1
BREAST HEALTH
AWARENESS
BY JYOTSNA THAKUR JHA
At Calgary, Alberta, Canada
2
My health is important
 Staying healthy is important for you AND your family
3
 How do you stay healthy?
4
5
Breast
Breast
The breasts sit on the chest
muscles that cover the ribs.
Each breast is made of 15 to
20 lobes.
Lobes contain many smalle...
Do you know anyone who has had breast cancer?
7
Breast Cancer
Breast
Cancer
8
• 1 in 9 women in Alberta are diagnosed with breast cancerin their lifetime*
• Breast cancercan betreated when found ear...
9
Survivor
Most women receive treatment and survive.
 Breast cancer is always caused by a genetic
abnormality (a “mistake” in the genetic
material). However, only 5-10% of ca...
 2nd leading cause of death
 2nd most common cancer
 Incidence increases with age
 All women are at risk
12
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
...
13
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
...
14
FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE
• STEP 1: Knowhow your breasts normally LOOK &
FEEL.
15
Look & Feel
Every woman’s breasts are different.
16
• STEP 2: Knowwhat CHANGESto look for.
FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE
17
Size
Changesto the WHOLE BREAST
18
Shape
Changesto the WHOLE BREAST
19
Pain
Changesyou canFEEL
20• lumps
Lump
Changesyou canFEEL
21
• pulled inward
Nipple
Changesto the NIPPLE
22
Discharge
• discharge (bleeding)
Changesto the NIPPLE
23
Redness
• redness (bruise)
Changesto the SKIN
24
Rash or Itch
• rash or itch
Changesto the SKIN
25
Changesto the SKIN
Dimpleor Pucker
• dimple or pucker
26
• STEP 3: LOOK & FEEL for changes.
FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE
27
Look
28
Feel
29
Feel
30
Each whole breast
31
Above and below each breast
• above
• below
32
Under both arms
• armpit
 Menstruating women- 5 to 7
days after the beginning of
their period
 Menopausal women -
same date each month
 Pregnant...
34
• STEP 4: Talk to your doctor about any changes
right away.
FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE
When didyou seeyour doctorlast?
Have you ever hada clinical breast exam?
35
Doctor
 You should have a clinical breast exam
every yearstarting at age 40 36
Clinical Breast Exam
37
• STEP 5: Talk to your doctor about when you should have a
mammogram.
FIVESTEPS TO BEINGBREAST AWARE
38
• Mammograms are free for women in Alberta
39
Mammogram
• Women 50 – 69 years
old should have a
mammogram every 2
years
• Mammograms are free
for womenin Alberta
r
i
z
Average-size lump found by woman
practicing occasional breast self-exam
(BSE)
Average-size lump found by woman
pract...
 Risk factors increases your chances of having breast
cancer but does not causes it.
 Breast cancer results from the abn...
Gender: female (1% males)
Race: more common in whites
Age: increases as a woman gets
older.
Relative : (mother or sister)
...
Obesity
Diet: Fat, Alcohol
Lack of Physical Activity: Stress
Radiation Exposure
History of cancer: breast, uterus,
cervix,...
44
 Look and feel for any unusual
changes in your breasts
 See your doctor regularly for a
health check-up
Women20 to 39
45
Women40 to 49
Talk to your doctor about your risk of
breast cancer
Go for screening mammogram every
year as part of y...
46
Women 50 to 69
 Have a mammogram every two
years, unless your doctor tells you
otherwise
 Check your breasts regularl...
47
Women70+
 Talk to your doctor if you should
continue to have regular
mammograms
 Have your breasts checked every
year...
48
At any age
•Talk to your doctor right away if you
notice any changes to your breasts
REMEMBER, THESE
CHANGES DO NOT MEA...
49
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
CancerCancer
Cancer
Cancer
Cancer
YOU
DOCT...
What is Health Link?
How do I use Health Link?
50
403-943-5465
51
Press:
“I SPEAK_______”
Wait . . .
52
• Alberta Health Services Women’s
Health ResourcesCenter
For fullphysicalcheck-upincludingclinicalbreast exam
• Northea...
53
•The Canadian Breast CancerFoundation: http://www.cbcf.org/breastcancer/
•The Alberta Breast Cancer Screening Program:
...
54
If you have problems finding a doctor or getting a mammogram orif you
have any questions, please telephone
Tayyiba Khan...
 Touching the breasts too often will lead to
cancer
Talking about cancer causes cancer
 Using illegal drugs causes canc...
 Getting too many mammograms leads to
breast cancer.
 Mammograms are only used to evaluate
breast lumps.
 Breast cancer...
Breast health awareness amongst immigrant women in calgary
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Breast health awareness amongst immigrant women in calgary

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The presentation has been prepared for raising awareness amongst the immigrant women folk in Calgary as many of them are not aware of its facts and also they do share the common risk factors in the population.

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Breast health awareness amongst immigrant women in calgary

  1. 1. 1 BREAST HEALTH AWARENESS BY JYOTSNA THAKUR JHA At Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  2. 2. 2 My health is important
  3. 3.  Staying healthy is important for you AND your family 3
  4. 4.  How do you stay healthy? 4
  5. 5. 5 Breast Breast
  6. 6. The breasts sit on the chest muscles that cover the ribs. Each breast is made of 15 to 20 lobes. Lobes contain many smaller lobules. Lobules contain groups of tiny glands that can produce milk. Milk flows from the lobules through thin tubes called ducts to the nipple. The nipple is in the center of a dark area of skin called the areola. Fat fills the spaces between the lobules and ducts.
  7. 7. Do you know anyone who has had breast cancer? 7 Breast Cancer Breast Cancer
  8. 8. 8 • 1 in 9 women in Alberta are diagnosed with breast cancerin their lifetime* • Breast cancercan betreated when found early *Statistic fromAlberta Cancer Board: http://www.cancerboard.ab.ca/abcsp/ BREAST CANCER 1 2 3 4 5 876 9
  9. 9. 9 Survivor Most women receive treatment and survive.
  10. 10.  Breast cancer is always caused by a genetic abnormality (a “mistake” in the genetic material). However, only 5-10% of cancers are due to an abnormality inherited from your mother or father. About 90% of breast cancers are due to genetic abnormalities that happen as a result of the aging process and the “wear and tear” of life in general.
  11. 11.  2nd leading cause of death  2nd most common cancer  Incidence increases with age  All women are at risk
  12. 12. 12 Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer CancerCancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer starts small and then grows big
  13. 13. 13 Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer CancerCancer Cancer Cancer Cancer If you find cancer when it is small, treatment may work better OK
  14. 14. 14 FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE • STEP 1: Knowhow your breasts normally LOOK & FEEL.
  15. 15. 15 Look & Feel Every woman’s breasts are different.
  16. 16. 16 • STEP 2: Knowwhat CHANGESto look for. FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE
  17. 17. 17 Size Changesto the WHOLE BREAST
  18. 18. 18 Shape Changesto the WHOLE BREAST
  19. 19. 19 Pain Changesyou canFEEL
  20. 20. 20• lumps Lump Changesyou canFEEL
  21. 21. 21 • pulled inward Nipple Changesto the NIPPLE
  22. 22. 22 Discharge • discharge (bleeding) Changesto the NIPPLE
  23. 23. 23 Redness • redness (bruise) Changesto the SKIN
  24. 24. 24 Rash or Itch • rash or itch Changesto the SKIN
  25. 25. 25 Changesto the SKIN Dimpleor Pucker • dimple or pucker
  26. 26. 26 • STEP 3: LOOK & FEEL for changes. FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE
  27. 27. 27 Look
  28. 28. 28 Feel
  29. 29. 29 Feel
  30. 30. 30 Each whole breast
  31. 31. 31 Above and below each breast • above • below
  32. 32. 32 Under both arms • armpit
  33. 33.  Menstruating women- 5 to 7 days after the beginning of their period  Menopausal women - same date each month  Pregnant women – same date each month  Takes about 10 minutes  Perform BSE at least once a month  Examine all breast tissue
  34. 34. 34 • STEP 4: Talk to your doctor about any changes right away. FIVE STEPS TO BEING BREAST AWARE
  35. 35. When didyou seeyour doctorlast? Have you ever hada clinical breast exam? 35 Doctor
  36. 36.  You should have a clinical breast exam every yearstarting at age 40 36 Clinical Breast Exam
  37. 37. 37 • STEP 5: Talk to your doctor about when you should have a mammogram. FIVESTEPS TO BEINGBREAST AWARE
  38. 38. 38 • Mammograms are free for women in Alberta
  39. 39. 39 Mammogram • Women 50 – 69 years old should have a mammogram every 2 years • Mammograms are free for womenin Alberta
  40. 40. r i z Average-size lump found by woman practicing occasional breast self-exam (BSE) Average-size lump found by woman practicing regular breast self-exam (BSE) Average-size lump found by first mammogram Average-size lump found by getting regular mammograms
  41. 41.  Risk factors increases your chances of having breast cancer but does not causes it.  Breast cancer results from the abnormal, uncontrollable replication of cells of the breast.
  42. 42. Gender: female (1% males) Race: more common in whites Age: increases as a woman gets older. Relative : (mother or sister) Menstrual history :early on set late menopause Childbirth: first child After the age of 30 or having no children at all PREGNANCY AND BREASTFEEDING ARE PROTECTIVE AGAINST BREAST CANCER
  43. 43. Obesity Diet: Fat, Alcohol Lack of Physical Activity: Stress Radiation Exposure History of cancer: breast, uterus, cervix, ovary Hormones: estrogens in Hormone replacement therapy & Birth control pills Genetics: certain conditions that are inherited 70% HAVE NO RISK FACTORS
  44. 44. 44  Look and feel for any unusual changes in your breasts  See your doctor regularly for a health check-up Women20 to 39
  45. 45. 45 Women40 to 49 Talk to your doctor about your risk of breast cancer Go for screening mammogram every year as part of your regular health check-up  Check your breasts regularly for unusual changes
  46. 46. 46 Women 50 to 69  Have a mammogram every two years, unless your doctor tells you otherwise  Check your breasts regularly for unusual changes
  47. 47. 47 Women70+  Talk to your doctor if you should continue to have regular mammograms  Have your breasts checked every year by your doctor as part of your regular health check-up  Check your breasts regularly for unusual changes
  48. 48. 48 At any age •Talk to your doctor right away if you notice any changes to your breasts REMEMBER, THESE CHANGES DO NOT MEAN YOU HAVE BREAST CANCER!
  49. 49. 49 Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer Cancer CancerCancer Cancer Cancer Cancer YOU DOCTOR LOOK & FEEL MAMMOGRAM
  50. 50. What is Health Link? How do I use Health Link? 50 403-943-5465
  51. 51. 51 Press: “I SPEAK_______” Wait . . .
  52. 52. 52 • Alberta Health Services Women’s Health ResourcesCenter For fullphysicalcheck-upincludingclinicalbreast exam • Northeast Calgary Women’s Clinic Phone: (403) 944-2270 Address: Room185,1441-29th StreetNW,CalgaryABT2N4J8 Website: http://www.calgaryhealthregion.ca/clin/women/index.htm Phone: (403)717-0812 Address: Suite #410,267536Street N.E. CalgaryAB T1Y6H6 Website: http://www.newomensclinic.com
  53. 53. 53 •The Canadian Breast CancerFoundation: http://www.cbcf.org/breastcancer/ •The Alberta Breast Cancer Screening Program: http://www.cancerboard.ab.ca/ABCSP/program.html •Screening for Life: http://www.screeningforlife.ca
  54. 54. 54 If you have problems finding a doctor or getting a mammogram orif you have any questions, please telephone Tayyiba Khan Project Coordinator BreastHealth Initiative for Newcomers Calgary Immigrant Women’s Association (CIWA) (403) 263-4414 Ext 150
  55. 55.  Touching the breasts too often will lead to cancer Talking about cancer causes cancer  Using illegal drugs causes cancer  Herbs cure breast cancer A bruise on the breast will lead to breast cancer.  If an incision is made during breast cancer surgery, the cancer will spread.
  56. 56.  Getting too many mammograms leads to breast cancer.  Mammograms are only used to evaluate breast lumps.  Breast cancer only affects older women  If you have a risk factor for breast cancer, you're likely to get the disease  Using antiperspirants causes breast cancer.  A breast cancer diagnosis is an automatic death sentence.  Breast cancer is preventable

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