Food chain SMARTboard Lesson - Justine Foster


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Originally created for a SMARTboard Lesson. This is a Food Chain lesson converted to power-point. Justine Foster

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Food chain SMARTboard Lesson - Justine Foster

  1. 1. Justine Foster's SMARTboard Lesson
  2. 2. NJ Core Curriculum Standards Content Area Science Standard 5.3 Life Science: All students will understand that life science principles are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of the complexity, diversity, and interconnectedness of life on Earth. Order in natural systems arises in accordance with rules that govern the physical world, and the order of natural systems can be modeled and predicted through the use of mathematics. Strand B. Matter and Energy Transformations: Food is required for energy and building cellular materials. Organisms in an ecosystem have different ways of obtaining food, and some organisms obtain their food directly from other organisms. By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# 4 Almost all 5.3.4.B.1 energy (food) and matter can be traced to the Sun. Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI) Identify sources of energy (food) in a variety of settings (farm, zoo, ocean, forest).
  3. 3. Food Chain Every organism requires energy in order to live. Like you, all living things get their energy from the food they eat so they are able to move and grow. Example: Plants get energy from the sun, certain animals get their energy from eating plants, and some animals get energy from eating other animals. A food chain links the sources of food and energy. It shows how nutrients and energy is passed from organism to organism starting with plant life and ending with animal life.
  4. 4. Parts of the Food Chain Producer PLANTS that make their own food from sunlight (using the process of photosynthesis). Energy Source A food chain is a sequence in a biological community (an ecosystem). It organizes living things by what they eat or what is eating them. In a food chain, the arrows show a flow of energy. It all begins with an energy source. The next "link" in the chain would be an organism that makes its own food from the energy source. They are called producers (autotrophs). THE SUN
  5. 5. Next in the chain are the animals. They are called consumers. This is because they do not make their own food. Instead, they consume (eat) plants and/or other animals. There are three groups of consumers: Animals that eat only plants. Animals that eat only other animals. Animals that eat both plants and animals.
  6. 6. Examples of Consumers Carnivores Herbivores Omnivores Omnivores
  7. 7. Toward the "top" of the food chain are animals that have little or no natural enemies. They can be seen as top predators. Decomposers Primary Decomposers: Bacteria and fungi When an organism dies, it is broken down by decomposers and is then turned into nutrients. The nutrients and minerals are then released back into the soil. This then is used by plants, thus completing and repeating the cycle of the food chain.
  8. 8. Food Chain Activity Parts of food chain: Bird, Flower, Caterpillar
  9. 9. Energy Source Shark Fish Plankton Complete the Cycle.. Bacteria
  10. 10. Which of the following could be the producer for a food chain? earthworm No, try again green algae Correct! lady bug No, try again Which category best describes an animal that only eats plants? carnivore No, try again producer No, try again herbivore Correct! Which of the following describes what a food chain shows? How energy flows through a community. Correct! How animals move in a community. No, try again Which foods grow the best in a community. No, try again
  11. 11. Optional Activity:
 Breakup into pairs. Using a pen and paper draw and create a different food chain with a partner. Think of other habitats such as a desert, ocean, rain forest, farm, zoo, pond.
  12. 12. Works Cited Col, J. (2010). Food Chains and Food Webs: "What's for Dinner?". Retrieved from Enchanted Learning: EconGuru. (2006, October). Fundamentals of Ecology. Retrieved from EconGuru: EPA. (n.d.). Food Web. Retrieved from EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency: Fremont Magnet Elementary. (n.d.). Food Chains. Retrieved from Fremont: Sheppards Software. (n.d.). The Food Chain. Retrieved from Sheppards Software: we make learning fun: foodchain/foodchain.htm Smith, R. (2013). Science Games for Kids: Food Chains. Retrieved from Science Kids: