• Chernobyl, Ukraine was the site of the largest nuclear disaster in the history ofIntroductory humankind. Ukraine Reactor Four exploded and released enormous amounts of toxic chemicals into the atmosphere. Two people died immediately as a result of the explosions, but twenty-eight people died weeks afterwards due to toxic chemical exposure.
Why?• The reactor malfunction was caused by a number of factors. Some of these said factors are faulty reactor design, poorly trained nuclear officers, and lack of safety precautions. The reactor was in a severely unstable condition, and the unique design of control rods caused a large power surge. The fuel reacting with the steaming water caused a fraction, and this escalated into the two explosions.
Pripyat, Ukraine. Pripyat was a city of around 54,000 residents during the Chernobyl accident. In mere days, all 54,000 residents were evacuated from the area and were able to avoid harm. The city was founded in 1970 to accommodate the workers for the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. The city has been abandoned ever since the disaster in Chernobyl in 1986, and is now considered a ghost town. The famous ferris wheel in the town amusement park has long since become an icon for the disaster.
Usage in Modern Media• The Chernobyl incident has been a popular draw for the media ever since it occurred in 1986. It has appeared in such video games such as Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, S.T.A.L.K.E.R. Shadow of Chernobyl and S.T.A.L.K.E.R. Call of Pripyat. There is also a movie set to come out in 2012 named Chernobyl Diaries about a group of tourists who encounter mutated horrors in the Zone.
• Only 30 people died due to the accident at Chernobyl, with 2 of those 30 dying because of the foremost explosions. The incident released tons of toxic chemicals into the environment, which spread all over Europe. The event gained much negative media attention and was much dramatized to represent countless mutations due to the accident, although this is far from the truth. Aftermath
Cleanup• In the beginning, there were around 350,000 cleanup workers, or “liquidators” working on cleaning up the Chernobyl area from 1986-1987. The number eventually rose to about 600,000 liquidators, mainly from the army. Around 240,000 of these liquidators acquired Acute Radiation Sickness.
Impact• Chernobyl rocked the world (figuratively, of course.) The accident at Chernobyl was completely unique, although nuclear energy afterwards was never looked upon the same, and has become a controversial subject. Apart from this, the expenses used to clean up the area crippled the Soviet Union’s economy, and was a major factor in its downfall.
Pripyat Today• Today Pripyat is still considered abandoned, even though it is open to the public, and is now a tourist destination. The radiation affects in the area are almost gone presently, after nigh on 30 years of cleanup.