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Cellular Repiration


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Cellular Repiration

  1. 1. Cellular Respiration By- Justin Ehrenpreis
  2. 2. Respiration is… <ul><li>Stored energy to a usable form </li></ul>
  3. 3. Respiration involves… <ul><li>The exchange of gasses between organism and the environment </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cellular respiration… <ul><li>Enzyme-controlled reaction in which energy in food gets broken down into energy (ATP) </li></ul>
  5. 5. ATP means… <ul><li>energy </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>ATP = Adenosine Triphosphate = 3 Phosphates </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Water + ATP ADP + P + Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Called… </li></ul><ul><li>hydrolysis </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dehydration Synthesis…. <ul><li>Reverse of hydrolysis </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dehydrate means… <ul><li>Remove water </li></ul>
  10. 10. ADP + P + Energy Water +ADP <ul><li>What is that equation? </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration Synthesis </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2 types of respiration… <ul><li>Anaerobic and aerobic </li></ul>
  12. 12. Anaerobic respiration… <ul><li>When organism doesn't use oxygen </li></ul>
  13. 13. Aerobic respiration is… <ul><li>When an organism uses oxygen (O 2 ) to carry out respiration. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Anaerobic also called… <ul><li>Fermentation or Glycolysis </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cells lack the enzymes called… <ul><li>Anaerobic Respiration </li></ul>
  16. 16. The enzymes needed for anaerobic respiration are found in the? <ul><li>Cytoplasm </li></ul>
  17. 17. Glucose broken down in a series of enzyme controlled reaction into… <ul><li>Lactic acid or alcohol and carbon dioxide. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Lactic acid is produced in animals that cause… <ul><li>Muscle fatigue </li></ul>
  19. 19. Lactic acid also produced by… <ul><li>Some bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>And is important in… </li></ul><ul><li>Making cheese, </li></ul><ul><li>Buttermilk, </li></ul><ul><li>And yogurt. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Alcohol and CO 2 are produced by… <ul><li>Yeast and bacteria and are important for… </li></ul><ul><li>Brewing and baking </li></ul>
  21. 21. Anaerobic Respiration produces… <ul><li>2 ATP </li></ul>
  22. 22. Aerobic Respiration Oxygen is used during…
  23. 23. Aerobic respiration takes place in the… <ul><li>Mitochondria </li></ul>
  24. 24. Due to the presence of oxygen what chemical is used for glucose? <ul><li>Chemical Energy </li></ul>
  25. 25. This is when glucose is released in a series of enzyme-controlled reactions? <ul><li>Krebs cycle </li></ul>
  26. 26. Aerobic Respiration is more efficient b/c… <ul><li>Of More ATP energy </li></ul>
  27. 27. Oxygen is presented after… <ul><li>Anaerobic respiration, than aerobic respiration can occur. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Pyretic means? <ul><li>Intermediate substance produced in alcohol and lactic acids fermentation, before aerobic respiration takes place. </li></ul>
  29. 29. O 2 + CHO = CO2 + H2O CO 2 + H 2 O= CHO + O2 In Mitochondria In chloroplasts Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis
  30. 30. Basically opposite
  31. 31. Photosynthesis produces… <ul><li>Sugar and oxygen </li></ul>
  32. 32. Cellular Respiration… <ul><li>Uses oxygen and sugar to produce Carbon Dioxide and water. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Plants use… <ul><li>PHOTOSYNTHESIS </li></ul>