The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution By Justin Scott Ehrenpreis
  2. 2. Jethro Tull <ul><li>Invented the seed drill </li></ul>
  3. 3. Eli Whiteny <ul><li>American Inventor of the cotton-cleaning machine </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton Gin </li></ul>
  4. 4. Charles Townshend <ul><li>New method of crop rotation </li></ul><ul><li>Urged farmers to grow turnips which restored exhausted soil </li></ul>
  5. 5. Samuel F.B. Morse <ul><li>Invented telegraph </li></ul>
  6. 6. Adam Smith <ul><li>Economist </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote “Wealth of Nations” </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Laissezfaire </li></ul>
  7. 7. Karl Marx <ul><li>Economist </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote “The Communist Manifesto” </li></ul><ul><li>Saw world class struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Felt workers were exploited </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Were none private property exists </li></ul>
  8. 8. Abraham Darby <ul><li>Found a way to remove impurities from coal </li></ul><ul><li>Helped to produce iron by smelting </li></ul>
  9. 9. Richard Arkwright <ul><li>Invented water frame </li></ul><ul><li>Used water to power to speed up textile production </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rudolf Diesel <ul><li>Invented engine </li></ul>
  11. 11. James Watt <ul><li>Improved engine </li></ul><ul><li>His engines became a key to the Industrial Revolution </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why did the Industrial Revolution on Began in England? <ul><li>Water (transportation, power) </li></ul><ul><li>Coal (smelting iron) </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul>
  13. 13. How did Industrialization contribute to and cause Urbanization? <ul><li>Moved people from farms to city </li></ul><ul><li>Technology made less jobs on farms </li></ul><ul><li>Development of factories meant more jobs in cities </li></ul>
  14. 14. How did the middle class transform the social structure of Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution? <ul><li>Poor conditions of working class </li></ul><ul><li>Raise to a more prosperous and stronger middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class not large, gained in political power </li></ul><ul><li>Middle class made Reform Act of 1832 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Terms
  16. 16. Wealth of Nations <ul><li>Written by Adam Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Laissez-faire </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalist ideas </li></ul>
  17. 17. Mass Production <ul><li>System of factories making things in large quantities </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cottage Factory <ul><li>Clothes made at homes </li></ul>
  19. 19. Urbanization <ul><li>Growth of cities </li></ul><ul><li>Movement of people from rural areas to city </li></ul>
  20. 20. Capital <ul><li>Wealth to invest </li></ul>
  21. 21. Factories <ul><li>Places that brought together workers and machines to produce large quantities of goods </li></ul>
  22. 22. Tenement <ul><li>Multistory buildings divided into crowded apartments </li></ul>
  23. 23. Labor Union <ul><li>To improve working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>“ worker’s organizations” </li></ul>
  24. 24. Utilitarianism <ul><li>The idea that the goal of society should be </li></ul>
  25. 25. Socialism <ul><li>To end poverty and injustice </li></ul><ul><li>The people as whole would own and operate the means of production </li></ul>
  26. 26. Communism <ul><li>A form of socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Sees classes struggle between employees </li></ul><ul><li>unavoidable </li></ul>
  27. 27. proletariat <ul><li>Working class </li></ul>
  28. 28. Means of Production <ul><li>Large businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Produce and distributed goods </li></ul>
  29. 29. Corporations <ul><li>Business owned by investors </li></ul><ul><li>Buy shares of stock </li></ul><ul><li>Risk only the amount invested </li></ul>
  30. 30. Imperialism <ul><li>Domination by one country of political, economical, or cultural life of another country or nation </li></ul>
  31. 31. Monopoly <ul><li>Complete control of a product or business by one person or group </li></ul>
  32. 32. Laissez-faire <ul><li>Policy allowed business to operate with on government interference </li></ul>
  33. 33. Assembly Line <ul><li>Production method that breaks down complex job into smaller tasks </li></ul>
  34. 34. Proletariat <ul><li>Take control of means of production </li></ul><ul><li>Set up classless communist society </li></ul>
  35. 35. Plough <ul><li>A machine that turns the soil and brakes it up </li></ul><ul><li>Kill weeds </li></ul>
  36. 36. Methodism <ul><li>Religious movement </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by John Wesley </li></ul><ul><li>Stressed personal faith </li></ul><ul><li>Taught the poor to read and write </li></ul>
  37. 37. Luddite <ul><li>Apposed to the new labor saving machines </li></ul><ul><li>Smashed machines and burned factories </li></ul>
  38. 38. infrastructure <ul><li>Roads, dams, buildings that are owned by society </li></ul>
  39. 39. Rotation <ul><li>Crop Rotation, allowed farmers to grow turnips which restored exhausted soil </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Townshend </li></ul>
  40. 40. Revolution <ul><li>The overthrow of government </li></ul>
  41. 41. Capitalism <ul><li>Economic system </li></ul><ul><li>Means of production are privately owned and operated for profit </li></ul>
  42. 42. Steam Engine <ul><li>Made power from steam </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Newcomen </li></ul><ul><li>Improved by James Watt </li></ul>
  43. 43. Enclosure Movement <ul><li>Process of taking over and fencing off land </li></ul>
  44. 44. Communist Manifesto <ul><li>By Karl Marx </li></ul><ul><li>Saw world class struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Felt workers exploited </li></ul><ul><li>Supported communism where no private property exists </li></ul>
  45. 45. Fallow <ul><li>No crops just dirt in feild </li></ul>
  46. 46. Agrarian <ul><li>“ agraculture’ </li></ul>
  47. 47. Bourgeoisie <ul><li>“ Middle Class” </li></ul>
  48. 48. Communism <ul><li>Form of complete socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Means of Production are owned by the people </li></ul><ul><li>Private property not exists </li></ul>
  49. 49. Fulton's Steam Boat <ul><li>Clermont </li></ul>
  50. 50. Industrialization <ul><li>The process of developing machines to produce goods </li></ul>
  51. 51. Causes of Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Agriculture Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Population Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>New Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Social Changes </li></ul>

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