Sgcp13cheung

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Sgcp13cheung

  1. 1. Douglas CheungSmart Grid Design Engineer – Project ManagerSmart Cities Energy GroupHitachi Europe5th Annual Smart Grids & Cleanpower2013 Conference5th June 2013 Cambridgewww.cir-strategy.com/events/cleanpowerEnabling SmartCities and SmartCommunities© Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Agenda1. Introduction to Hitachi2. Portfolio of Smart Solutions3. Smart Communities Case Studies4. Collaboration Approach5. Q&A2
  3. 3. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Hitachi, Ltd.Hitachi America, Ltd.Hitachi (China) Ltd.Hitachi Asia Ltd.Hitachi Europe Ltd.Europe142 companies10,783 employees$ 9.3 billion sales China154 companies42,053 employees$ 13.1 billion salesJapan341 companies212,302 employees$ 67.5 billion salesNorth America75 companies14,539 employees$ 10.6 billion salesOther Areas60 companies7,555 employees$ 6.1 billion salesAsia (incl. China)322 companies78,361 employees$ 24.4 billion salesHitachi India Pvt. Ltd.*As of March 31, 2012High Functional Materials & ComponentsInformation &Telecommunication SystemsPower SystemsDigital Media & Consumer ProductsOthersFinancial Services16%8%Social Infrastructure &Industrial Systems11%Electronic Systems andEquipment10%7%ConstructionMachinery13%Automotive Systems7%Components & Devices8%9%7%4%$ 117.9 billionOverview of Hitachi Group3
  4. 4. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved. 4Information andCommunication SystemsInformation andCommunication SystemsInfrastructure SystemsInfrastructure SystemsElectrical Power SystemsElectrical Power SystemsCloud computingConsultingData centersStorageEnergyGreen mobilityEco-friendly city (Water treatment)ConstructionmachineryElevators and escalatorsSmart grids(Thermal, nuclear, renewable)Hitachi Social Innovation Business OverviewAs a global leading company,Hitachi provides multiple solutionsto “Social Innovation Areas”Healthcare
  5. 5. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.STATCOMHVDCEnergy Management SystemDistribution Management SystemDemand Response, HEMSD-STATCOMPCS for PV and windBattery System EV charger andmanaging systemMDMシステム検針値収集システム監視開閉器制御検針値保存業務連携AMI and MDMSSubstation (GIS, Tr)Hitachi Solutions Map – from Supply to Demand5
  6. 6. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Different approach is required Smart Communities vary in size and character, but are based on commonconcept of city management and services enabled by an IT infrastructureITData centerNetworkcommunicationNetworkcommunicationTransportation& MobilityTransportation& MobilityEnergy& HeatEnergy& HeatWaterWaterShopShopStationStationRecycle facilityRecycle facilityEnergy stationEnergy stationFactoryFactorySchoolSchoolHospitalHospitalOffice buildingOffice buildingHousingHousingCity ManagementCore solutions support varioussizes of systems10%30%30%30% IPTownDistrictCityScalabilityScalabilityGreen field vs RetrofitGreen field vs Retrofit50%50%Green fieldRetrofitSmart systems in multiple fieldsSecurityTraceability CustomerServiceOthersIndustrialPark6Hitachi Concept of Smart Community Solutions
  7. 7. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Basic modelsGrowingRenovation &DevelopmentKey Factors for Evolution of Smart CommunityBasic models establishedthrough small scaledemonstrationsSustainability (Scalability)1Step-by-step expansion/upgrade with non-stop operationExpanding target systems and Optimisation of all systemsInteroperability (Flexibility)2Connection and cooperation among various systemsStable management of various systemsReliability3Normal time : Comfortable usageEmergency time : Non-stop operationShare and use information safely and comfortablySecurity4Protection of information assets in system as a wholeCope with change of security standards7Hitachi Concept of Smart Community Solutions Evolution
  8. 8. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.ITDevelopment & Renovation ofSmart City(incl. IT)Energy WaterMobilityConstruction ofKnowledge CityCHINA [Guangzhou]Eco-City Construction ofModel EnvironmentallyConscious CityCHINA [Tianjin]Smart City ProjectJAPAN [Yokohama]Kashiwa-no-haSmart City ProjectJAPAN [Kashiwa-city]Smart GridDemonstrationSite – Micro-gridJAPAN [Rokkasho-village]Smart Grid Demonstration- Battery StorageU.S.A. [New Mexico]U.S.A. [Hawaii]Future City Model inHitachi CityJAPAN [Hitachi-city]DemonstrationReal businessIT ITUK [South West]Remote IslandSmart GridDemonstrationVoltage ControlSystemDemonstrationProjectITSPAIN [Malaga]Smart Community SystemDemonstration ProjectIT8Hitachi Smart Communities Global ActivitiesITEV ChargeManagementSystemJAPAN [Okinawa]
  9. 9. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Japan U.S. Island Grid Project BackgroundRE Capacity(Target): 15%Annual Generation:1566.2GWhWind:30MWPV:12MWHydro:0.5MWBiomass:12MWRE Capacity(Target): 25%Annual Generation:1709.6GWhWind:72MWPV:42MW*Hydro:0.5MWBiomass:12MWRE Capacity(Target): 40%Annual Generation:2034.8GWhWind:72MWPV:112MW*Hydro:0.5MWBiomass:12MW2015 2020 2030Stable Supply of Electric PowerMaximum Utilization of Renewable EnergySolution for Impact of EV & PV High PenetrationIn Maui, large scale renewable energy has been introduced, and it isexpected that there will be high levels of PV and EV penetration9
  10. 10. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Issues Excess energy Influence on distribution line voltage Influence on frequency Difficulty in resource planning Data securitySolutions μDMS &Smart PCS EV charger control Battery system Demand Response ICT PlatformJapan U.S. Island Grid Project Overview10
  11. 11. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.1. EfficiencyMaximum Utilization ofRenewable EnergyAdvanced load shift technology4. Cyber SecurityEnsure adequate securityfor system safetyM2M network security technologySix cutting-edge initiatives and verification biz modelfor Smart Grid are core activities for demonstration.2.Stabilization/BalancingDirect control to respondto sudden changes insupply and demandDirect load control technology3. EV stationsEstablish systems to copewith high EV penetration5. Autonomous SystemEnergy control viaAutonomous DecentralizedSystemμDMS, RF mesh network6. Community andInfrastructure EvolutionICT technologies toimprove QOLM2M networkM-to-N EV chargingmanagement systemInformation and control platform2011 2012 2013 2014System DesignConstruction DemonstrationFeasibility StudyInformation & Control PlatformJapan U.S. Island Grid Project Overview11
  12. 12. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Photovoltaics(Hitachi)OperatorMonitorAutomaticSurveillance andControl Server(CEMS Server)PCSPCSPV(100kW)Hub Battery(100 kW)Charge/DischargeControlCharge/DischargeMini-Information HubServerNAS Battery(NGK)Inter-connection PointHeat PumpControl-Gridsidesupplyanddemandmanagementandcontrol(includespowergenerationandstorage)-EnergyserviceintegrationMulti familybuildingSmart House(Panasonic)Smart House(JWD)PHVEV & PHV(Smart Center)Futamata Wind PowerGeneration Site (JWD)Energy ServiceInformation ExchangePHVChargerPower GridPowerDistribution LineInformationFlow ControlSmart House/BuildingSurveillance andControl Information ExchangeSmart House(Toyota)Control Center(Hitachi)Grid Side Information↓ ↑Demand Side EnergyService Information-Demandsidepowergenerationandstoragecontrol(includesHEMSfunctions)PHV (Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle), PCS (Power Conditioning System)NAS (Sodium-sulfur battery), JWD (Japan Wind Development Co., Ltd.)CEMS (Community Energy Management System)Community Energy Management System (C-EMS) provides an integrated optimization system for mid-sizeand individual renewable energy generation, community energy storage, and Smart houses including HEMSand Plug-in Hybrid cars. C-EMS helps create a 100% CO2-free community. (Commenced Sep. 2010)Rokkasho Village Demonstration Project Overview12
  13. 13. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Rokkashomura-FutamataWind Power StationPhotovoltaic panels<a case of energy demand and supply>0 6 12 18 24(h)Charge/Discharge ofHUB Battery (*)Wind powerPhotovoltaicSolar powerChargeDischargeElectricityDemandHUB battery (NAS battery)The model for Supply and Demand balance control(*) Assumption for reducing battery capacity:Includes hub battery and demand-side control(i.e. Heat Pump and PHV charging), these arekey to reducing battery cost (= capacity)Rokkasho Village System Overview13<6 Smart Houses>HEMS controls energyproduction and storageRooftop PVAir conditionerHEMS display visualiseselectricity conditionsStorage batteryHeat pumpSmartMeterEV chargerSmart Houses Smart Houses Each company (Japan Wind Development, Toyota,Panasonic Corp) built 2 houses and introduced theirown equipment for demonstration HEMS controls DER, e.g. wind turbine, PV andenergy storageHEMS: Home Energy Management SystemDER: Distributed Energy Resources
  14. 14. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Heat Pump control parameterOutsideTemperature (°C)HeatPumpHWStorageTankHW SupplyHW consumptionWaterSupply (°C)ElectricalConsumptionOutsidetemperature・・・・・・ ・・Output chart~~~RadiatedHeat LossStart /Stop LossHeat PumpPVDLC Load Shift for a group of HPs DLC (Direct Load Control) function controls Heat Pumps on/off together with PVgeneration prediction. These functions convert electricity into hot water which is thenstored in the tank (thermal energy storage control)ServerCommunityThermalstoragecontrol50.1% of Excess Energy consumedThe figure would be 24.5% with DLCLoad Shift for individual HPsThe figure of DLC load shift for individual HPs is calculatedby simulationThe self-sufficiency ratio = 83%Heat PumpPVElectricalConsumptionRokkasho Village DLC Result: Self-sufficiency ratio14050010001500200025000 6 12 18 24October/23PV Excess EnergyHP loadTotal Load ofcommunityPV Generation(hour
  15. 15. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.Substation11kv OH lineWindFarmD-STATCOM4 ProjectLocationsAgreedTentative15LCNF Tier 1 project • As DG (Distributed Generation) becomes more common, thegrowing number of renewable connections to distribution lines isexpected to cause voltage fluctuations (specifically high or lowvoltage) due to the variable power output of the DG. In turn thiscan affect the efficiency and capacity of the distribution network.• As DG (Distributed Generation) becomes more common, thegrowing number of renewable connections to distribution lines isexpected to cause voltage fluctuations (specifically high or lowvoltage) due to the variable power output of the DG. In turn thiscan affect the efficiency and capacity of the distribution network.• Determine the effectiveness of D-STATCOM as a dynamic voltagecontrol system in rural 11kV networks to address voltage fluctuation.• Optimise control by using a D-VQC (Voltage and Reactive PowerControl System) to network multiple D-STATCOMs.• Determine the effectiveness of D-STATCOM as a dynamic voltagecontrol system in rural 11kV networks to address voltage fluctuation.• Optimise control by using a D-VQC (Voltage and Reactive PowerControl System) to network multiple D-STATCOMs.Goals• 2 Strand project, initially 1 D-STATCOM as proof of concept, then 3additional units as well as a D-VQC server.• 2 Strand project, initially 1 D-STATCOM as proof of concept, then 3additional units as well as a D-VQC server.Scope• Improvement of power quality and mitigation of voltage spikesissues, thereby increasing network stability, efficiency and loadcapacity in distribution networks.• Learning from project will be beneficial for informing DNOs businesscase for alternative responses to network rebuild.• Improvement of power quality and mitigation of voltage spikesissues, thereby increasing network stability, efficiency and loadcapacity in distribution networks.• Learning from project will be beneficial for informing DNOs businesscase for alternative responses to network rebuild.ExpectedBenefitsBackgroundUK Smart Grid Case Study – LCNF project with WPD
  16. 16. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved. 16ETI Smart Systems & Heat Programme OverviewLaunched in April 2012, the focus of the programme is the design, developmentand demonstration of a first-of-a-kind energy system aligned with the needs ofUK consumers in the domestic and small commercial sectors with a particularfocus on heat delivery. Hitachi was announced as Programme Associate.There are four key themes: Understanding real mass-market consumer behaviour in order to design andcommunicate effective service products Providing energy services and integrated products to consumers in domesticand commercial buildings (primarily domestic & retrofit) Space and water heating – but including other energy service needs in orconnected to buildings Understanding the evolution of the whole energy system out to 2050,including building retrofits and energy distribution choices
  17. 17. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.WA1.1 – EnablingTechnologiesWA3.1 – Data Managementand Overall SystemArchitectureWA5 – Consumer Responseand BehaviourHitachi asConsortium LeaderHitachi as aPrime ContractorHitachi as aSub-contractor Budget of £100mil allocated over 5 years, culminating into the demonstrationof a first of its kind Smart Energy System in the UK Hitachi is involved in the delivery of several WAs awarded through opencompetitive tendering:ETI Smart Systems & Heat Programme Overview17+ othersub-contractors+ othersub-contractors
  18. 18. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.PCS &BatteryPCS &BatteryPCS &BatteryPCS &BatterySmart community energy storage systemAGGREGATORMini-DVQCMini-DVQC Mini-DVQCCurrent Smart Community Model Under Discussion PCS associated with Batteries for 4-quadrant voltage control on low voltage grid connected with PVs &low carbon loads(heat pump/EV charger) Mini-DVQC to control networked PCSs Involvement of Aggregator to test aggregation of storage from batteries Deployment of a high-level management system which optimises multiple Mini-DVQCs and other assets onthe network18BrokerageAgentEnergy Community/Local Energy MarketBrokerageAgentBrokerageAgentBrokerageAgentMini-DVQC
  19. 19. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.ManufactureGeneralcontractorDeveloperTotalEngineering Establish value that is tailored for each country or region with local partnersOperatingcompanyBusiness firm Collaborate with partnersCollaborate with customerCollaborate with customerTotal engineeringIndustrial, transportation, city development systemInfo and comms system Power systemMaterial, key deviceConsumerGovernment BusinessConstruction of new eco-systemby innovationin social infrastructureEcosystem of Partners and Collaborators in the UK19
  20. 20. © Hitachi Europe Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved. 20

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