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Pediatric nutrition

Right nutrition in early days of life is very important. Nutritional requirements are different for kids and adults in the family. They are in their growing age, they need balanced nutrition but not only high calorie foods, In growing years different age groups have different requirements. Discussion with experts helps in dealing with the situation.

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Pediatric nutrition

  2. 2. When it comes to choosing a colour forthe child: IT’S ALWAYS A BLUE FORBOYS & PINK FOR GIRLS. Butwhen it comes to Nutrition for a Child, these differences fade away. There is no other time in life when the provision of appropriate nutrition is of greater importance than during infancy and childhood. Thus understanding the importance of Pediatric Nutrition and implementing correct nutritional guidelines at the right age becomes very essential.
  3. 3. UNDERSTANDING THE IMPORTANCE OFAPPROPRIATE NUTRITION DURINGDIFFERENT AGE GROUPS(A.) Infants – Birth (Neonate) till 12 months of age The first year of life is a period of rapid growth and development. Adequate Nutrition is essential for lifelong health and well being. It is also essential to achieve optimal growth, development and health. Thus it is essential to identify and correct any nutritional problems to avoid it to carry in next year of life.
  4. 4. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR INFANTS Infants should be exclusively breast fed for the first six months (wherever possible). Breast milk is a sufficient source of calories for the first six months for the infant. Also provides right amount of other nutrients which are easily digestible. Contains various antibodies which help to build the infant’s immune system. Solid food (Commentary foods ) has to be gradually introduced after 6 months along with breast feeding. Single grain cereals (mashed and in porridge form, malted form), pureed vegetables and fruits, dal water are advisable.
  5. 5.  Adding sugar, jaggery, oil or ghee will increase the calorific value of food. Once the child starts eating well, food items like khichadi, upma, daliya, kheer, idli, curd, milk can be introduced. Never overfeed or force the child to eat. Careful hygienic practices and storage of Complementary food is very essential to prevent contamination and infection.
  6. 6. (B.) Toddlers and preschoolers (1-6 years ) Several developmental changes in brain, body and organ occur at this time. Best time for Visual development. Vitamins and minerals are very importantfor bone health, brain development and tostrengthen the immune system. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR TODDLERS Introduce new foods at regular intervals to increase acceptance of new food. Provide a variety of food using the Food Guide Pyramid for children.
  7. 7.  Provide them with small frequent meals rather than three large meals. Provide adequate green leafy vegetable, other vegetables and fruits for goods sources of vitamins, minerals (specially Iron) and fibre. Provide enough dairy sources for calcium intake. Provide food in a colourful and appealing way. Encourage the child to play actively each day.  Dont force to eat or bribethe child with sweets or treats. Limit television watchingto 1 to 2 hours a day
  8. 8. (C.) School going children (6-12 years ) It is a growth spurt time where nutritional needs are high but fairly small appetite. Important for good development for cognitive skills,bone mineralization and life long eating patterns. According to the “National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau of India”, over 50% of apparently healthy looking children have sub-clinical or biochemical deficiencies of vitamin A, vitamins B2, B6, folate and vitamin C.  Food choices largely depends a lot on family food choices, peer groups, media. Base for good health and Weight control.
  9. 9. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOLGOING CHILDREN Provide variety in meals. Avoid Monotony. Encourage healthier options for snacks rather than fried and unhealthy snacks like crisps, fries etc. School meals and packed lunches are very important part of daily nutritional intake. Balance food with physical activity. Set good examples for healthy eating habit. Provide plenty of grains, fruits and vegetable, low fat dairy products. Moderate sugars and salt. Involve the child in making food choices.
  10. 10.  Encourage the child to eat with family at the dining table. Never skip breakfast. Dont serve food in front of TV Avoid foods rich in saturated fats and cholesterol.
  11. 11. (D.) Adolescents (12 to 18 years)  WHO states: It is a time of intense physical, psychosocial, and cognitive development.  Increased nutritional needs at this juncture relate to the fact that adolescents gain up to 50% of their adult weight, more than 20% of their adult height, and 50% of their adult skeletal mass during this period.  Thus it is important to take care and fuel it with nutritious food so that it may develop to its potential.  Important for prevention of health problems such as obesity, dental caries, iron deficiency, and osteoporosis.  Peers influence easily so harder to make healthy choices.
  12. 12. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FORADOLESCENTS Consume balanced and small frequent meals with lot of variety in them. Teach adequate portion sizes of foods from all food groups. Choosing the diet with plenty of grains, vegetables, pulses, dairy products. Choosing the diet low in salt, sugar, fat (saturated fats). Provide with readily available healthy food choices even while eating outside food. Involve the adolescent in making good choices as well as preparations oh healthy food.
  13. 13.  Dont forget to discuss diet concerns(FAD diets etc) and implications of diet restrictions. Drink less of sugar-sweetened beverages (e.g., soft drinks, sport drinks, fruit drinks, etc.) 
  14. 14. CHILDREN’S ORAL HEALTH"Oral health is an important part of overall health, and good oral health starts with baby teeth. If your babys mouth isnt healthy, then your baby is not going to be healthy." Dr. Russell Maier Family physician, University of Washington Guide your child a proper brushingtechnique right from the early age. Provide healthy foods and limit sweetsnacks and drinks. Schedule regular dental check ups.
  15. 15. Paediatric Nutritionist Ellyn Setter said:“ The secret to feeding a healthy family is to love good food, trust yourself, and share that love and trust with your child. When the joy goes out of eating, nutrition suffers .”
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Right nutrition in early days of life is very important. Nutritional requirements are different for kids and adults in the family. They are in their growing age, they need balanced nutrition but not only high calorie foods, In growing years different age groups have different requirements. Discussion with experts helps in dealing with the situation.


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