Andy HansonJoe Will
The Unconscious
Unconscious Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Unconscious○ Contains all the thoughts and feelings we are unaware ofFree associat...
Ego, Superego, Id Ego “The mediator” Conscious part of personality Superego “The angel” Represents persons ideals an...
Unconscious Mind
Psychosexual Stages Oral (0-18 mo) Pleasure center=mouth Biting, sucking, chewing Anal (18-36 mo) Pleasure center=bow...
Freudian Defense Mechanisms 7 defense mechanisms the ego uses toreduce anxiety Reduces anxiety by altering reality andre...
7 Freudian DefenseMechanisms Repression Removing anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, andmemories from consciousness Re...
Neo-Freudian Theorists andIdeas Accepted Freud’s basic ideas Did not believe sex and aggression arethe only important co...
Assessing UnconsciousProcesses Projective tests Aim to provide an insight into our thoughts andfeelings Vague images an...
Evaluating the PsychoanalyticPerspective Many criticized Freud in the 20th century Claimed his theories were outdated C...
Maslow’s Self-ActualizingPerson Maslow proposed we are motivated by ahierarchy of needs Humans seek self-actualization (...
Hierarchy of Needs
Rogers’ Person-CenteredPerspective According to Rogers, people nurturegrowth by being open in feelings andbeing accepted ...
The Trait Perspective Trait researches attempt to describepersonality by placing people at points onseveral trait dimensi...
The Big Five
The Big Five (cont) How stable are these traits? In adulthood, traits are quite stable andconsistant Vary in decades af...
Person Situation Controversy Some critics of trade-perspective saywhile some traits persist overtime, behavior varies fro...
Reciprocal Influences Reciprocal Determinism How environment influences personality Three main points:○ Different peopl...
Personal Control Feeling in control of your environment 2 types: External Locus of Control○ Learned helplessness○ Often...
Self-Esteem How good or bad one feels abouthis/herself High self-esteem tends to lead to lesspressure to conform, confid...
Self-Serving Bias Thinking highly of oneself People accept more responsibility forgood deeds rather than bad ones Defen...
Personality
Personality
Personality
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Personality

607 views

Published on

Our swag project

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
607
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Personality

  1. 1. Andy HansonJoe Will
  2. 2. The Unconscious
  3. 3. Unconscious Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Unconscious○ Contains all the thoughts and feelings we are unaware ofFree association○ A patient says out loud whatever comes to mind Explores the unconscious
  4. 4. Ego, Superego, Id Ego “The mediator” Conscious part of personality Superego “The angel” Represents persons ideals and morals and setsthe standard for judgment. Id “The devil” Made up of our selfish, aggressive, and sexualdesires
  5. 5. Unconscious Mind
  6. 6. Psychosexual Stages Oral (0-18 mo) Pleasure center=mouth Biting, sucking, chewing Anal (18-36 mo) Pleasure center=bowel and bladder elimination Deals with desire for control Phallic (3-6 yrs) Pleasure center=genitals Incestuous, sexual feelings Latency (6 to puberty) Undeveloped sexual feelings Genital (Puberty on) Maturation of sexual interests
  7. 7. Freudian Defense Mechanisms 7 defense mechanisms the ego uses toreduce anxiety Reduces anxiety by altering reality andremoving anxiety-arousing thoughts.
  8. 8. 7 Freudian DefenseMechanisms Repression Removing anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, andmemories from consciousness Regression Resorting to childish behavior Reaction Formation Switching unacceptable behavior into their opposites Projection Seeing your faults in others Rationalization Making excuses Displacement Shift aggression to another target that is less threatening.
  9. 9. Neo-Freudian Theorists andIdeas Accepted Freud’s basic ideas Did not believe sex and aggression arethe only important concepts Placed more of an emphasis on theconscious mind 3 major Neo-Freudians Alfred Adler Karen Horney Carl Jung
  10. 10. Assessing UnconsciousProcesses Projective tests Aim to provide an insight into our thoughts andfeelings Vague images and asks patients to describe it or tella story about it Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Used to asses unconscious thoughts Ambiguous pictures are shown and the patient mustcreate a story about them Rorschach Inkblot Test Most widely used projection test Set of 10 inkblots in which a patient must describewhat they see
  11. 11. Evaluating the PsychoanalyticPerspective Many criticized Freud in the 20th century Claimed his theories were outdated Critics doubt gender identity and consciousform as a child and end at age 6 Some claim repression is a myth due to lackof evidence and since it is not testable Modern evidence Terror-Management Theory: claims that faithin ones worldview and self-esteem reduceanxiety and fear of death
  12. 12. Maslow’s Self-ActualizingPerson Maslow proposed we are motivated by ahierarchy of needs Humans seek self-actualization (fulfilling ourpotential) Attempted to turn psychology’s attentionaway from the unconscious and focusmore on the growth potential of healthypeople Believed humans to be basically good
  13. 13. Hierarchy of Needs
  14. 14. Rogers’ Person-CenteredPerspective According to Rogers, people nurturegrowth by being open in feelings andbeing accepted by others Unconditional Positive Regard An attitude of total acceptance towardsanother Self-Concept All the thoughts and feelings we have inresponse to the question: “Who am I?”
  15. 15. The Trait Perspective Trait researches attempt to describepersonality by placing people at points onseveral trait dimensions simultaneously Attempt to isolate important dimensions by usingfactor analysis Hans Eysenck proposed that there are 2 maindimensions of traits that make up personality Extroversion & Introversion Stability & Instability Brain scans show extroverts and introvertsdiffer in levels of brain arousal Kagan believed heredity influences personality
  16. 16. The Big Five
  17. 17. The Big Five (cont) How stable are these traits? In adulthood, traits are quite stable andconsistant Vary in decades after college How heritable are they? Heritability varies with diversity of peoplestudied but usually heritable How well do they apply to various cultures? Apply reasonably well Do they predict other personal attributes? Yes, the Big Five traits are good indicators of ofother personal attributes.
  18. 18. Person Situation Controversy Some critics of trade-perspective saywhile some traits persist overtime, behavior varies from situation tosituation Traits are not a good predictor ofbehavior Supporters say that people’s averagebehavior is usually pretty consistant
  19. 19. Reciprocal Influences Reciprocal Determinism How environment influences personality Three main points:○ Different people choose differentenvironments based on personality○ Personalities are shaped by how we react toevents○ Personalities help create situations for us toreact to
  20. 20. Personal Control Feeling in control of your environment 2 types: External Locus of Control○ Learned helplessness○ Often when people feel helpless or depressed○ Outside forces control fate Internal Locus of Control○ You control your fate
  21. 21. Self-Esteem How good or bad one feels abouthis/herself High self-esteem tends to lead to lesspressure to conform, confidence, andgeneral happiness Low self-esteem often coexist withfeelings of unhappiness and personalproblems
  22. 22. Self-Serving Bias Thinking highly of oneself People accept more responsibility forgood deeds rather than bad ones Defensive Self-Esteem: Fragile and egotistic Secure Self-Esteem: Less fragile and does not depend on howothers see you

×