The Solar System


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The Solar System

  1. 1. THE SOLAR SYSTEM AND STARS By: Justin VanderMeer Ed.205
  2. 2. <ul><li>Planets </li></ul><ul><li>Stars </li></ul><ul><li>About the author </li></ul>End Show
  3. 3. THE PLANETS <ul><li>Mercury </li></ul><ul><li>Venus </li></ul><ul><li>Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Mars </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn </li></ul><ul><li>Uranus </li></ul><ul><li>Neptune </li></ul>Click Here to Watch a Video about the Solar System. End Show
  4. 4. <ul><li>Fastest and shortest orbit out of all the planets. </li></ul><ul><li>Takes 88 days to orbit the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature: 90-700K </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 4,880 km </li></ul><ul><li>Closest planet to the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury has most dense core of all the planets. </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury is the hottest planet that also contains ice caps </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury has two sunrises </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury is a terrestrial planet </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury has a weak atmosphere containing hydrogen, oxygen, calcium, and potassium. </li></ul>MERCURY End Show
  5. 5. VENUS <ul><li>Venus is the second planet from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Venus is the only planet that has a rotational period longer than a revolutionary period </li></ul><ul><li>Venus had more volcanoes than any other planet </li></ul><ul><li>Venus does not have a magnetic field. </li></ul><ul><li>Venus has the hottest surface temperature of all the planets. </li></ul><ul><li>Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise. </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 12,103.6 km </li></ul>End Show
  6. 6. EARTH <ul><li>Third planet from the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Earth is the only planet that contains life </li></ul><ul><li>Earth contains more water than any other planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Has the most diverse weather patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Earth has a higher density than any other planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Has the most active plate tectonics </li></ul><ul><li>Has only one moon </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 12,756.3 km </li></ul>End Show
  7. 7. MARS <ul><li>Mars is the fourth planet from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Mars is the reddest and rustiest planet </li></ul><ul><li>Mars is the only planet that snows carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Hellan Planitia is the largest impact crater, no other planet has a crater as large </li></ul><ul><li>Olympus Mons is the largest volcano known to man. </li></ul><ul><li>Mars has sandstorms that encompass the entire planet </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter 6,794 km </li></ul>End Show
  8. 8. JUPITER <ul><li>Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter is the largest planet in the whole solar system </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 142,984 km </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter has the quickest rotation axis </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter has a great red spot, which is actually a storm. </li></ul><ul><li>The storm is large enough to hold three Earths! </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter has more moons than any other planet. </li></ul>End Show
  9. 9. SATURN <ul><li>Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn has the most complex ring system </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest density of any planet </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn’s moon Titian has the thickest atmosphere of any moon </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn’s moons have the largest variety of sizes </li></ul><ul><li>The rings are made up of mostly water and ice, but contain some dust and rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 120,536 km </li></ul>End Show
  10. 10. URANUS <ul><li>Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Uranus is the only planet that can have direct sunlight on both poles </li></ul><ul><li>Uranus Is the only planet that rotates on its side </li></ul><ul><li>Like Saturn, Uranus also has rings </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 51,118 km </li></ul>End Show
  11. 11. NEPTUNE <ul><li>Neptune is the eighth planet from the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Has the fastest winds reaching 700-1500 mph </li></ul><ul><li>Is the smallest of the 4 gas planets </li></ul><ul><li>Is the bluest planet, and gets its color from methane </li></ul><ul><li>Is the densest of the gas Diameter: 49,532 </li></ul><ul><li>Neptune is the farthest planet from the sun </li></ul>End Show
  12. 12. STARS <ul><li>Types of Stars </li></ul><ul><li>HR Diagram </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun </li></ul>End Show
  13. 13. TYPES OF STARS <ul><li>Black Dwarf- the remains of a dead white dwarf star after its heat is radiated into space. </li></ul><ul><li>Main-Sequence Star- an ordinary star, one of about 90% of the stars that can be seen from Earth. It is much smaller than a giant star. It burns hydrogen into helium through nuclear fusion within itself. An example of a main sequence star is our Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Red Giant- a large, bright star, many times larger than the Sun, but with a cool surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Supergiant- the largest and most luminous type of star, being a dying star. These stars have used up all of its hydrogen fuel and have begun to expand and cool. </li></ul><ul><li>White Dwarf- a very dense, small, hot star in the last stage of its life. </li></ul>End Show
  14. 14. HR DIAGRAM <ul><li>The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram (HR Diagram) shows how stars evolve. </li></ul>End Show
  15. 15. THE SUN <ul><li>This Sun is a main sequence star at the very center of our universe. The Sun is made up of hydrogen (74%), helium (25%), and very few other elements. The Sun is about 4.57 billion years old, and is said to be about half way through its main sequence evolution. The Sun will spend about 10 billion years as a main sequence star. The sun is made of a substance known as plasma. The temperature of the sun is close to 13,600,000 Kelvin. </li></ul>End Show
  16. 16. ABOUT THE AUTHOR <ul><li>My name is Justin VanderMeer. I am currently a Junior student at Grand Valley State University working toward a major in Psychology and Special Education with a minor in Elementary Education. In my free time I love playing basketball and working out with my friends. I am a very active individual. I also volunteer in a special education classroom. I love being around students and I am very excited to one day have my own classroom </li></ul>Send Me an Email End Show
  17. 17. RESOURCES <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Stars: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>End Show