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crops ppt

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crops ppt

  1. 1. • A crop is any cultivated plant, fungus, or alga that is harvested for food, clothing, live stock fodder, biofuel medicine, or other uses. • Major crops include sugarcane, pumpkin, maize (corn), wheat, rice, cassava, soybeans, hay, potatoes and cotton
  2. 2. • FOOD CROPS • CASH CROPS • INDUSTRIAL CROPS
  3. 3. • Food crops are any plants intentionally grown with the primary purpose of being eaten by humans or animals. • There are two basic criteria that differentiate food crops from other plants. The first is that a person must intentionally plant and/or care for them and the second is that they must be primarily used for food. Both of these factors are absolute requirements for the term.
  4. 4. • Food crops There are hundreds of different crops grown for food around the world. Most belong to the Plant Division Angiospermae (also known as Anthophyta) which is commonly known as "the flowering plants". Here's a link that briefly describes some of the important features that can be used to distinguish members of this group. Crop Scientific Name Area Harveste d (million ha) Producti on (million metric tons) Family Annual or Perennial Wheat Triticum aestivum 211 568 Poaceae† Annual Rice, Paddy Oryza sativa 146 579 Poaceae Annual Maize Zea mays 139 602 Poaceae Annual
  5. 5. • A cash crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit. It is typically purchased by parties separate from a farm. The term cash crop is applied exclusively to the agricultural production of plants. • Prices for major cash crops are set in commodity markets with global scope, with some local variation (termed as "basis") based on freight costs and local supply and demand balance.
  6. 6. • An industrial crop is a crop grown to produce goods to be used in the production sector, rather than food for consumption. Industrial crops impact the economy by providing a product which lessens the need for imports. • Purpose of industrial crops industrial crops is a designation given to an enterprise that attempts to raise farm sector income, and provide economic development activities for rural areas. Industrial crops also attempt to provide products that can be used as substitutes for imports from other nations

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