Imperialism

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Imperialism

  1. 1. Imperialism By Justin Scott Ehrenpreis
  2. 2. David Livingstone The best known explorer-missionary He opposed slave trade which was a profitable business for some African rulers and foreign traders He wanted people in Africa to convert to Christianity
  3. 3. Meiji Restoration Japans major turning point Meiji reformers wanted a rich country and a strong military force
  4. 4. Open Door Policy To keep Chinese trade on equal basis
  5. 5. Taiping Rebellion Most devastating peasant revolt in history Rebellion won control of large area of China This ended hat rade to Qing dynasty
  6. 6. Sepoy Rebellion East India Company won trading rights on freeing of Mughal empire companies Influenced grew Mughal power declined Controlled 3/5 of India
  7. 7. Treaty of Nanjing 1842, Britain forced China to agree to pay for Britain's war cost. This treaty was unequal which forced China to make concessions to Western Powers
  8. 8. Opium War Opium is a drug which Chinese outlawed in there country but not others, so they traded with other countries to get silver which turned to money
  9. 9. Matthew Perry He was sent on a mission by President Millard Fillmore to establish trade with Japan
  10. 10. Zulu Shaka Ruler of Zulu Kingdom His wars disrupted life across South Africa. His tactics were remembered for generations
  11. 11. Sun Yixian A spokesman for a Chinese republic Studied in West Organized Revolutionary Alliance His goal to rebuild China
  12. 12. Boxing Rebellion 1900, tried to drive foreigners out of Chinese Rebellion Crushed, China forced grant concessions to foreign powers
  13. 13. Imperialism Domination by on country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
  14. 14. Indemnity Payment for losses during war
  15. 15. Taiping Rebellion 1850-1864 peasants got angry over property and at corrupt Qung officials rose and revolted. WEAKENED CHINA
  16. 16. Direct Rule sending officials and soldiers from their country to administer their countries
  17. 17. Indirect Rule To govern their colonies they use sultans, chiefs, or other local rulers
  18. 18. Jihad In Islam, effort in God’s service
  19. 19. Missionary Someone sent on a religious mission
  20. 20. Deforestation The destruction of forest land
  21. 21. Trade Surplus A situation that a country exports more than it imports
  22. 22. Trade Deficit A situation that a country imports more than it exports
  23. 23. Indemnity A payment for a loss in war
  24. 24. Elite Upper Class
  25. 25. Genocide Deliberate attempt to destroy an entire religious or ethnic group
  26. 26. Concession A special economic rights given to a foreign power
  27. 27. Suez Canal A 100 mile waterway link to the Mediterranean and Red Seas. A trade route to and from Europe, South and East Asia. This route that all countries wanted just for trade.
  28. 28. Sepoy An Indian soldier who served in army set up by French or English East India Company
  29. 29. Viceroy Representative ruled one Spain’s provinces in Americas in Kings name. One who governed in India in name of British monarchy
  30. 30. Indian National Congress A congress party that members were mostly professionals and businessmen who belief in a peaceful protest to gain their ends
  31. 31. East Indian Company A trading company that wanted money and to lead officials
  32. 32. Muslim League A league to pursue goals with Muslims and Hindus by making Muslims a separate state
  33. 33. Protectorate A country with own government but under control of outside power
  34. 34. Sepoy Rebellion 1857, tension due to British angered Sepoys to follow rules against their religion. Hindus/ Muslims unite. British took control of India
  35. 35. Sphere of Influence Area in an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges
  36. 36. Homogeneous Society When they have common culture and language
  37. 37. What is imperialism? Domination by one country of political, economical, or cultural life of another country or region
  38. 38. How were western powers able to dominate non-western nations? The British owned a port for there British East Indian Company near Mughal Empire They took over Singh empire which added 100,000 square miles for British rule India hated British rule Converting Indians to Christianity Superior Military and National power
  39. 39. What were some effects of Imperialism? Europeans control land and people in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America Europeans controlled trade and setup cash-crop economics Converts culture Famine Advanced technology

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