Absolutism

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Absolutism

  1. 1. Absolutism
  2. 2. Divine Right of Kings <ul><li>Kings and Queens received their power from God </li></ul>
  3. 3. Absolutism <ul><li>When Sovereignty is embodied in the person of the ruler </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sovereignty <ul><li>A government free from external control </li></ul>
  5. 5. Enlightened Absolutism <ul><li>An educated monarch, attempting to create change with absolute rule </li></ul>
  6. 6. Autocracy <ul><li>This is rule by a person with virtually unlimited authority </li></ul>
  7. 7. Totalitarianism <ul><li>20 th century phenomenon that seeks to direct all facets of a state’s culture in the interest of the state </li></ul>
  8. 8. Glorious Revolution <ul><li>Political revolution in Great Britain in 1688 that put William and Marry on the throne while limiting the power monarchy and making Parliament supreme. The beginning of a constitutional monarch </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bill of Rights <ul><li>In 1689, no laws can be suspended by king; taxes constant; no army maintained except by parliament. Established after the Glorious Revolution. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Peace of Utrecht <ul><li>Ended Louis XIV’s attempts to gain military power and land. Ended the war of Spanish Succession </li></ul>
  11. 11. Constitutionalism <ul><li>Limited of government by law. Developed in time of absolutism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Petition of Rights <ul><li>Limited the power of Charles 1 st of England </li></ul><ul><li>couldn’t collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>couldn’t declare war </li></ul><ul><li>soldiers couldn’t be housed without consent </li></ul>
  13. 13. Jean-Baptiste Colbert <ul><li>An advisor to Louis XIV who proved himself a financial genius, managed entire royal administration, financial analyst to Louis XIV </li></ul>
  14. 14. Romanovs <ul><li>Russian Dynasty, started with Michael Romanov after Time of Troubles. Lasted until 1917. </li></ul>
  15. 15. King Louis the 14 (France) <ul><li>“ Sun King” Palace Versailles strongest absolute ruler </li></ul>
  16. 16. Marie Theresa (Hapsburg) <ul><li>Eastern Europe and enlightened absolute monarch </li></ul>
  17. 17. King Phillip the Second (Spain) <ul><li>Weak Ruler, Esorlia Palace, Navy Spanish Armada </li></ul>
  18. 18. Queen Elizabeth the First (England) <ul><li>Golden Age of England </li></ul><ul><li>Well loved by people </li></ul><ul><li>Fought of Spanish Armada </li></ul>
  19. 19. Catherine the Great (Russia) <ul><li>Enlightened Monarch </li></ul>
  20. 20. Peter the Great (Russia) <ul><li>Weak Ruler, tried to westernize Russia </li></ul>

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