Nationalism

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Nationalism

  1. 1. Nationalism
  2. 2. What caused discontent in Latin America? <ul><li>The discontent was rutted in the social, racial and political system of Spanish rule. The people were inspired by the US Revolution and the defeat of Spain by Napolean </li></ul>
  3. 3. How did the nation win independence? <ul><li>Revolt, fought for liberty, and independence from European colonists. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dom Pedro <ul><li>Son of King of Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Became emperor of independent Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Except a constitution that provided for freedom of Press, Freedom of Religion, and elections of legislators </li></ul>
  5. 5. Jose Morelos <ul><li>Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Called for wide-ranging reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Led rebel forces in Mexico </li></ul>
  6. 6. Miguel Hidalgo <ul><li>Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Ring church bells for people of Mexico to fight for “Independence and Liberty” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jose De San Martin <ul><li>Independence leader </li></ul><ul><li>Helped liberate Argentina and Chile from Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Meets up and surrenders his troops to Bolivar, peru </li></ul>
  8. 8. Simon Bolivar <ul><li>“ El Liberator” </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted Latin American Independence in Northern, South America </li></ul><ul><li>“ Independence is the only benefit we have gained at the cost of everything else” </li></ul><ul><li>“ America in Chaos” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tupac Amaru <ul><li>He clamed descent from Incan Kings </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded Spain end forces Indian labor </li></ul><ul><li>Led native American Revolt (crushed) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Toussaint Louverture <ul><li>Led successful revolt in Haiti to eliminate slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Feared that France ruled Haiti would reestablish slavery </li></ul>
  11. 11. Louis Napoleon (Napoleon 3 rd ) <ul><li>Second Republic of France </li></ul><ul><li>Became Emperor of France </li></ul><ul><li>Gave 2 decades of prosperity until defeat of France-German War </li></ul>
  12. 12. Louis Kossuth <ul><li>The leading voice for Hungarian independence </li></ul><ul><li>Organized Hungarian revolute from Austria </li></ul><ul><li>When Russia crushed the revolute he fled </li></ul>
  13. 13. Land Reform <ul><li>Taking land away from wealthy owner’s and giving it to the peasants </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nationalists <ul><li>Groups shared common heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Set up there own states </li></ul><ul><li>Often led to intolerance of other groups </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conservatives <ul><li>They favored old order of monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Social hierarchy </li></ul>
  16. 16. Liberals <ul><li>Wanted government based on written constitutions and separation of powers </li></ul><ul><li>A movement for liberty, equality, property, and elections </li></ul>
  17. 17. Creole <ul><li>American born Europe descendent of Spanish Settlers </li></ul>
  18. 18. Peninsular <ul><li>Member of highest class in Spain’s colonies in the Americas </li></ul>
  19. 19. Recession <ul><li>Period of reduced economic activity </li></ul>
  20. 20. Autonomy <ul><li>Self-rule </li></ul>
  21. 21. Universal Manhood Suffrage <ul><li>Right of all adult men to vote </li></ul>
  22. 22. Ideology <ul><li>System of thought and belief </li></ul>
  23. 23. Truce <ul><li>Temporary peace </li></ul>
  24. 24. Mulatto <ul><li>In Spain's colonies, a person who was of African and European descent </li></ul>
  25. 25. Mestizo <ul><li>Any person of mixed blood between Native Americans and Europeans </li></ul>

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