CHAPTER 5.3
     PEOPLE // TERMS




J U S T I N    J O N E S
Joseph G. CANNON
Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836 –
November 12, 1926) was a United States
politician from Illinois and l...
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
         The Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909 (ch. 6, 36
         Stat. 11), named for Representative...
RICHARD BALLINGER
Richard Achilles Ballinger (July 9, 1858 – June 6, 1922) was mayor of Seattle, Washington, from
1904–190...
WORKS CITED
"Joseph Gurney Cannon." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web.
07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Jo...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 5.3 Terms

425 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
425
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 5.3 Terms

  1. 1. CHAPTER 5.3 PEOPLE // TERMS J U S T I N J O N E S
  2. 2. Joseph G. CANNON Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926) was a United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party. Cannon served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1903 to 1911, and historians generally consider him to be the most dominant Speaker in United States history, with such control over the House that he could often control debate. Cannon is the second-longest continuously serving Republican Speaker in history, having been surpassed by fellow Illinoisan Dennis Hastert, who passed him on June 1, 2006. He was also the first Congressman to surpass 40 years of service (non-consecutive), ending his career with 48 years of cumulative congressional service, a record that held until 1958. He was the subject of the first Time cover.
  3. 3. Payne-Aldrich Tariff The Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909 (ch. 6, 36 Stat. 11), named for Representative Sereno E. Payne (R-NY) and Senator Nelson W. Aldrich (R-RI), began in the United States House of Representatives as a bill lowering certain tariffs on goods entering the United States.[1] It was the first change in tariff laws since the Dingley Act of 1897.[2] President William Howard Taft called Congress into a special session in 1909 shortly after his inauguration to discuss the issue. Thus, the House of Representatives immediately passed a tariff bill sponsored by Payne, calling for reduced tariffs. However, the United States Senate speedily substituted a bill written by Aldrich, calling for fewer reductions and more increases in tariffs.
  4. 4. RICHARD BALLINGER Richard Achilles Ballinger (July 9, 1858 – June 6, 1922) was mayor of Seattle, Washington, from 1904–1906 and U.S. Secretary of the Interior from 1909–1911. Ballinger was born in Boonesboro, Iowa. He graduated in 1884 from Williams College, where he was admitted to the Zeta Psi fraternity, and passed the bar exam in 1886. He served 1904–1906 as mayor of Seattle, following the scandal-prone Yukon Gold Rush era administration of Thomas D. Humes. Elected with the support of the downtown business elite, he cracked down somewhat (but not heavily) on vice, opposed labor unions, and was a roadblock to the city's strong municipal ownership movement. After serving as mayor of Seattle, Ballinger was commissioner of the General Land Office from 1907–1908. In 1909, President William Howard Taft appointed him Secretary of the Interior. While Secretary, he was accused of having interfered with investigation into the legality of certain private coal-land claims in Alaska. After a series of articles in Collier's Weekly that roused the conservationists an investigation was demanded. A congressional committee exonerated Ballinger, but the questioning of committee counsel Louis D. Brandeis made Ballinger's anti-conservationism clear. He resigned in March, 1911. The incident split the Republican Party and helped turn the election of 1912 against Taft. Ballinger died on June 6, 1922, in Seattle, Washington.
  5. 5. WORKS CITED "Joseph Gurney Cannon." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Joseph_Gurney_Cannon>. "Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payne– Aldrich_Tariff_Act>. "Richard Achilles Ballinger." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Richard_Achilles_Ballinger>.

×