Pooja Material -
A book on the Pooja (Inconsultation with a Brahmin), a square
platform(Chaurang),mango leaves, two new cloth pieces, kalasha, lord's idol
or a photograph, turmeric, kumkum, panchamrut, six coconuts, prasad, four
oil lamps, sandal paste, incense sticks, betel leaves, two garlands, areca
nuts, turmeric pods, dry dates or almonds, camphor, offerings in form of
cash or coins, tulsi leaves and flowers.
Pooja Procedure -
The pooja consists of five parts. The first one deals with the timing of the
vrat and the procedure.The other four parts describe stories of the greatness
of the God. The stories convince the importance of the pooja.On the day of
the pooja, it is required to fast and perform the pooja in the evening.
In a clean room, a new clean cloth is spread on an elevated
platform(Chaurang) and rice-grains,about a kilo are spread on it,in the
centre. A kalash(Copper pot) capped with a new cloth piece is placed and a
small idol of the Lord Vishnu is positioned on it
The pooja begins with the lighting of the lamp and praying the God Ganesha,
Lakshmi,Dikpaalakaas,Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Parvathi, Sun,the nine planets
and Lord Indra.
Lord Ganesha and Panchaloka Paalakaas should be positioned to the north of
the Kalash and can be worshipped through areca nuts or almonds or
turmeric pods or dry dates.Then,the nine planets should be worshipped by
placing areca nuts on betel leaves followed by Lord Indra and other
Later the Lord Satyanarayana's idol or image on betel leaf should be
worshipped by Panchamrut (a mixture of ghee, milk, sugar, honey and
curds) abhishek(sprinkle).At the end of the pooja, there is udvaasana, a
formal way of concluding the pooja.
Shri Sathyanaranayan katha is from Skandha puran, Reva kaanda, Suta Puranikji narrated
these stories,to the rishis, in Nimisha Aranya ,who were performing a 1000 year yajna for
the benefit of mankind,lead by Sage ShounaK. Shounakaji and others asked Suta Puranikji,
"If a man has a desire, how can he fulfill it?Whom he has to worship and by which pooja ?
Sutaji said "once this question was also asked by Devarshi Narad to Lord Narayan .Listen to
that story.Once Naradi ,while traveling all over the worlds,came to Bhuloka,and found
everyone suffering on account of their past Karmas and were not knowing how to relieve
themselves from it.Immediately he reached Vaikuntha, to Lord Narayana to find the right
answer for getting the people out of their problems.
As he saw the grace of the Lord, he forgot his purpose and started praising the Lord.Pleased
Lord Narayana asked the purpose of his visit. Naradaji explained him the facts and asked for
the way to give relief to the misseries of mankind. The Lord was happy at this question of
Narada for benefiting the world by seeking the right answer.The Lord said:Yes, there is a
Vrat called Sri Satyanarayana pooja-vrat which is not known to the the Bhuloka.I shall
narrate to you this Vrat.
This can be performed by anyone.One who does this, will get all the benefits and the
pleasures of this world and will eventually get liberation(Moksha)too. Now Narada wants to
know more details of this Vrat. The Lord says, this can be done any day, in the
evening.Invite friends and relatives and perform this Vrat with faith and devotion. The night
should be celebrated with Bhajans and all those attending Pooja should be given food and
Prasada. Thus the observer of this Vrat will get all desires fulfilled.
Shri Narayana tells Narada the further story-
There lived an old and poor Brahmin in the city of Kashi. He was a man of virtue and yet
extremely poor and was always begging for meals.Since Narayana loved Brahmanas,he
came in the guise of an old Brahmin and asked him what ailed him?".
The brahmin explained, "I am an old and very poor man and I shall be grateful if you can
tell me how to get rid of my poverty which does not seem to diminish". The Lord advised
him to observe Satyanarayan Vrat and also explained him the procedure.
The poor man now desired to do that Vart and went to bed. He could not sleep on account
of these thoughts. Again in the morning he had same thoughts and he says to himself,
"whatever I earn today by begging I shall use it to perform the Vrat".The same day, he
earned good beggings and purchased the pooja articles and performed the Vrat.
Very soon he became rich and had all the things of the world and thereafter he started
performing the Vrat every month and thus he enjoyed all the pleasures of the world and
finally reached the Moksha too.Shaunakji and other rishis wanted to know how this Vrat
spread in the world and how the listeners of the story were benefitted !
Once the brahmin was performing Shri Satyanarayan Pooja,when a woodcutter saw the
pooja and asked him about it. The brahmin said, "This is Shri Satyanarayan Pooja.
Whatever desires you have in your mind will be fulfilled by performing this Vrat.
On hearing this, the woodcutter decided to perform the pooja the next day. He thought in
his mind, "Whatever amount I get from the sale of the wood tomorrow, I will use it for the
Vrat-Pooja".Accordingly he performed the pooja and was relieved of all his worries and
Suta Puranikji continues-
Once there was a noble king called Ulkamukh. He was married to truth and sense-control.
He always helped the needy people. Once he was performing Shhri Satyanarayan
Vrat on the banks of a riverwhen a merchant came in a ship with valuable goods.
He asked the king about the pooja and its fruits. The king told him that he was
worshipping Mahavishnu" and explained him everything .
The merchant urged, "Please guide me the details of this Vrat, cause I am issueless till
now." The king explained him the details and the merchant went home. He and his wife
performed the pooja and soon his wife Lilavathi delivered a girl.
Lilavathi reminded her husband about the Vrat but he was postponing it, till his daughter
was ready to be married.Later on he got his daughter married and still postponed the pooja-vrat.
The Lord now wanted to remind him.
The merchant and his son-in-law went to a city called Ratnasara and rested under a
tree.There was a theft in the palace of the king and the burglars were chased by the police.
The eloping burglars saw these two merchants under the tree and they left the booty next
to them and ran away.
The police caught the two merchants with the stolen booty and sent them to the jail.The
merchant suddenly realized that IT was all on because of his breaking the promise to the
Lord. At the same time, at home both his wife and daughter Kalavati, lost all their
belongings due to thefts and became beggers.
Kalavati while begging for food saw Shri Satyanarayan Pooja being performed at one house.
She heard the story and details and told her mother about it.Lilavathi came to know their
mistakes which created all those problems. The very next day she performed the pooja and
apologised the God.The king had a dream that the merchants were innocent and he
released them after inquiry by giving them lot of wealth.
Suta Puranik continues-
On release from the jail,the merchants were returning home when they reached the
outskirts of their town. The Lord appeared there in the form of an old Sanyasi and inquired
about the contenets of the ship. The merchant lied that it contained dried leaves.
The sanyasi said "Tathasthu"(be it so). When the merchant returns to the ship he found
dried leaves there.On regaining his consciousness he realized that those were the blessings
of the Sanyasi whom he had given a lie. He traced him soon and begged for apology.
The God again forgave him.Then the merchant sent a message to Lilavathi to let her know
that they are on their way home. Lilavathi told her daughter to complete the Satyanarayan
poola and go to meet her husband. Kalavathi performed the pooja, but forgot to take the
prasada,in a hurry to meet her husband.When she approached the anchorage, she saw
neither the ship nor her husband. It looked to her that they both drowned and decides to
The merchant felt that due to some fault,the Lord had punished them and he performed
pooja and apologised. The Lord soon revealed to him that it was the daughter's oversight in
not accepting the prasad that has created this problem and now if she goes and takes the
prasad, everything would be all right.
Kalavathi returned to the altar and took prasad with all faith and reverence. And her
husband returned and from then onwards, they all performed Shri Sathyanarayan Pooja
regularly till the end of their life and finally after death, they reached Satyalok.
This chapter is important to us as we too tend to behave like the King in this story, in
respect of pooja/worship/religion of other people.In the woods of Nmisharanya, Suta
Puranikji continued the story narrating the greatness of this Vrat to Sage Shounak and
other Rishies.In ancient times, there lived a King called Angadwaj who was kind and
righteous.Once he ignored the prasad of Shri Satyanarayan Pooja and had to suffer very
Once the king was returning from a hunt.He rested under a tree for a while. A group of
cowherd boys had gathered near there to perform Shri Satyanarayan Pooja.They did not
have anything except their daily bread. One of them became their priest and they
performed the pooja.They offered the prasad to the king who, because of his ego left it
Soon all his wealth was lost and his hundred children died.He realised that it was all due to
his insulting the children's pooja. Immediately the king went to that very spot
and performed the Satyanarayan Pooja with full devotion and belief.The king was relieved
of all his losses.
Suta now tells the Rishis that this Vrat is specially effective in Kaliyug. This Lord of Lord is
called Ishwara, Satyadev, Shri Satyanarayan and by many other names. He alone has taken
names and forms. One who reads this story or hears it, will get rid of all anxieties and
difficulties in life.
Recipe Of Prasad(Shira)
about 10 Plates
3 Vati Rava (Sooji), 2 Vati Sugar, 3/4 Vati Ghee,Banana, Manuka (Resins), Badam
(Almonds), Charoli, Keshar (Saffron),
1) Roast Rava,in ghee, in an utensil till the color becomes brownish.
2) If it is fine Rava,then add water equal to quantity of Rava.
3) If it is thick Rava,then add water equal to 1+1/2 quantity of Rava.
4) Stir well till the water dries up.
5) Add sugar and heat again.
6) Add pieces of almonds,banana, saffron,ilaychi powder and if any special flavour.
7) Stir it well and see that there are neither lumps formed nor very pasty. After cooling
down distribute onbanana leaves.