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Enlightenment And French Revolution


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Enlightenment And French Revolution

  1. 1. Enlightenment and French Revolution By Justin Scott Ehrenpreis
  2. 2. Enlightenment
  3. 3. Descartes Father of Mathematics Founded analytics geometry “I think, there fore I am”
  4. 4. Montesquieu Developed separation of powers Divided the French society Classes, monarchy, aristocracy and administrative The administrative powers were the legislative and the judiciary Influenced the founding fathers
  5. 5. Wollstone Craft She was a British writer, philosopher, and feminist Most important book was “A Vindication of the rights of woman”
  6. 6. Mozart Composed over 625 pieces He is remembered foe his operas as “The Magic Flute” or his secular concertos and sonatas
  7. 7. Bach German-born composer His music different from music that had been heard before Sacred and secular works for choir, solo instruments, and orchestra. Drew together the stands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity
  8. 8. Rousseau Influenced French Revolution Wrote “The social contract”, which was the most influential work of political philosophy He felt man was neither good nor bad
  9. 9. Voltaire Attacked the French government and Catholic Church He felt government redistributed wealth from one class to another He was considered the leader of the Enlightenment
  10. 10. Reason Rational thought, inference, discrimination
  11. 11. Locke • English Puritan • Human nature was reasonable and tolerant • People were selfish but had the right to “life, liberty, and possessions” • The state owed its people and it overstepped its power, the citizens had the right and moral duty to revolt and replace
  12. 12. Enlightenment A time of light “ilumination”
  13. 13. philosophy The search for wisdom
  14. 14. feminism The view that woman are equal to men
  15. 15. Social contract People give rights to government to receive social order
  16. 16. liberalism Individual rights and equal of oppoertunity
  17. 17. Natural Rights Rights, freedoms, privileges
  18. 18. censorship A group power to control freedom of speech and expression
  19. 19. Baroque A period of music in the 1600’s to mid 1700’s
  20. 20. Constitutional Government A government with a set of agreed constraints
  21. 21. salon 17th century idea that amused one another and increase knowledge in readings and conversations
  22. 22. French Revolution
  23. 23. Josephine First wife of Napoleon
  24. 24. Napoleon Became the first consol of republic Emperor of France with absolute power Expanded French borders Built roads, canals Started public education (schools for all)
  25. 25. Louis XV Wasn’t able to solve economic problem
  26. 26. Louis XVl Weak ruler Incapable of make decisions to reform the country
  27. 27. Jacobins Supported debate and encouraged radical change They supported enemies of Revolutionary government to be executed
  28. 28. Robespierre Important member of the committee for public safety Was cold hearted and ruthless
  29. 29. Marie Antoinette The queen of Franie Married to Louis XVl People hated her for being wasteful Claimed to said “ let them eat cake” when people had no bread
  30. 30. Colbert Louis XVl finance minister His policies helped make France the wealthiest state in Europe
  31. 31. Plebiscite Vote by qualified voter on public questions
  32. 32. Napoleon Code • Laws reforms effected gave equal to all before the law • All people equal by the law
  33. 33. Bastille day On July 14, 1789, more than 800 Parisians stormed Bastille, freed the Prisoners This was the start of the French Revolution
  34. 34. Bastille A large prison in Paris
  35. 35. Reign of Terror Revolutionary court designed by Rodes Pierre 40,000 people died
  36. 36. National Assembly Estate General Votes got counted Making a new constitution
  37. 37. 1st Estate High Clergy 10% population 0% taxed
  38. 38. 2nd Estate Nobles 20% population 0% taxed
  39. 39. 3rd Estate Bourgeoisie Doctors, lawyers, professionals, peasents, city workers 70% population 100% taxed
  40. 40. Philosophe A group of Enlightenment thinkers Apply the methods of science to improve society
  41. 41. Estates General Parliament Made up of all three estates
  42. 42. Legislative Assembly “First Republic”
  43. 43. Guilds Artisans Did jobs
  44. 44. Cause of French Revolution • Enlightened Ideas • Glorious Revolution • American Revolution • English Civil War
  45. 45. Constitution Social Contract
  46. 46. Waterloo Battle lost by Napolean
  47. 47. Tennis Court Oath Third estate met at indoor tennis court to “never separate and to meet whenever required until we have constitution”
  48. 48. Guillotine An alternative method of death Was popular Was fairly painless
  49. 49. Bourgeoisie A group of wealthy bankers and poor peasants
  50. 50. cahiers Outlined there problems of each estate