Parts of speech


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A presentation by the girls of grade 7 in St' Anne's English Medium School, Kuttur, Thrissur, Kerala, India.

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Parts of speech

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. 2
  4. 4. It is a word used as the name of person, place orthing. All objects that we see, hear, taste , touch orsmell and some of that we can think of , but cannotperceive by senses, come under ‘ thing ‘ .Example 1. My house is as beautiful as TajMahal2. Asoka was a great king .3. The sun shines bright ..4
  5. 5. There are various types of nouns usedin several occasions . They are :● Proper Noun● Common Noun● Collective Noun● Material Noun● Abstract Noun5
  6. 6. Proper NounThe name of a particular place or person.e g: Sita , Calcutta , Ganges, etc.Common NounName in common given to the same kind.e g: Man , Woman , Town , etc.Collective NounThe name given for a collection.e g: Crowd , Fleet , Family , etc.Material NounName of any subject.e g: Copper , Wood , Iron , etc.Abstract NounThe name given to a quality , state or an action .e g: Theft , laughter , wisdom , etc.DefinitionsWithExample.6
  7. 7. A pronoun is a word that is used instead of anoun.e g: 1. She is a doctor.2. I love my pet.3. We are going to play hockey.7
  8. 8. There are three types of pronouns. They are:• Personal pronouns• Relative pronouns• Interrogative pronouns8
  9. 9. Personal pronounsThe Personal pronouns are so called, because theystand for the three persons.e g: I, we, thou, yours, she, him, etc.Relative pronounsThe pronouns who, whom, whose, which and thatwhich join two sentences and refer back to nouns goingbefore them are called Relative pronouns.e g: His, It, which, whom, whose, him, etc.Interrogative pronounsPronouns used for asking questions are calledInterrogative pronouns.e g: What, whose, which, who, etc.9
  10. 10. Words which say something are called verb .All saying words are called verb.e g: 1. The girl types.2. The candles burns brightly.3. Asoka is discussing.10
  11. 11. There are two types of verbs. They are:• Transitive verbs• Intransitive verbs11
  12. 12. Transitive verbA verb that requires an Object to completeits sense is called a Transitive Verb.e g : Birds fly.Intransitive verbA verb that does not require an object, but makes goodsense by itself is called an Intransitive Verb.e g :The man look healthy.12
  13. 13.  A verb which express a meaning ofits own is called a principle verb ora main verb. A verb which helpsanother verb to form a main verb iscalled an auxiliary verb. There are 24 auxiliary verbs. theyare; Has, have, had, is, am, are, was, were, be, been, being,will, would, shall, should may, might, must, do,…….does, did,13
  14. 14. Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs in the bracket.(gives, goes, comes, brings, collectsputs, rings)The newspaper boy…….. On his cycle everymorning. He ……. Us newspaper. He……..the bell and ……. The paper throughthe window. Then he …….the next houseand so on. On the first day of everymonth, he……..the bill and ……the amount.14
  15. 15. An adjective is a word used to add something to themeaning of the noun.e g : 1. A fat man has a brown dog.2. She is poor but happy.3. It was a cloudy day.15
  16. 16. There are eight types of adjectives. Four ofthem are:• Adjectives of Quality• Adjectives of Quantity• Numeral Adjectives• Interrogative Adjectives16
  17. 17. Adjectives of qualityThe adjectives good, cloudy, honest, etc., tell usof what kind a person or thing is. Such adjectives are calledAdjectives of Quality. Adjectives of Quality answer thequestion- ‘ Of what kind?’e g: He had enough bread.He wants some money.Adjectives of quantityThe adjectives much, a little, some, any, half, no tell ushow much of a thing is intended. Such adjectives are calledAdjectives of quantity. It answer the question- ‘Howmuch? ‘e g: Several men came to see the lion.Many women were there.17
  18. 18. Adjectives of number.The adjective all, many , several, five,some, most, that show how many persons orthings there are , or in what order any of themstands, are called adjectives of number.Adjectives of number answer the question –’How many?’ or ‘In what order?’example: This rabbit is mine.I want those mangoes.Interrogative AdjectivesNouns which are used to ask questionsare called interrogative adjective.example: what color is your hair?which house is yours?18
  19. 19. An adverb is a word which adds to themeaning of a verb, and tells us how a thing is done,when it is done or where it is done.e g: The bird sang sweetly.Hari came yesterday.19
  20. 20. There are 5 types of adverbs.• Adverbs of manner• Adverbs of place• Adverbs of time• Adverbs of number• Adverbs of degree20
  21. 21. Adverbs of mannerThe adverbs foolishly, slowly, neatly, fast etc showhow an action is done. Such adverbs are called adverbsof manner.e g: 1. She ran fast.2. The old man walked slowly.Adverbs of placeThe adverbs outside, everywhere, here, out, etcshow where an action is done. Such adverbs are calledadverbs of place.e g: 1. He will come today.2. The doctor is coming immediately.21
  22. 22. The adverbs today, tomorrow, daily, earlier,immediately, etc show when an action is done. Suchadverbs are called adverbs of time.e g. 1Anitha left early.2. The doctor is coming immediately.Adverbs of NumbersThe adverbs twice, always, often, seldom, onceetc show how often an action. Such adverbs are calledadverbs of numbers.e g 1.Twice the boy struck him.2. He seldom came here.22
  23. 23.  Words that tell us about position or relation ofone thing to another are called preposition. Apreposition is always followed by a noun ora pronoun. Preposition are used to show place,position and direction, when something happens,to say how people or things travel, how thingsare done and who does them. e g: 1. He stands near the gate. 2. He is in the garden. 3. Hari is fond of music.23
  24. 24.  SIMPLE PREPOSITION.(e .g.) At, by, for, from, in, of, off, on, out,through, to, till, up, with. COMPOUND PREPOSITION.(e.g.) Around, across, before, be, beside, into,out side,etc. PHRASE PREPOSITION.(e.g.) In accordance with , in regard to, onaccount of, in order to etc.24
  25. 25. Conjunctions are joining words thatlink together words or 2 differentparts of sentences. And , but, & or arethe three main coordinating conjunctions.e g 1. you and I are old friends.2. WE saw TajMahal and QutabMinar25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27.  Fill in the blanks with suitable conjunction:1. We could not go ……….. It was raining2.Work hard ………. You will fail.3. Wait here ……….. I return.4. Catch me ……….. You can.5. He is very wise ………. He is young.27
  28. 28.  Interjection is a word which express thesudden feelings like joy emotion desirelove etc. e g. hurray, alas etc. Alas! he is no more28
  29. 29. The words a, an, and the are called articles. The articles. Thearticle ‘an’ is placed before a word beginning with a vowel (a,e, i, o, u). The article ‘a’ is placed before a word beginningwith a consonant. We use the indefinite articles ‘a’ and ‘an’when we mention something for the first time. When we referit again, we use the definite article ‘the’. ‘The’ is also usedwhen we refer to a particular thing.e g : 1 . Making an omelets is so easy.2 . Sanjana is an Indian.3 . There is a big shopping mall on Jamesstreet.29
  30. 30.  Use a, an, or the wherever necessary;1) …… sun shines brightly.2) I first met him…… year ago.3) …… Ganga is….. sacred river.4) …… postman has put ….. letter under….door.5) …. pen that I have lost has…. gold cap.30