Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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Type 2 diabetes management case study for reference. Diabetes management is important to prevent further damage to organs. this case study is simple illustration about diabetes management, dietary modification and lifestyle changes.

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus

  1. 1. TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS BY REEMA DESAI Rd, diabetes educator
  2. 2. Diabetes Mellitus (DM)  DM is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defect in insulin secretion, insulin action or both.  Types of DM:  Type 1 DM  Type 2 DM  Gestational DM
  3. 3. Type 2 DM  It results from a progressive insulin secretory defect on the background of insulin resistance.  It accounts for 90-95% of all cases of diabetes.
  4. 4. Pathophysiology
  5. 5. Diabetes Risk Factors
  6. 6. Patient Profile  Name – Mr. XYZ  Age/ Sex – 39 years/ Male  Weight – 71 kg  Height – 168 cms  BMI – 25.2 kg/m2 (overweight)  IBW - 65 kg  Socio-economic Status-UMIG  Ethnic Background – Hindu  Occupation– Journalist  Food Habits – Non-Vegetarian  Allergy to Medication /Food– None
  7. 7. Case History  Symptoms-Weakness, Excessive thirst  Personal History- None  Family History- Father is Diabetic  Addiction- No  Biochemical Parameter (18-Jul-2013):  Diagnosis:Type 2 DM and Dyslipidemia  Medication: None
  8. 8. Home Recall Energy: 2533 kcal Protein: 123gm(19%) CHO: 339gm(54%) Fat: 74gm (26%) Exercise – 1 hr weight training daily
  9. 9. Advice Diet Energy: 2000kcal Protein:116gm (23.2%) CHO: 262gm (52%) Fat: 53gm (24%)
  10. 10. Guidelines Foods to be Allow  Eat small frequent meal  Whole cereals like oats, wheat flakes, daliya.Wheat, jowar, bajara flour ragi, brown bread  Pulses and legumes  1-2 fruits per day  Raw as well cook vegetables  Cow’s milk  Egg white, fish, chicken in grill, steam, gravy form  Almond, walnut, flaxseed  Have 1tsp of methi seed (soaked) ½ hr before breakfast and dinner  Exercise: 1 hr combination of weight training and aerobics daily Foods to be Avoided  Avoid skipping of food  Maida based product, cornflakes, sago, arrowroot  Banana, chickoo, seetaphal, jackfruit, grapes, mango, fruit juices  Potato, sweet potato, yam, raw banana, arbi, beetroot  Buffalo’s milk, ghee, butter, cheese, paneer, cream, khoa  Whole egg, shell fish, coconut in gravy  Dry fruits, Sugar, jaggery, honey and its product.  Preserved foods, fried foods, carbonated beverages
  11. 11. After 1 Month  Biochemical Parameter (18-Aug-2013):  Diet and exercise plays an important role in the management of diabetes and lipid profile.
  12. 12. Get info from: info@justforhearts.org Helpline Number: 09266802992 Skype Id: justforhearts Contact Us for Any Query:

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