/get something done, get somebody do something, to dosomething yourself108 New man p80 male, femaleandneutral words quantifiers Men in the 21st century1OC The same but different p82 compound nouns adjectives and100 I did te" you! p84 RealWorldaddingemphasis10 Review and progress Portfolio p8511C The coffee shop A problem Daisys at11D Advertising works RealWorlddiscussion language (3)11 Review and Progress Portfolio p9312A Wheres my mobile? p94 colloquial words/phrases modalverbs deduction the (2): in present the past and - Lookbehind you! Review and progress Portfolio p100 p101Songs p102 Pair and Group Work p104 Language Summaries p113 Recording Scripts p143
  5. 5. Reading WritingPortfolio WBp80 and 9 Practical women Whais the mastpractical? Your family - Readingand Writing Portfolio10 WB p82 Twofriendsarranging meet to FuturePerfect Future and Continuous Talkingabout yourfuture Readingand Writing Portfolio11 WB p84 Louises missingmobile modalverbsin the past Makingdeductions andWriting Portfolio WB 12 P86~ Answer Key p159 Phonemic Symbols p159 CD-ROM/Audio CD Instructions p160~ading
  6. 6. Vocabulary Language ability" a} Choose the correct words in / fuesepillases. Check in Language Summaryl1mPl13. 1 (my)8last language(is) 000 2 be bilingual inlat 000 3 be fluent atlin ... 4 be reasonably good onlat 000 S can get tolby in 000 6 know a littlelfew words of .00 7 cant speaka word oflwith 000 8 can havelmake conversation a in 000 9 speaksome 000but its , a lotlbit rusty 10 pick uploff a bit of 000 on holiday b) Choose five pillases from 1a). Use them to make sentencesabout yourself or people you knowo My first language is Russian. c} Work in groupsoTake turns to tell each other your sentenceso Ask follow-up questions if possible. Readingand Grammar D a) How important is learning English in your country? Why? b) Read fue article about learning English around fue world. Match headingsa)-d) to paragraphs1-4. a) Leam English 24 hours a dar b) A changing language c) An English-speaking world d) A passport to employment
  7. 7. 1A Vocabulary and GrammarD Readthe article again.What doesit sayaboutthesepeople, " Work in pairs. Name the verb forms in numbers,things and places? bold in these pairs of sentences.Discuss the difference in meaning between a) and native speakers 350 million 2 billion a call centre b) in each pair. Toyota Samsung 80% South Korea Hinglish 1 a) They studied Portuguesefor three years. b) TheYvestudied Portuguesefor three years. 2 a) Kemal often watches DVDs. a) Look at the article again. Match the words/phrases in blue to these verb forms. b) Kemalswatching a DVD at the momento PresentSimple teLL PresentContinuous 3 a) Jo did her homeworkwhen1 got home. PastSimple PastContinuous b) Jo was doing her homework when PresentPerfect Simple PresentPerfectContinuous 1 got home. PastPerfect Simple PresentSimplePassive 4 a) Sheteaches English. PastSimplePassive b) Shesteaching English while shesin b) Fin in the gaps in these roles with continuous, perfect, simple Berlin. or passive. 5 a) When we got there, the classstarted. b) When we got there, theclass had .We usuallyuse verb formsto talk aboutthings that started. are repeated,permanentor completed. 6 a) Antonio repaired his car last week. .We usuallyuse verb formsto talk aboutthings that b) Antonios carwas repaired lastweek. arein progress,temporary unfinished. or .We usuaUy use verb formsto talk aboutthings that a) Read about connecttwo differenttime periods (the pastand fue present,~tc.). Michelles language .We usuallyuse verb forms whenwe aremore learning experiences. interestedin what happens somebody somethingthan in to or Choose the correct who or what doesthe action. verb forms. C)Look at the verb forms in pink in the article. Which are 1 1~~ve started activity verbs? Which are state verbs? Then choosethe correct studying Spanish word in this roleo after 1 2went/was going to Argentina on holiday last year. 1 3dnever .We dont usuallyuse activity/state ver~sin continuousverb forms. been/neverwent to South Arnerica before d) Check in Language Surnmary 11m pl14. and 1 couldnt speak a word of Spanish. While 1 4hadtravelled/wastravelling around the country; 1 Spicked up/waspicking up enough words and phrases to get by. 1 6told/wastold that rny pronunciation 7was/was being quite good, so when 1 got borne 1 8decided/was deciding to leam Spanish properly. A friend 9recommended/ wasrecommendeda school and 1 10go/ve been going there for about six rnonths. 1 11always enjoy/m always enjoyingthe lessons and the language 12teaches/is taught in a cornrnunicative way. 1 13think/mthinking that 1 14m learning/velearned a lot since 1 started. Its not all fun, though -at the rnornent 1 1Sstudy/m studying for rny first exarn! b)lID Listen and check. Tum to pIIO. Follow the instructlons.
  8. 8. Vocabulary education Grammar uses of auxiliaries Help with listening contractions Review verb formsVocabulary Education a) Work in pairs. What is the difference between these words/phrases? Check .. new words/phrases in &m pl13. , a state school,a private school . .. 2 a university;a college,a campus 3 an undergraduate, graduate, a ... a postgraduate ... 4 a degree, Masters, PhD a a 5 a tutor, a lecturer,a professor 6 a tutorial, a seminar, a lecture .. 7 fees,a studentloan, a scholarship 8 a subject,a course,a career TIPI .We only show the main stress(.) in words/phtases. b) Choose eight words/phrases in 1a) that are connected to you or people you know. c) Work in pairs. Take tums to tell each othérwhy you chose those words. Ask follow-up questions. I chose lecturebeca I went a use to aninteresting lecture yesterday. (Oh?~hatwas~t abou.!2Listening and Grammar a) Work in groups. Discuss these questions. 1 TIM Youwent to Professor Lees geography aJ yesterday,didnt you? , Have you, or has anyone you know, been to university or college? Did youlthey MIA Yeah, but 1 didntunderstácfid very mucho enjoy it? What did youlthey study? TIM Ne.ither did l. 2 What problems do you think students 2 TIM And its a huge campus -1 keep gettingbJ ! have during their first week at university? MIA Yes,so do t Yesterday1 B}};:wi~l~fi~ around for ages looking 3 TIM Well, at least you fifjúfia it in the end. Maybe you should gel a for the c) b)1m Look at the photos. Mia and Tiro are university students. This is their first d) week. Listen and tick thethings they talk MIA ! about. 4 TIM MIA Didhe? brother... Has My he found that acourse. job yet? He graduated last tI 8 a lecture 8 transport problems 8 food 8 accommodation 5 MIA And what. you ~_? 8 getting lost 8 money TIM Geography and economics. Most people ~1!ír:1i)l(¡ economics is 8 courses theyre doing 8 weekend plans reallyg)_, , but 1 dÓ1i)f. 6 TIM Anyway, Ió you ttie!here on campus? MIA No, 1 dont. 1 W:t$ijtCJ~d it was really h) , .
  9. 9. 1 B Vocabulary and Grammar IJ a) Mia and Tiro meet again in the cafeteria the next dar. Fill in the gaps in their conversation with the correct positive or negative auxiliaries. Use a) Look again at Tim and Mias sentencesin 3. contractions where possible. Name the verb forms in Ilu:e. TIM Hi, Mia. 1_H~y~- had lunch yet? you didnt understand-Past Simple MIA Yes,1 2 .But 1 can stay and chal for a bit. b} Which of fue verb forms inllue in 3 haveauxiliaries? TIM Great! So, what 3 you do lastnight? Which two verb forms dont haveauxiliaries? MIA Well, 1 4 going to go out with some friends, but 1 5 in the end. 1 6 catch up on c} Completefueseroles with be,do or have. some sleep, though. 1 was in bed by 10.30! .We make all continuous verb forrnswith: TIM It 7 been a busy few days, B it? + verb+ing. MIA Yes, it 9 .And 11° need my sleep! .We make all perfectverb forrnswith: TIM Me toa. Er, what 11 you doing this evening? + pastparticiple. MIA Nothing special. Why 12 you ask? TIM Well, 1 13 going to see a bando .We make all passiveverb forrnswith: + pastparticiple. MIA 14 you? That sounds fun! TIM SO15 you fancy coming along? .In the Present Simpleand PastSimplewe usea form of to make questions negatives. and MIA Yeah,sure. Call me later. Heres my number. TIM Thanks. Oh, by the wa~ 16 you find your TIPI .We also use modal verbs (will, wauld,can,cauld, lecture yesterday? etc.) as auxiliaries: Ill (= will) da my best. MIA Yes,1 17 And 1 1B even need a.map! d) CheckinaIJ pl15. b) ..Listen and check. C) Change these sentencesto avoid repeating verbs or a) Look at these other uses of auxiliaries. Match the phrases. phrases in pink in 3 to a)-f). 1 1 dont speakGerman,but my youngerbrother a) a question lag didntyou? sl:!eftlt9German. does b) an echo question to show interest 2 Ian didnt go to college,but bis sisterwent to college. c) to agree with somebody with so or neither 3 My parentshaventbeenthere, but weve beenthere. d) to avoid repeating a verb or phrase 4 Penny doesntlike golf, but her brothers like golf. e) a short answer to a yes/no question s Were not going out tonight, but theyre going out f) to add emphasis tonight. b)Checkin.pl15. 6 Tom enjoyed the play;but 1 didnt enjoy the play. a) Work in pairs. Choose one of these situations In spokenEng1ish often contractthe auxi1iaries we am, or invent your own. Then write a one-minute are,is, have,has,had,will and would.We a1socontract conversation between the people. lnclude at least five different uses of auxiliaries from 4c) and 5a). negatives(dont,wasnt, wont,etc.). .two studentswho are sharing a house " a) DIJ Listen to these pairs of sentences.Which do .two friends who are lost on their way to a party you hear first? .a couple trying to decidewhere to go on holiday 1 a)Shes made ir. b)Shemadeir. .two students talking about theirschool, college 2 a)Hed started ir. b)He started ir. or university 3 a)Youre taught ir. b) You taughtir. 4 a)Ive 10stir. b) I 10st ir. b) Practise the conversation with your partner S a)We11 watch ir. b)We watch ir. until you can remember it. 6 a) I wont buy ir. b) I want to buy ir. Q) a) Work in groups of four with another pair. Take b) GIl Listen and write six sentences.You will hear turns to Tole-playyour conversations. Guess the eachsentencetwice. relationship between the people. C)Work in pairs. Compare sentences.Which b) Role-playone of your groups conversations for auxi1iariesare contracted in eachsentence? the class. ,., , " --,.~-~~",._~---,l.
  10. 10. Vocabulary verb patterns (1) Skills Reading:Under examination; Listening: Exam stories Help with Listening sentence stress QUICK REVIEW I and rhythm Write tour interesting things about yourself or people you know. Work in pairs. Review verb forms; echo questions Take turns to say your sentences. Respond with an echo question and a follow-up question. A {ve been scuba diving a few times. B Ha ve you? Where did you go? Reading and Vocabulary a) Read the article again. Tick the true sentences. Correct the false ones. a) Work in pairs. Discuss these questions. 1 He didnt sleep the night before bis maths exam. 1 Do you think examsare a good way to tes1 2 The writer talked to bis classmates before bis triaths exam. studentsknowledge?Why?/Why not? 3 He thinks children have to do toa much writing in exarns. 2 What do you think is the best way to 4 He doesnt think that everything children learn at school is usefu revise for exams? 5 He wants bis daughters to leave school at 16. b) Read the article. Is jeremy Rarris for or 6 He uses bis knowledge of maths a lot in bis daily liCeo against exams?Why? b) Work in pairs. Compare answers. ~~... ~ ~ ~ / rv lo ( ~ // ,e ~ i ~ ,~ " ;i1? .~" 11 _ jj~j<;j!:;;oI:)31F. .>r-2 c ...~~ " . "O 1M",,=-1j7CC.." jLl;¡ C !. ~ 14fA "f~ ;;. Je..en1.V Ha is looks back on his o" , Jj r- experiences of school exams. Is a three-hour memory test ~ ¡1 " ¡¡.¡ ~ 2 1) -=1~ ~ I ts be en years since 1 last did an realiy a good way to find ",,- J ,. exam, but the out how much children I}¡ memories of my O know? Kids always end up I Levels* are still forgetting almost everything ~ (x# 7){L~.41: disturbingly fresh. 1 they learn at school anyway. 1/ remember staying (Can you remember secondlawof thermodynarnics fue ! i ::: j¡J¡! ~ up all night before glllt my maths exam, or who invented the light trying to learn dozens of equations by bulb? I thought not.) Personally heart. The next dar 1 ~voide(7.1 sitting next to my friends on the school bus and refused I r(!igr~:t spending so much time at school learning things Ive never II~ (~ to talk to anyone outside the exam hall in need~d to know since -and these days case they fui;tdé me forget everything Id you can find out everything on the Internet learned. When the teacher finally i;tlldwea anyway. twice as much as someone who left school us to pick up our pens, 1 immediately Of course, I still ~~~ifiurage my at 16. So 1 ~feten:d to believe that exams wrote clown the equations in case1 might daughters to take their GCSEs seriously are a good idea, and 1 always remember to need them during the exam. 1 didnt, of and I i¡¡i6~~~. them both to continue wish my daughters luck before each Que. course, but 1 still have nightmares about studying next year. Emily l!)(ifi~es become to By the way, 1 did ~~¡;!;g~ to pass my the whole experience. a journalist and Im trying to ~rauade maths O Level, but since then nobodys Back then 1 never stopped to think if Julia to go to medical school. Theyre both ever ~l:I:~~ me to do calculus or draw a exams were a good idea, but now that my very bright, but they find it hard to graph. The way 1 see it, if you need to twin daughters are doing their GCSEs*, concentrate. They usualiy study for half an add up a few numbers, try using a Im ~~giññmr~ to wonder whether exams hour and then stop to cali their friends or calculator. So maybe its time to stop are actually worth doing at all. Why do watch TZ However, we all know that testing how much children remember and we still r();~~ kids to sit in an overheated qualifications 1:~1~people gel jobs, and t~!~ them to be better bullan beings gym and write until their arms fall off? a graduate in the UK -earn nearly instead. *0 Leve!= examsthat 16-year-olds the UK took before*GCSEs in = examsthat 16-year olds in the UK take(J,~b3~t~Q.r/,
  11. 11. 1C Vocabulary and Skills " a)" Listenagain.Write six words/phrases help to you remember eachstory.C) a) Look at fue verbs in blue in fue article. Write the infinitive forrns of these verbs in the table. b) Work in newpairs.Take turns to tell eachotherone of the stories.lnclude as much detailas possible. avoid i + verb+ing refuse + infinitive with to .In spokenEnglishwe usually only stressthe words that give the rnaininforrnation. This givesEnglish its naturalrhythm. make + object + infinitive -a) IDI Listen to the beginning of the first exam aLLow + object + infinitive story. Notice the stressedwords. with to My worst exam moment happened when I was cau!jht might + infinitive cheating by my múm after a h7storyexam. I realiy liked history classes, but I clidn t have a very good memory. b} Write these verbs in the table in 3a). Some verbs can go in more than one place. b) Work in pairs. Look again at 7a). Which parts of - speechare usually stressed?Which are usually could would rather prefer keep let start unstressed? seem should dont mind continue finish adjectives -stressed possessive adjectives -unstressed forget lave had better like pay hate c) Look at the next part of the story. Which words do plan convince miss enjoy decide you think are stressed? So on the moming of the examI wrote loads of C) Look at the verbs in pink in the article. important factsand figures on the insides of my shirt Match the verb forms to the meanings. cuffs. I madesure that I gol to the exam room really 1 remember+ verb+ing early so I could sil at the back. 2 remember+ infinitive with to d) IDI Listen and check. a) remember something that you did before e) Look at Rl.6, p143. Listen to the stories again. b) make a mental note to do something in the future Notice the sentencestress and rhythm. 3 stop + verb+ing 4 stop + infinitive with to c) stop something that you were doing d) stop doing one thing in order to do something else 1 What was the last exam you did? How did you feel 5 try + verb+ing 6 try + infinitive with to before, during and after it? 2 What was the hardest exam youve ever taken? e) make an effort to do something difficult 3 Have you ever done an oral exam? What was it like? f) do something in order to solve a problem 4 Do you know any other interesting or funny stories d) Checkin lB pl13. about exams? If so, tell the group." Work in pairs. StudentA -+ plO4. StudentB -+ plO7. Follow the instructiollS. Listening" a) Check these wordswith yourteacher or in a dictionary. . l_~~__.:~~~~~t.:~~~~-,~~~~.~ b) Work in pairs. Look at pictures A and B. What do you think is happening in eachone? c) ..Listen and check your answers to 5b).
  12. 12. Real World keeping a conversation going Help with Fluency sentence stress and rhythm Review verb patterns; echo questions; question tags Work in groups. Discuss these questions. 1 Where can you do evening classes in your town/city? 2 Have you, or has anyone you know, ever done any evening classes? If so, which ones? 3 Look at the advert. Which two evening classes would you like to do? Why? a) lID Listen to a conversation between two friends, Kim and Sue. Tick the evening classes that Kim is doing. b) Listen again. Answer these questions. 1 How long ago did Kim and Sue last meetup? 2 What did Kim have to do in her last creative writing class? 3 What did she gel for her birthday? 4 Which classdoesshe find difficult? 5 Why doesshe find the eveningclasses helpful? 6 Who doesshe go to her danceclasswith? 7 How long is Suegoing to be in the USA? We often use short questions to keep a conversation going and to show interest. a) FilI in the gaps in short questions 1-10 with these words. come as 1 Hows it --901119---? 6 What are you doing? a)1m Listen to eight 2 Whys ? 7 Such ? sentences.For eachsentence you 3 Like , exactly? 8 How ? hear, complete these short 4 How do you ? 9 In what ? questions with a preposition. 5 Whats the teacher ? 10 What of dancing? 1 What __aPQ_ut.? b) Fin in the gaps in these parts of the conversation with a preposition. 2 Where ? KIM I go every week- 3 Who ? SUEReally? Who ? 4 What ? 5 Who ! SUE Im off to the USA on Sunday. 6 Who ? KIM Are you? How long ? 7 How long ? TIP! .We also use echo questions (KIMIts reaIly difficult, actuaIly. SUE it?) 15 8 Who ? and questions with question tags (Its been ages, hasnt it?) to keep a b)1m Listen and check. Are conversation going. prepositions in short questions c) Check in ~I pl15. stressed or unstressed?.--
  13. 13. ~ a) Readthe next part of Sueand Language Summary 1, p113 Kimsconversation. in the gaps Fin with oneword. s First, lm going to my cousins a) Fill in the gaps with these Choose correct . the words. words. Then use phrases 1-7 wedding in Seaule. A Did/Have you ever studied a to make true or false sentences K 1__A(~:- you? Who 2 ? subject you 2havent/didnt like? about yourself.1m s My brother, Frank. Im rather " ,r B 1 3did/wasstudy IT for ayear, nervous about the whole thing, which was a bit boring. You work bit few up by of in though. with computers, 4do/dont you? K Really? How 3 ? A Yes,1 sam/do.1 write software. 1 Im fluent __in_- ... s Frank and 1 dont really gel on B GAfe/Do you? 7Didnt/Wasntyour 2 1 only know a words of ... particularly well. father work for a software 3 Id like to be bilingual ..- K How do you 4 ? company? 4 5 1 used cant to speak word speak a some ..., but its sEr, we tend to argue quite a loto A No, he 8didnt/wasnt actually, but K Yes, families can be difficult, my brother 9does/is.l,om/was are you doing? And what 6 5 they? a rusty now. going to work for the same 6 1 can gel in ... company, but l"didnt/wasntin S After the wedding lm going on a 7 1 picked a bit of ...when ... the end. trip that my friend Brads b) Work in pairs. Ten your partner organised. your sentences.Guess which Fillinthe~ withthecorrect K 7 you? What 8 verb formo EíD sentencesare truco of trip? 1 to meet/meeting s Were going walking in the CJ Work in pairs. Underline and . a) He remembers me in Rockies. correct the incorrect verb forms in 2001. K How long 9 ? b) 1 forgot Jo at the airport. these sentences.1m s Five days. Oh, 1 cant wait! 1 Yesterday lve spem an hour in 2 to tell/telling b)lID Listenandcheck. the park. lt was very relaxing. a) 1 expect them me soon. 2 lm needing a new dictionary. b) 1 regret them about that. 1 10stmine last month. 3 to drink/drinking Helpwith Fluency 3 My English is quite good. a) Ive stopped coffee. 1 learn it since 2004. b) 1 persuaded him some 4 1 10st my English book last week, a)mm Look at Rl.lO, p144. water. but it handed in at reception last Listenagain.Noticethe sentence 4 to talk/talking stressand rhythm. night. 5 Kim was back from ltaly since a) She refused to me. b) D Work in pairs. Practise b) 1 avoided " to him. Monday. She had a great time. the conversation Rl.lO, p144 in 6 1 realised that 1 meet Samir 5 to be/being until you can remember Then it. before. a) 1 pretended asleep. claseyour booksand havethe 7 My sister phoned while 1 talked b) 1 kept woken up. conversationagain. to use Try to John. naturalsentence stress rhythm. and TIPI .D = pronounciation. f) a) Write the words connected I to education. UD ; , a) Tick the things you can do 1 ttilauor t utorial I in English. D Work in new pairs. Rave two conversations. Use these ideas or 2 cpmusa 3 guraated c g .! ; can talk aboutmy languageability. your own. Ask each other questions 4 leeructr 1 , , , to keep the conversationsgoing. 5 crhholssiap 6 eeergd s d . . : ! can talk abouteducation. .your work or studies .a problem you have b) Work in pairs. Compare . ! I can ask andanswerdetailedquestions aboutthe present the pasto and .a place you lave going to answers. Thenthink of six more: I can understand articlewhich an .something interesting youve words/phrases connected to :: expresses specific point ofview. a done lately education. : .your plans for next weekend .something you areJarent looking c) Tell your partneraboutyour . : . : LJ 1 can use short questions keep a conversation to goingeffectively. education. : forward to . : b) What do you need to study again? SeeCD-ROM [~mI. i""¡rr . , ,..
  14. 14. -- Reading,Ustening and Grammar" a) Read part of a web page on health. Try to ful in gaps 1-4 with these percentages. E~~~ b) Work in pairs. Compare answers. Then check on Do you think a similar survey done in your c) p159. country would produce the sameresults? Why?/Why not? C) a) Look at the photos of Cassy and Ted, tWO people who took part in the survey.Who do yoU think says sentences1-3 and who do you think says sentences4-6? 1 Every dar when 1 gethome from work, 111 have a coffeeand hall a packet of chocolatecookies. Z 1 know what llike and 1 eat what llikeo 3 My moms always telling me what 1 should and shouldnt eat. , 4 But when 1 was a teenager get up in the ld moming and go straight to the cookie jaro 5 1 used to be addicted to chocolatechip cookies-my moroused to hide them from me. 6 And then 1 read a lot of books about health and nutrition, and 1 knew 1 had to changeo b) GIl Listen and check. Tick the sentences in 28) when you hear them. c) Listen again. Answer these questions. 1 What doesCassysay about French and z Americaneating habits? Has Cassys attitude to food everchanged? 3 Who is healthier, Cassyor her mother? 4 DoesTed ever eatthings that are unhealthy? 5 Why doeshe checkfood labels all the time? 6 What doeshe say aboutjapaneseand American .o .,
  15. 15. 2A Vocabulary and Grammar " a) Read about Teds parents, Georgeand Kath. Fin in the gaps with the correct form " a} Look at fue verb forms in bold in sentences1-3 of the verbs in brackets. in 2a). Complete these roles with PresentSimple, Sometimesthere is more will + infinitive or PresentContinuous. than one possible answer. .We use the to talk aboutpresent Beforewe 1_g_Qt (get) habits,repeatedactionsand states. married,Boston. Then in (live) in Kath and I 2 .We oftenuse fue with alwaysto talk about presenthabitsand repeated actionsthat 1996we 3 (move) to New York, where annoyus or happenmore thanusual. we 4 (have) a small apartment. Back then .We canuse to talk aboutrepeated more often than not we 5 (stay) at borne in the and typical behaviourin the presento dont We eveningbecause 6 we (not have) much moDero usual1y this verb form with stateverbs for this use Tedsays that1 7 (alwaysgo on) about how meaning. poor we8 (be) then, but its true. For example, every so often we 9 (buy) Teda burger as a treat, b} Look at these sentences.Which talks about but Kath and I 1° (nevereat) out. But now that repeated and typical behaviour? Which talks about we 11 (have) more moneywe 12 (go) a future action? to restaurantsquite a loto In fact, most weeks we 1 Sometimes111 things 1 know are unhealthy. eat 13 (eat) out at leasttwice. Most of the time we 2 Tonight 111 probably have a burger. 14 (go) to local restaurants,but once in a while we 15 (drive) up to Bostonand go to one of our C} Look at the verb forms in bold in sentences4-6 favourite restaurantsthere. I really 16 (love) in 2a). Complete fuese roles with Past Simple, would + infinitive or used to + infinitive. Bostonand every now and again 117 (think) about moving back there, but Kath 18 (always .We use the and to tell) me thatsunrealistic. talk about pasthabits,repeatedactionsand states. .We canuse to talk aboutpasthabits b) Work in pairs. Compare answers. and repeated actions.We dont usual1y this verb use form with stateverbs. Vocabulary Expressing frequency TIPI .We dont use usedto or would + infinitive for a) Put the words/phrases in bold in 4 and 5a)into something that only happenedonce: In 20031 gaveup these groups. Check in 1m pl16. smoking.not In ~gJ.3 used giveJi¡;5f1-;;;ki~g. 1 te lower frequency rareiy higher frequency frequentiy d} Check 1m in p116. b) Write four true and four false sentencesabout your eating habits. Use words/phrases from 6a). Look at these sentences. Are both verb forms c) Work in pairs. Ten each other your sentences. possible? If not, choose the correct one. Guess which of your partners sentencesare true. , Last night Jdhave/~two burgers for dinner and I usedto feel/1 felt a bit sick afterwards. 2 1 rarely drink coffee now, but at one time itd be/ it usedto be my favourite drink. Make notes on the differences between your life five 3 1 seldom par attention to government reports years ago and your life now. Use these ideas or your about food because theyd change/theYre always own. changing their advice. 8 sleeping habits 8 work or study 4 I walk/Jll walk to work just for the exercise and 8 free time activities 8 taste in music/films/ 1 frequently go/am going to the gym. 8 time with friends TV programmes 5 Occasionally I eat/J1leat vegetables, but only and family .places you have lived because J1l know/1know theyre good for me. 8 sport and exercise 8 annoying habits 6 I alwaysworry/Jm alwaysworrying about my diet. 7 Once I usedto try/1 tried not adding salt to my food. a) Work in groups. Discuss how your life now is It tasted awful! different from your life five years ago. Use language 8 When 1 was younger, I didnt useto like/1wouldnt from 3. like coffee. b) Ten the class about the person whose life h~s changedthe mosto"
  16. 16. Vocabulary feelings and opinions Grammar be used to, get used to Review present and past habits Vocabulary Feelings opinions and a) Look at the adjectives in boldo Then choose the correct prepositions. Check in 1m pIIó. 1 lm terri6ed forl@flying. 2 lm fascinated by/lar other cultures. 3 1 always gel excited of/abouttravelling to new places. 4 lm usually satis6ed for/with the service1 gel on planes. 5 lm shocked by/with how little somepeople know about my country. 6 1 was quite disappointed in/DIthe last place 1 went to on holiday. 7 1 was impressed DI/bythe facilities at the last hotel 1 stayedin. 8 lm not aware t%f any dangersfor travellers Letter frOIll abroad in my country, by PeterTaylor 9 My country is famous for/about its historical Ive always been fascinatedby Mexico, even as buildings, 10 lm very fond of/with spicy food. a child. So 1 was excited about coming here from 11 lm not SUTe about/forthe need for so many Callada as a foreign correspondent, and since security checks at airports, 1 arrived 1 haventbeen disappointed in anything. 12 Im sick of/at the weatherweve beenhaving Its such a wonderful country full of colours, sounds and smells that are so different from those recently. back home. Before 1 carne here,Id read that b) Tick the sentencesin 1 a) that are true for you. Mexico had a much slower pace of life than Callada -but 1 soon c) Work in pairs. Take tums to say the sentences realised they werent talking about Mexico City. Waking up early enough to avoid the 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. msh hour wasnt easyat first, you ticked. Ask follow-up questions. but now 11mused to getting up at 5 a.m. every day. ( Im terrified of flying.l -- ~--.""-- -."J"b../ Really?When the] was And as for driving here,21m slowly getting used to it -but when1 first arrived I was absolutelyterrified of being in a caroThis is a city lasttime you flew? of 20 million peopleand it feelslike theyre all on fue fijad at the sametime. But dont getme wrong, Im really impressedwith fue way Readingand Grammar Mexicans drive, theyreamazing.And of coursethere are mIes of the fijad -it just takes a while for 3a foreigner to get used to them. ti) a) Look at the photo. Which city do you think For example,Ive learned to ignore traffic lights. For months I this is? Why? annoyedevery traffic cop in Mexico City by stopping at red lights b) Check these words/phrases with your teacher while they were desperately trying to keep the traffic moving. Also or in a dictionary. 41 wasnt used to people driving so close to me. In factyou cant .. a foreigncorrespondentthe rushhour get a Mexican tortilla betweenone car and another! Ves,driving in Mexico City is educationaland exciting -and its ignore atortilla a pedestrian certainly a lot less dangerous than walking! I have to admit that 51stiU havent got used to being a pedestrian here. Can you C)Read the article. What does the writer think imagine how difficult it is to crossthe fijad in this city? is the hardest thing to deal with in this city? 6111Rever get used to doing that!,"
  17. 17. " a}Read articleagain. the WhatdoesPeter Taylor about say thesethings? a) bis job d) traffic lights b) the rush hour e) the distance between cars c) Mexican drivers f) walking in the city b} Workin groups. Discuss these questions. , How does the traffic in Mexico City compare to the traffic in the capital city of your country? 2 Do youdrive in cities very often? If so, do you enjoy it? Why?/Why not? 3 Have you ever driven in a foreign country? Ifso, where? What was it like? " a) Look at the photos of Peters colleagués and fue places where they work. Then fill in fue gaps with fue correct a) Look at phrase 1 in the article. Answer positive or negative form of be used to or get used to. these questions. Sometimes there is more than one possible answer. 1 Did Peterfind it difficult to gel up at ( , 1 _~m__IJQt._u,s:~-c;t_t.Q- all the customs yet -like its rude to-blow 5 a.m. when he first arrived in Mexico? your nose in publico 2 Is it difficult for him now? 2 It was hard to just eating rice for breakfast. b) Look at phrases1 and 2 in fue article. Complete 3 1 sleeping in daylight, so 1 find it difficult fuesemIes with gel used toand be usediD. in the summer when it never gets dark. .We use to talk aboutthings that 4 1 dont think 111 ever the written language are familiar and no longerstrangeor difficult -it has three alphabets. for uso 5 temperatures The summers ofhere about arent 30°C very in the warm summer, and 1 , .We use to talk aboutthings that 6 1 finding my way around new places using becomefamiliar,lessstrangeor lessdifficult a mar, but 1 cant read the maps here. overa period of time. b) Work in pairs. Compare answers.Who said fue c) Look at phrases 1-6 in the article. Choose sentences in 6a), Marcus or Erin? the correct words/phrases in these mIes. .After beused and getusedto we use to a) Make four sentencesabout your family using be used to theinfinitive/verb+ing. or get usedto. .After beusedto and getusedto we can/cant b) Work in pairs. Compare answers. Are any the same? usea noun or a pronoun. d) Match phrases 1-6 in the article to these forros of be used to or get used to. a) PresentSimple 1 Write five of these things on a piece of paper. Dont b) PresentContinuous write them in ibis arder. c) PresentPerfectSimple d) PastSimple Somethingthat you ... e) will + infinitive .are used to doing during the week f) infinitive with to .dont think youll ever gel used to .wiIl have to gel used to in the future e) What is the difference in meaning between .would find it impossibleto gel used to these two sentences? .werent used to doing at one time, but you are now 1 I usedto live in fvtexico City. .are getting used to at the moment 2 Jmusedto livingin fvtexico City. D a) Work in pairs. Swappapers.Taketurns to ask f) Checkin IDJ pl17. your partneraboutthe thingshe/she written. has Ask follow-upquestions possible. if b) Tell the classtwo things you found out aboutyour lB 11 Listen practise. and partner. /m üsedto /ju:st;}/ getting üp at 5 a.m. every dáy.
  18. 18. VocabuLary word building (1): suffixes SkiLLs Reading: Timely tips; Listening: Saving time HeLp with Listening linking (1): consonant-vowellinks; linking Irl sounds Review feelings and opinionsWork in pairs. Discuss these questions.1 How do you remember appointments, things you need to buy, peoples birthdays, etc.?2 Do you usually do everything you plan todo each dar? If not, why not?a) Check these words with your teacheror in a dictionary.b) Read the article about how to manageyour time efficiently. Match headings a)-i)to tips 1-9.a) Make lists _tip__L b) c) Find Listen out to how your long body things clock take , d) f) e) h) C) i) g) Read Combine Choose Leam Allow Dont Dont theto procrastinate say several for noprioritiesmistakesagain. aim time your article to be perfect activities In what way can you: , help your memory? 2 prioritise? 3 be SUTe of what you can achieve in a certain time? 4 avoiddoing things that others should do? 5 approach a job that you dont want to do? d) Work in groups. Discuss these questions. , Which of the tips surprised ron? Why? 2 Which do you already do? 3 Which would you like to try? Why? 4 Which dont you think would be useful? Why not?
  19. 19. 2C Vocabulary and Ski lis ,,: a) mil Listen again. Tick the true sentences. Correct the falsec ones. a} Work in pairs. Complete the table with the , Nancy didnt use to buy all the food at one time. words in bold in the article. ."" 2 Sheusesher computer to make lists. verb r noun adjective 1 adverb 3 She still tries to make the perfectsandwich. prefer 4 Jake found all of the time management coursehelpful. 5 He doesntlike the idea of multitasking. decisively 6 He agreesthat you shouldnt aim for perfection. 3 originate b) Work in pairs. Compare answers. 4 really convince convincingly We usuallylink words that end in a consonant sound with weaken words that startwith a vowelsound. In British English, whena word endsin -r or -re,we on1ysayfue Irl sound when fue next word beginswith a vowelsound. ~ a)1m Listen to these words/phrases. Notice the recognition recognisable I linking Irl sounds. b) Look at the table again. Do we use these 1 later later~/r¡.:.on 4 more mor.r,/r/,",often suffixes for verbs (V), nouns (N), adjectives 2 far far~/r/.J1way 5 another another~/r¡hour (ADJ) or adverbs (ADV)? 3 better better~/r/jdea 6 sure sur.g./r/.J1bout b)1m Listen again to the beginning of what Nancy says. Notice the consonant-vowellinks and linking Ir/. /ve been runnin~a sandwich deLiveryservi~in the cent~/r/~of the city foC/r/-oveC/r/-9 year. WherU first starte~1 wasted LoadS-9f time becau~1 wasnLaLaLLorganised. C) Look at the verbs in the table. Which verbs change their spelling when a suffix is added? c) Work in pairs. Look at what Nancy says next. Draw decide-+ decision the consonant-vowellinks and linking Irl sounds. d) Check in IIIIpl16. After Id started making the sandwichesId realise that I hadnt got everything I neededfor all the different fillings. That meant Id have to spend another hour in a)1m D Listenand practise.Notice how the the supermarketor evena couple of hours sometimes! stresschanges. d) Look at Rl.4, p144. Check your answers. prefer preference preferabLe preferabiy e)1m Listen again and read what Nancy says. b) Work in pairs. Taketurns to test your Notice the linking. partner on the word familiesin 3a). (;~~~~~) 1m Listen to Nancy andjake. Which three time managementtips from the article does each person talk about? Write their llames next to the headings in 2b). Which tip do they both talk about?.!

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